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Chapter 10 and 11 Answers. Chapter 10—Earth in Space Questions Pages 255–257 1.(2) 2.(3) 3.(2) 4.(3) 5.(1) 6.(4) 7. (2) 8. (3) 9. (1) 10. (4) 11. (1)

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 10 and 11 Answers. Chapter 10—Earth in Space Questions Pages 255–257 1.(2) 2.(3) 3.(2) 4.(3) 5.(1) 6.(4) 7. (2) 8. (3) 9. (1) 10. (4) 11. (1)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 10 and 11 Answers

2 Chapter 10—Earth in Space Questions Pages 255–257 1.(2) 2.(3) 3.(2) 4.(3) 5.(1) 6.(4) 7. (2) 8. (3) 9. (1) 10. (4) 11. (1) 12. (1) 13. (2) 14. (1) 15. (3) 16. (4) Questions Pages 260, 262–265 17. (4) 18. (4) 19. (1) 20. (1) 21. (3) 22. (4) 23. (4) 24. (4) 25. (2) 26. (3) 27. (3) 28. (3) 29. (1) 30. (4) 31. (1) 32. (1) 33. (3) 34. (4) 35. (2) 36. (2) 37. (3) 38. (2) 39. (4) 40. (4) 41. (3) 42. (4) 43. (4) 44. (3) 45. (1) CHAPTER REVIEW QUESTIONS PAGES 266–271 1.(2) 2.(3) 3.(3) 4.(1) 5.(4) 6.(2) 7. (4) 8. (1) 9. (3) 10. (3) 11. (2) 12. (1) 13. (3) 14. (3) 15. (2) 16. (2) 17. (4) 18. (2) 19. (2) 20. (3) 21. (4) 22. (1) PART C 25. and 26. 27. Theyareallthesame. 28. 10A.M. 29. Miami has fewer daylight hours. The days are longer in New York City in late June. 30. ThenoonsunishigherintheskyinMiami. Miami is closer to the equator.

3 23. Longer than at noon and pointed toward 45° east.

4 31.–33. Sky 37. 12 Noon Late Sun Path December Sun Path S Horizon Late March and September W Observer E Horizon N 34. 35. 36. Pin The late June path drawn by the student must extend from the horizon in the north- east to a position high in the southern sky (not straight overhead), and then end at the horizon in the northwest. 38. North 39. Hercules has moved down and to the west (left); Counterclockwise around Polaris. Perseus has moved upward and toward the east; Counterclockwise around Polaris 40. 30° 41. Earth’srotationorthespinningofEarth 42. OnorveryclosetotheEquator;0°latitude. 43. Accept any date at the equinoxes in late March or late September. 44. 12hours 45. 15°/hour Chapter 11—Beyond Planet Earth Questions Pages 276–278 1.(3) 2.(2) 3.(3) 4.(3) 5.(2) 6.(4) 7. (1) 8. (4) 9. (3) 10. (3) 11. (2) 12. (3) 13. (2) 14. (4) 15. (4) Questions Pages 283–285 16. (4) 17. (2) 18. (3) 19. (1) 20. (4) 21. (3) 22. (1) 23. (1) 24. (4) 25. (1) 26. (3) 27. (4) 28. (1) 29. (4) 30. (2) 31. (3) 32. (2) 33. (2) Questions Pages 290–293 34. (1) 35. (2) 36. (3) 37. (3) 38. (1) 39. (4) 40. (4) 41. (3) 42. (4) 43. (4) 44. (4) 45. (1) 46. (2) 47. (3) 48. (4) 49. (2)

5 CHAPTER REVIEW QUESTIONS PAGES 293–299 1.(3) 2.(1) 3.(3) 4.(2) 5.(3) 6.(4) 7. (3) 8. (1) 9. (1) 10. (3) 11. (3) 12. (2) 13. (4) 14. (3) PART C 15. The impact of a meteorite, or an object falling from space. 16. The moon’s revolution around Earth. The change in relative positions of the Earth, moon and sun. We can see different portions of the lighted side of the moon. 17. 18. oldgibbous 19. Themoonismuchcloserthanthesun. 20. ProcyonB,40EridaniB 21. They repeat. They show the same pattern over and over. 22. ellipse 23. The moon moves fastest when it is closest to Earth. 24. Acceptanswersfrom200to400 25. MercuryandVenus 26. Orbit of Earth The orbit of Mars must be roughly circular, centered on the sun and closer to Earth’s orbit than to the orbit of Jupiter. 27. Betelgeuseismuchlargerthanthesun. 28. 29. Betelgeuse is more red. Rigel is more blue or white. 39. TheMilkyWay 31. Asearthrevolvesinitsorbit,Orionisbelow the horizon in the summer. Orion would be in the daytime sky in the summer.

6 32. Accept answers in the range of 149–150 mil- lion kilometers 33. Acceptanswerswithintherangeof150–200 K (Kelvin temperatures have no degrees (°) symbol.) 34. Inverse, indirect, as one increases, the other decreases. The farther from the sun, the lower the temperature. 35. Accept answers in the range of 6–7 AU 36. Accept any of the following minerals: feldspar (potassium or plagioclase), mica (muscovite or biotite), amphibole, pyrox- ene, augite, or hornblende 37. The universe is expanding. Light from dis- tant stars and/or galaxies is redshifted. 38. Theerrorhasprobablydecreased. 39. The moon’s orbit is tilted with respect to Earth’s orbit around the sun. The moon usu- ally passes above or below the sun and Earth. 40. eccentricity = distance between foci length of the major axis

7 42. Earth has an elliptical orbit. The distance between Earth and the sun changes. Earth is closer to the sun in our winter 43. Accept answers in the range of 1 minute (1) to 1 minute, 20 seconds (1 20) 44. The sun is always low in the sky in New York in January. In January, the Northern Hemi- sphere is tilted away from the sun 45. Weathering, erosion and deposition are more active on Earth, so they destroy or cover craters. Plate Tectonics destroys and creates new Earth’s crust. Many meteorites fall into the oceans. Many meteorites burn up in the atmosphere. Chapter 12—Environmental Awareness CHAPTER REVIEW QUESTIONS PAGES 308–314 = 2.8 cm 8.1 cm = 0.35

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