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1.What is the climate of the state that you live in? 2.Explain the climate using at least 5 descriptive words. Bellwork 3/3/15 On your desk: 1.PRIDE Card.

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Presentation on theme: "1.What is the climate of the state that you live in? 2.Explain the climate using at least 5 descriptive words. Bellwork 3/3/15 On your desk: 1.PRIDE Card."— Presentation transcript:

1 1.What is the climate of the state that you live in? 2.Explain the climate using at least 5 descriptive words. Bellwork 3/3/15 On your desk: 1.PRIDE Card 2.Pencil/Pen 3.I.N.

2 Climate and Seasons

3 Update your Table of Contents TitleDatePage # 1.Water 2.The Atmosphere 3.Meteorology 4.Climate and Seasons3/3/15??

4 Climatology  The study of the Earth’s climate and factors that affect past, present and future climatic changes.

5 Review: Weather vs. Climate  Is there a difference???  Climate- long-term average of weather patterns in a particular area.  Weather- short-term variations in atmospheric conditions. Examples in Arizona…. YES!!!

6 Data used to describe Climate  Daily High and Low temperatures  Rainfall  Wind Speed  Humidity  Air Pressure

7 Causes of Climate  Latitude- the distance N or S of the equator and is measured in degrees.  Controls the amount of solar radiation an area receives.

8 Latitude and Longitude

9 Latitude  Run horizontally and split the Earth into the Northern and Southern Hemisphere.  Measured in degrees North and South of the equator. North Pole South Pole Lines of latitude are numbered from 0 degrees at the Equator to 90 degrees North at the N Pole Lines of latitude are numbered from 0 degrees at the Equator to 90 degrees South at the S Pole

10 Longitude  Run vertically (the loooong way around Earth).  Measured in degrees East and West of the Prime Meridian. Prime Meridian Lines of longitude are numbered from 0 degrees at the PM to 180 West in the Western Hemisphere Lines of longitude are numbered from 0 degrees at the PM to 180 East in the Eastern Hemisphere

11 By combining latitude and longitude any location can be pinpointed!

12 (_____ ◦ N or S, _____ ◦ E or W) A locations coordinates are written:

13 Practice…. Makes Perfect! (worksheet)

14 Quick Check:

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17 Practice…. Makes Perfect! (worksheet)

18 Bellwork 3/4/15 1. Use the map above to determine which city is located at these latitudes and longitudes. a. b. c. d. e. On your desk: 1.PRIDE Card 2.Pencil/Pen 3.I.N. Milwaukee, Wisconsin Dallas, Texas Boise, Idaho Salt Lake City, Utah Minneapolis, Minnesota

19 A reality show where teams race around the word working to uncover clues, perform challenges in order to be the first team to “check-in” at the pit stop!

20 The Goal…  Use the map provided to determine the longitude and latitude of check-in locations.  Uncover clues and solve challenges to advance to the next leg of the race!!  Make it to the “Pit Stop” first and WIN !!!

21 To receive the prize at the end you must arrive at the Pit-Stop WITH….  I.N  Map  2 pencils  Red, blue, green, and yellow colored pencils  4 clues  4 worksheets  BOTH team members

22 Period 6 Teams… Corissa and Brooke Meagan and Megan Ethan and Avery Jerom and Dylan Holland and Makkenzie Davis and Ikaika Sarah and Braiden Paul and Aiden Madi and Austin Diego and Hayden Mason and Mayci Alyssa and Devon Taylor and Hailey Mike and Danny Kolby and Serena

23 Period 1 Teams… Miguel and Alli Isaiah, Ashton and Trey Emily and Danny Andrew S. and Gabi P. Kayla and Mason Josh B. and Malayna Drew G. and Emerson Colby and Sean Isaac and Hannah Monique and Hayden Durham and Rylee Alex and Janelle Jacob and Andrew T. Andrea and Josh T. Corey and Megan Jack and Drew V.

24 Period 3 Teams… Luke and Savannah Kiah, Jayden and Alice Alexa and Ricky Jake R. and Olivia Zach and Samantha Mya and Leila Joe and Shania Jeremiah and Missy David and Abby K. Shyann and Jake C. Abby U. and Alper

25 Period 4 Teams… Aidan and Kenzie Campbell and Joseph and Lexi Kalai and Sarah Michelle and Gianna Taris and Nick Emily and Connor Zack and Daviean Baley and Laura Adam and Samantha Victoria and Kelli Avery and Thomas Julie and Sean

26 Period 5 Teams… Tayler and Kyler Elise and Tanner and Paige Cameron and Zazel Luke and Julia Jacob and Maddie Max and Joseph Katelyn and Brandon Tia and Hannah Logan and Vanessa Adam and Rylee Cannen and Kali Sonny and Kiara Lindsay and Elise Kylee and David

27 Bellwork 3/4/15 It is PRESENTATION (rotation) day!!! **Make sure you have all your projects out on your desk. Pick up your rubric from the front On your desk: 1.PRIDE Card 2.PENCIL!!!! 3.All your Severe Weather Projects

28 Concepts to review for Target Tests!!! 1.Describe the difference between Warm and Cold Fronts. What type of weather is found at each? 2.How are breezes created? 3.What is the difference between a Sea and Land breeze? How are each created??

29 Bellwork 3/4/15 1.Draw a picture of a sea breeze and describe how it is created. 2.Draw a picture of a land breeze and describe how it is created. 3.During what time of day does a sea breeze occur? On your desk: 1.PRIDE Card 2.Pencil/Pen 3.I.N. 4.iPad 5.All your Severe Weather Projects

30 Bellwork 3/17/15 1. What types of data are collected in order to determine an areas climate? (hint: 5 things) On your desk: 1.PRIDE Card 2.Pencil/Pen 3.I.N. Daily High and Low temperatures Rainfall Wind Speed Humidity Air Pressure

31 Different Climates around the world! n/yt/watch?v=ZouWWVyz9v8

32 3 Climate Zones  Tropical Zone  Temperate Zone  Polar Zone

33 Climate Zones Foldable  Front: Name of the Zone Glue on the globe and label with the Latitude the zone is found at. Color in the zone on the globe  Inside: Describe the Zone List the Biomes Found in the Zone Color and glue in the pictures of the organisms found there. Chapter 3- Pages 82-91

34 Bellwork 3/18/15 1.What are the three climate zones? 2.Label the globe with each zone. On your desk: 1.PRIDE Card 2.Pencil/Pen 3.I.N. 4.iPad

35 1.At what latitude is the Polar zone found? 2.In which climate zone would you expect to find a pine tree? 3.Describe the Tropical Zone. Quick Check

36 Tropical Zone  23.5 degrees S to 23.5 degrees N  This areas receives the most solar radiation.  High temperatures  Biomes:  Tropical Rain Forest  Tropical Savanna  Tropical Desert

37 Temperate Zone  23.5 degrees N to 66.5 degrees N AND 23.5 degrees S to 66.5 degrees S  Mild change of seasons (some highs and lows)  Mid-temperatures  Biomes:  Temperate Forest  Temperate Grassland  Temperate Desert  Chaparral

38 Polar Zone  66.5 degrees N to 90 degrees N AND 66.5 degrees S to 90 degrees S  Coldest average temperatures on average.  Biomes:  Tundra  Taiga

39 Bellwork 3/19/15 1.Write a paragraph about your favorite climate zone. Make sure to include information about the organisms found there, temperature, precipitation, biomes and geologic features. On your desk: 1.PRIDE Card 2.Pencil/Pen 3.I.N.

40 What impacts climate?  Oceans  Mountain Ranges

41 Oceans  Water heats up and cools down more slowly than land.  Cities near oceans have moderate climates.

42 Mountain Ranges  Temperatures decrease as you increase in altitude.  Higher elevations = lower temperatures.

43 Changes in the Climate  Earth’s climate is constantly changing…. Long-term climate changes Short-term climate changes

44 Long-Term Temperature Changes  Ice Ages- Times during which ice collects in high latitudes and moves towards lower altitudes.  Large amounts of water freezes, causing sea levels to drop.  The most recent ice age began 2 million years ago.

45 Long-Term Temperature Changes  Volcanic Eruptions- send large amounts of dust, ash and smoke into the atmosphere.  This “shield” blocks the sun’s rays, which causes the Earth to cool.

46 Long-Term Temperature Changes  Asteroid Impact- causes debris to shoot into the atmosphere.  What do you think the debris does??......

47 Long-Term Temperature Changes  The Sun’s Cycle- The sun follows a 11 year cycle. It changes from it’s solar maximum to solar minimum.  Maximum- The sun produces a large percentage of high- energy radiation.  Minimum- The sun produces a low percentage of high- energy radiation.

48 Long-Term Temperature Changes  Global Warming- the gradual increase in the average global temperature due to a higher concentration of greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere.

49 Short-Term Temperature Changes  Seasons- variations of climate caused by changes in daylight, temperature, and weather patterns.

50 Bill Nye- Seasons  h?v=jo_qQVmu0-0

51 Bellwork 3/20/15 1.What are 5 events that contribute to long-term climate change? Global warming, the sun’s cycle, asteroid impact, volcanic eruptions and ice ages. 2. What are seasons? Seasons are variations of climate caused by variations in daylight, temperature, and weather patterns. 3. Are seasons a long-term or short-term climate change? Seasons are a short-term climate change. On your desk: 1.PRIDE Card 2.Pencil/Pen 3.I.N.

52 Tropical Zone  23.5 degrees S to 23.5 degrees N  This areas receives the most solar radiation.  High temperatures  Biomes:  Tropical Rain Forest  Tropical Savanna  Tropical Desert

53 Temperate Zone  23.5 degrees N to 66.5 degrees N AND 23.5 degrees S to 66.5 degrees S  Mild change of seasons (some highs and lows)  Mid-temperatures  Biomes:  Temperate Forest  Temperate Grassland  Temperate Desert  Chaparral

54 Polar Zone  66.5 degrees N to 90 degrees N AND 66.5 degrees S to 90 degrees S  Coldest average temperatures.  Biomes:  Tundra  Taiga

55 TT18

56 Bill Nye- Seasons  h?v=XuJoh8gi05g

57 Bellwork 3/23/15 NEW SEATS!!!!!!!! On your desk: 1.PRIDE Card 2.Pencil/Pen 3.I.N.

58 5 minutes to study for TT19

59 Rotation vs. Revolution  Rotation- The Earth moving around it’s axis. How long does one rotation take?  24 hours  Revolution- The Earth moving all the way around the sun. How long does one revolution take?  365 and ¼ day

60 Seasons  The seasons are caused by the tilt of Earth’s axis as it moves around the sun.  The Earth is tilted at 23.5 degrees

61  Summer solstice- June 21 in the Northern hemisphere.  Beginning of summer.  Winter solstice- December 21 in the Northern hemisphere.  Beginning of winter. Solstice- occurs when sun is directly overhead at latitudes 23.5 degrees north or south.

62  Vernal(Spring) equinox- March 21 in the Northern hemisphere.  Fall equinox- Sept 21 in the Northern hemisphere. Equinox- Neither hemisphere is tilted towards the sun. -The lengths of daylight and darkness are approximately equal.

63 Seasons Video  ?v=5YxS4kOoRFU ?v=5YxS4kOoRFU

64 Seasons Lab- Sun Intensity Materials: Colored Pencils (RED, BLUE,GREEN) Protractor Ruler Flashlight Pencil

65 Bellwork 3/24/15 1.What is a rotation? The Earth moving around it’s axis. 2. How long does one rotation take? 24 hours 3. What is a revolution? The Earth moving all the way around the sun. 4. How long does one revolution take? 365 and ¼ day On your desk: 1.PRIDE Card 2.Pencil/Pen 3.I.N.

66 Seasons Lab- The Solstice and Equinox Materials: Colored Pencils (RED, BLUE,GREEN) Protractor Ruler Flashlight Pencil

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69 Bellwork 3/25/15 1.Describe the impact of direct sunlight on climate. On your desk: 1.PRIDE Card 2.Pencil/Pen 3.I.N.

70 Bellwork 3/26/15 1.Define solstice. 2. When is the Summer solstice? 3. What is an equinox? 4. When is the Fall equinox? On your desk: 1.PRIDE Card 2.Pencil/Pen 3.I.N.

71 Bellwork 3/27/15 On your desk: 1.PRIDE Card 2.Pencil/Pen 3.I.N. 1.Define equinox. 2.Where is the Sun shining most directly during the Fall equinox? 3.It is June 21 st and summer in the Northern Hemisphere. What season is it in the Southern Hemisphere?

72 TT20


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