Presentation on theme: "Businesses in the Middle Ages: Working in a Guild"— Presentation transcript:
1 Businesses in the Middle Ages: Working in a Guild Learning TargetsI can determine the impact of specialization and training on production.I can define medieval, Middle Ages, specialization, productivity, guild, trade, apprentice, journeyman, master and monopoly.I can describe the organization and purposes of guilds in medieval Europe.I can analyze a historical document to identify the role of guild workers in the Hatters Guild in medieval London.
2 Lesson 16- BIG Picture Time Required/Recommended: One 45 minute session for the production activity.One 30 minute session for analyzing the historical document.Outside Materials Needed:Two sheets of newspaper for each studentSeveral rolls of tape
3 Terms You Will Review or Learn Historical TermsMedievalMiddle AgesGuildTradeApprenticeJourneymanMasterEconomics TermsSpecializationProductivityMonopoly
8 Answer Me This…How might specializing in something allow each worker to increase his or her productivity?For instance, how might a worker who specialized as a weaver be able to weave more cloth in a day than someone else?A person who specializes in weaving would have more practice and better skills and would know how to weave faster.
9 Why did workers in cities organize themselves into guilds? You are going to become a hatter, in order to find out!Rules For Hat MakingQuality is important!No talkingNo working togetherKeep your eyes on your own work
10 Hat Standards How did you know the standards for your hat? How well will the completed hats hold up in today’s weather?How many hats did we make? How is the quality?Volunteer- Let’s collect those hats!
11 Why did workers in cities organize themselves into guilds Why did workers in cities organize themselves into guilds? Let’s find out a bit more about guilds…
15 Benefits of Belonging to a Guild What might be some benefits of belonging to a guild?
16 Welcome Apprentices to the Hatters Guild of London! Watch carefully as I demonstrate how to make one of these lovely hats.Masters teach groupsTwo minutes to complete your hatAsk questions of your master and each other
17 Masters’ Quality Report How many hats meet the standards of the Hatters Guild?Were more “good” hats made this time?Masters, share a few comments on quality
18 Who Benefits From Quality? Quality, Quality, QualityHow do consumers benefit?How do producers benefit?
21 How do historians know what happened in the past? Primary Source Document:“The Rules of the Hatters of London”-What were the rules?As a group, answer questions 1-6
22 Let’s Compare and Contrast 1. What powers did the mayor of London have in 1347?-The mayor had the power to approve the Hatters Guild’s rules. Also, defective hats were brought before the Mayor and he appears to have been in charge of punishing those who caused defects.
23 Let’s Compare and Contrast 2a. What was the role of the wardens in the Hatters Guild?-The wardens “rule and watch the trade.” They examine all the hats for sale in the area and have the power to bring defective hats before the Mayor.2b. How did someone get to be warden in the Hatters Guild in London in 1347?-If you were one of six of the most lawful men of the trade, you could be assigned to be a warden.
24 Let’s Compare and Contrast 3. How long would someone be an apprentice in the Hatters Guild of London in 1347?-7 years
25 Let’s Compare and Contrast 4. Why is there a rule saying that “no workman in the trade shall do any work by night, but only in clear daylight”?-Rule 6 says that some workmen have made hats that are not of high quality, and this has caused “…scandal, shame and loss to the good folks of the hatters trade.” Therefore, if hats can only be made in daylight, the wardens can inspect the work.
26 Let’s Compare and Contrast 5. What evidence is in the document that some people in London were not free in 1347?-Rule 2 says that no one can make or sell hats in London if he is not free [and from London].Rule 4 says that no one in the hatters trade can take an apprentice if he is not a freeman of London.If you took an apprentice for less than seven years, you would lose your freedom and have to buy it back.The third time a workman is caught working at night, he loses his freedom.
27 Let’s Compare and Contrast 6. What are some of the punishments that existed in Lpondon in 1347 for not following the riles of the Hatters Guild?- Rule 2:Give up the ahts he made or was selling; Rule 3: lose freedom until he buys it back; Rule 6: pay a fine to the Guildhall and lose one’s freedom.