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© Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design John Haymaker, PhD, AIA, LEED ap Social Goals and Metrics.

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Presentation on theme: "© Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design John Haymaker, PhD, AIA, LEED ap Social Goals and Metrics."— Presentation transcript:

1 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design John Haymaker, PhD, AIA, LEED ap Social Goals and Metrics

2 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design Agenda “Great” works of Architecture What makes them “great”? How to define and measure social goals? (it’s hard) Projects – review and complete assignments Looking forward to Wednesday.

3 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design Frank Lloyd Wright Willits House

4 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design The Prairie Theme, in Palo Alto? The Hanna House

5 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design Larkin Building

6 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design Renzo Piano Thomson Optronics Factory

7 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design 5 Points of Architecture: Pilotis - Reinforced free-standing concrete columns Flat roofs- to be used as gardens. Free plan - with open interiors Free facade - Removing the structure from the perimeter Horizontal ribbon windows - which allow more light in Villa Savoye Le Corbusier:

8 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design Notre Dame du Haut, Ronchamp

9 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design Unite d'Habitation Building as Machine

10 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design Moshe Safdie:, Montreal Canada Habitat

11 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design Antoni Gaudi Casa Milo

12 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design Zaha Hadid BMW plant Leipzig

13 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design Frank O. Gehry Prague, Czech Dancing Buildings (aka Fred and Ginger)

14 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design Disney Concert Hall

15 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design “ The Stata is a building with lots of problems, inhabited by guys who love to solve problems. The MIT scientists would have been bored by a conventional building. Gehry gave them a building that needs to be solved. “ Businessweek Stata Center

16 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design Centre G. Pompidou

17 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design Herzog & De Meuron Dominus Winery

18 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design 901 Cherry Gap Headquarters Photo © Mark Luthringer AtriumUnderfloor AirGreen Roof “An attempt to combine aesthetic rhyme with architectural reason, environmental sensitivity with operational efficiency, the diverse needs of individual employees with the scale and flexibility required by a growing company” William McDonough Partners William McDonough Partners

19 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design Thermal Baths in Vals, Switzerland - local materials - sensitive integration into existing landscape - meaningful, memorable, inspiring space (architect understood the essence of the building type) - contemporary – reflecting society’s current aesthetic - well executed architectural program - green roof (great thermal insulation & site integration) Peter Zumthor –

20 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design Salk Institute, La Jolla, CA Reasons: - great integration of materials (concrete & wood) - memorable, symbolic, inspiring space - views influencing orientation of spaces (sensitivity to context) Louis Kahn –

21 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design Sydney Opera House -Iconic shape, outstanding acoustics - Ingenious engineering (uniform curvature) - Tourism subsidizes arts, making performances widely accessible - UNESCO World Heritage Site Questions: - Over budget by ~100million, - Over schedule by 7 years Jorn Utzon

22 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design Agbar Tower, Barcelona, Spain - out of context (wrong area to build – density & scale issues) - massiveness impacts surrounding neighborhoods by reducing value and attractiveness - shape has bad connotation (bad nicknames) - too expensive – 2 nd glass skin has limited, mainly aesthetic benefits – mostly covers opaque areas Jean Nouvel

23 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design What makes them great? satisfy multiple goals with the same elements (integrated design) emphasize project specific social goals usually emphasize one or two goals

24 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design Programming

25 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design Programming in/Workplace_Planning.p df

26 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design 1. Walk ability 2. Connectivity 3. Mixed-Use & Diversity 4. Mixed Housing 5. Quality Architecture & Urban Design 6. Traditional Neighborhood Structure 7. Increased Density 8. Smart Transportation 9. Sustainability 10. Quality of Life THE PRINCIPLES OF NEW URBANISM

27 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design LEED-NC Sustainable Sites

28 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design Metrics for Development Density and Community Connectivity

29 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design Vernacular Design Cliff dwellings Mesa Verde, Colorado Igloo Quaker Meeting House Interior Houston, Texas Wind Turbines Chinese Food Containers Egyptian Pyramid Characteristics - contextual - form follows function - practical, little waste - language / aesthetics of a time

30 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design Productivity Daylit classrooms have been shown to significantly improve student performance. 20% faster on math tests than those students with the least daylight 26% faster on reading tests than those students with the least daylight Daylighting in Schools – Heschong Mahone Group, 1991

31 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design Productivity: Retail Study  A skylit store had, on average, sales revenue 40% higher than a store without skylights  If a non-skylit store averaged $2/sf in revenue, a skylit store would average between $2.61 to $2.98/sf in revenue Daylighting and Retail Sales – Heschong Mahone Group, 1999

32 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design Productivity Improvements with daylight Lockheed –15% rise in production –15% drop in absenteeism West Bend Mutual Ins. –16% increase in claims processes ING Bank –15% drop in absenteeism Verifone –5% increase in productivity –40% drop in absenteeism - “Greening the Building and the Bottom Line”

33 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design Health

34 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design VOCs Volatile Organic Compounds  Eye Irritation  Upper Respiratory Irritation  Headache  Nausea, dizziness  Tired and General Lethargy  Odor Complaints

35 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design What this class emphasizes Identify the goals Define the goals, Weigh the goals Look at options until you find ones that optimally meet all the project specific goals

36 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design Goals “Our goal is a delightfully diverse, safe, healthy and just world, with clean water, clean air, clean soil and clean power – economically, equitably, ecologically and elegantly enjoyed.” Delightfully Diverse Delightfully Safe Delightfully Healthy Delightfully Just Clean Water Clean Air Clean Soil Clean Power Economically Enjoyed Equitably Enjoyed Ecologically Enjoyed Elegantly Enjoyed

37 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design Goal Tree for the iRoom

38 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design Student Project GSB

39 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design Green Dorms Social Goals

40 © Haymaker – CEE 115/215 Goals and Methods of Sustainable Building Design Projects


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