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Affinity Chromatography

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Presentation on theme: "Affinity Chromatography"— Presentation transcript:

1 Affinity Chromatography
Supervisor: Anton Zavialov By: Elham Barazeghi Mehrafarin Ramezani

2 Affinity Chromatography:
Separation of proteins by reversible interaction of proteins and specific ligand in matrix of column Advantages: Selectivity Resolution Suitable for concentrating a protein

3 Some common terms : Matrix Spacer Arm Ligand Binding Elution Wash
Ligand coupling

4 Matrix Open and porous structure Inert or non-specific interaction
OH group on sugar residues , good anchor for ligand attachment Able to pass liquids through itself rapidly Stable enough in various conditions Sepharose is an ideal matrix!

5 Spacer arm Improve efficiency of binding length

6 How it works? On the matrix: on the chromatogram:

7 Essential components of Affinity Chromatography system:
Column type(depending on target protein and the ligand) Buffers: Loading buffer Elution buffer

8 Elution methods: pH elution Ionic strength elution Competitive
Polarity disturbance Denaturing

9 Step vs. gradient elution

10 Different types of Affinity Chromatography
Type of column Target Enzyme Substrate analogue, cofactor, inhibitor Immunoaffinity Antigen, virus,cell Lectin Polysaccharides, glyco-proteins, cell surface receptor, cell Nucleic acid Complementary base sequence, histones, nucleic acid polymerase, nucleic acid binding protein Hormone, vitamin Receptor, carrier protein Glutathione Glutathione-S-transferase, GST fusion protein Immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography (IMAC) Poly (his)fusion proteins, native proteins with histidine, cystein or tryptophan residues on their surfaces

11 Immuno-affinity chromatography (IAC)
A sub category of affinity chromatography A biologically related binding agent is used for the selective purification or analysis of a target compound stationary phase consists of an antibody or antibody-related reagent The selective and strong binding of antibodies for their given targets has made them of great interest as immobilized ligands in affinity chromatography

12 Moser A.C., et. Al., Immunoaffinity chromatography: an introduction to applications and recent developments, bioanalysis ,2(4):

13 The loading buffer has the ability to promote fast and efficient binding of the target analyte to immobilized antibodies which typically occurs under physiological conditions pH=7 The elution carry out by temporarily lowering the effective strength of antibody binding to the target. Changing the mobile phase pH is the most popular method for eluting retained compounds from IAC columns. This approach is usually conducted by applying an acidic buffer (pH 1–3) to the column

14 An example of competitive elution:

15 Thank You

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