Presentation on theme: "Astronomy Part 3. Starter: Get ready for your notebook quiz."— Presentation transcript:
Astronomy Part 3
Starter: Get ready for your notebook quiz.
Notebook Quiz 1 1.What goes on page 1? 2.What is the title on page 3? 3.What was the title on page 13 from 1/26/15? 4.How many pages are in your notebook? 5.Define Earth Science. 6.What shape do planets orbit the sun in? 7.What happens every 4 years (February 29)? 8.What pages are used for starters? 9.Why should you personalize your notebook? 10.What is taped to the inside cover?
Answers 1.“I am” author page 2.Table of Contents 3.Early views of the solar system The study of Earth’ systems and the universe around it. 6.Ellipse 7.Leap Year To prevent theft 10.Syllabus/ How to Set-up your notebook
Solstices Summer sostice June 21 or 22 First day of summer Longest day of the year Winter solstice December 21 or 22 Beginning of winter Shortest day of the year – north of artic circle have 24 of darkness, south of Antarctic circle have 24 hours of daylight
Equinox Equinox- when the Sun is directly over the equator Means “equal night” Hours of daylight =hours of darkness everywhere on earth Autumnal equinox – Sept 22 or 23 Vernal equinox – March 21 or 22
Eclipse Eclipses—shadows cast by Earth or the Moon onto each other Only occur when the Sun, the Moon, and Earth are perfectly lined up Solar eclipse—The Moon blocks sunlight from reaching a portion of Earth’s surface; occurs during new moon. Lunar eclipse—Earth blocks sunlight from reaching the Moon; the full moon becomes dark; Moon appears deep red
Moon Phases Moon phases—As the Moon orbits around Earth, different amounts of its sunlit surface are seen. New moon—The Moon is between Earth and the Sun. The lighted part faces away from Earth. (black or not visible)
Moon Phases Waxing Moon looks like the moon grows in size, as the Moon travels around Earth more lighted part is seen; called first-quarter; occurs a week after new moon. Full moon Earth is between the Sun and the Moon; the entire lighted part faces toward Earth Waning Moon decreases in size, and less of the lighted part is seen; called third-quarter phase. The complete cycle takes 29.5 days
Moon Phases Sequence NewWaxing Crescent First QuarterWaxing Gibbous Full Waning Gibbous Last QuarterWaning Crescent
Tides Caused by the gravitational attraction of the Earth, Moon, and Sun. moon has a much greater effect than Sun on tides because it is much closer to the Earth.
Tides Spring Tides- The exceptionally high and low tides that occur during new moon or full moon when the sun, moon, and earth are aligned. (nothing to do with the season)
Tides Neap Tide- The tide that occurs when the difference between high and low tide is least; Neap tides come twice a month, in the first and third quarters of the moon.