Presentation on theme: "SUSTAINABILITY BY OPENINGS VENTILATION, DAY LIGHTING"— Presentation transcript:
1SUSTAINABILITY BY OPENINGS VENTILATION, DAY LIGHTING OULDOUZ NASERIMASTER STUDENT OF INTERIOR ARCHITECTUREEASTERN MEDITERRANEAN UNIVERSITY
2What is a Green Building? TABLE OF CONTANTWhat is a Green Building?Green building’s ratingGreen Attributes of Windows and DoorsIndoor Environmental QualityWindows in Sustai nable DesignWhay it is important?When to use it?INTRODUCTIONThe Reichstag, BerlinArup Campus, SolihullOrchard Learning and Resource CentreCASE STUDIESGoldsmiths CollegeChelsea Club and Chelsea World of SportCONCLUSIONSerpentine Gallery PavilionSainsbury, GreenwichCREA-PB HeadquartersREFERENCESEl Ejido Courthouse
3What is a Green Building? INTRODUCTIONWhat is a Green Building?green homes use less energy, less water and fewer natural resources than conventional homes.“A green home incorporates smart design, technology, construction and maintenance elements to significantly lessen the negative impact of the home on the environment and improve the health of the people who live inside.”Factors to make a Green Building?building’s locationsize and design(US Green Building Council, n. d).
4Green building’s rating insulation properties water conservation indoor air qualityGreen building’s ratinginsulation propertieswater conservationrenewable energylandscapingEnergy efficiencyOpening and fenestrations are the way which make building green by air quality and energy efficiencyVentilation and day lighting(US Green Building Council, n. d).
5Green Attributes of Windows and Doors Windows and doors are important elements of a home’s building envelope. Not only can the right windows and doors create aesthetically pleasing homes, but they can also contribute to a healthier indoor living environment and a reduced environmental footprint.Indoor environmental qualityhow long the new products will last. It is also desirable for the products to be recyclable.When selecting windows and doors, there are three features that must be considered:energy performancedurability(US Green Building Council, n. d).
6Windows in Sustai nable Design Windows are a critical component in sustainable building design. Most energy flows in and out of a building through its windows, but with intelligent design and technological innovation they can be used to provide heating, cooling and lighting for a better indoor environment.FramingDesign of themGlass OptionsFactors to make a sustainable window(Jennifer Gray , 27 May )
7Sustainable Window Design: Why is it Important?Sustainable Window Design:Connects the building and its occupants to the sun, the wind and the world outside.Supports a net zero energy design with passive strategies for lighting, heating and cooling, and ventilation.Allows people to control their own environments and be healthier and more productive as a result.(anon, 27 June 2009)
8Use Sustainable Window Design: When to Use It?Use Sustainable Window Design:In northern climates, there should be more windows on the south side than on any other elevation+Maximizes winter heat gain+Minimizes summer cooling loads since radiation is high in winter and low in summer.Minimize east and west windows because they are difficult and expensive to control day lighting, glare, and summer heat gain.May have restrictions in historic districts and places where nearby buildings or trees block light.(Unnoun, 27 June 2009)
9Indoor Environmental Quality here are three ways windows and doors contribute to the quality of a building's indoor environment:amount of natural lighteffectiveness of ventilationMinimizing volatile organic compounds (VOCs)(US Green Building Council, n. d).
10Natural light contributes not only to the health of the home's occupants, but also reduces the need for electric lighting, especially during the day time. As a result, at least one green building program recommends that natural light should reach at least 75% of a home's interior. To increase available natural light, more windows and/or glass doors can be added to the home or existing windows can be replaced with larger ones, if space permits.(US Green Building Council, n. d).
11Students concentrate better The use of natural light through sky light and windows to complement or replace interior electric light – has become as desirable an asset as fresh air or sunshine. It is a linchpin of green building .Proper day lighting strategies are beneficial for nearly every human endeavorStudents concentrate betterWorkers are more productivepatient recover quickerStores register more sellMcGr aw- Hi l l Constr ucti on - Conti nui ng Educati on Center
12An effective day lighting Can go long way toward reducing energy cost for lighting and climate controlAn effective day lightingBut daylight is hardly a “one-size-fits-all” solution. There are many factors involved in an effective daylight design:Buildings locationDesignArchitectural elementsMechanical electrical systemsAcceptant comfort and productivityKey among these factors is the window…….McGr aw- Hi l l Constr ucti on - Conti nui ng Educati on Center
13“the window is the first line of defines for energy saving” When daylight is controlled at the window wall, the need for artificial lighting and heating, ventilation and air condition is far less.McGr aw- Hi l l Constr ucti on - Conti nui ng Educati on Center
14Adequate ventilation is essential to indoor air quality Adequate ventilation is essential to indoor air quality. To ensure plentiful fresh air, homeowners should consider the number, size and placement of windows and doors based on the home's orientation and exposure to prevailing breezes.(US Green Building Council, n. d).
15The light comes from sun wherever is above the horizon ATTENTIONIn terms of natural light there is sun light and day lightsun lightday lightThe light comes from the visible sunThe light comes from sun wherever is above the horizon(Coles, & House2007)
16CASE STUDIES OPENING DESIGN BASED ONOPENING DESIGNSustainability by opening and day lighting designVentilation
17Architect :Foster and Partners Lighting Design :Claude Engle The Reichstag, BerlinThe building rooted in four main principles:The Bundestag’s significance as a democratic forumA commitment to public accessibilityA sensitivity to historyA rigorous environmental agenda.Architect :Foster and PartnersLighting Design :Claude EngleClient :Federal Republic of GermanyThe purpose of this Case Study is to concentrate on the last of these objectives, in which day lighting is clearly a priority.Pillips, D. (2004)
18Sustainable side in the building 1. Combined heat and power generation, associated with seasonal energy storage.2. The use of biomass (rape seed oil) as a renewable energy source for the production of electricity, the result of which is a 94 per cent reduction in carbon dioxide emissions.3. Natural ventilation and natural daylight.4. Solar energy. The use of 100 solar panels on the roof, providing a peak output sufficient to drive the exhaust air ventilation system of the main plenary chamber, together with other shading devices within the dome.Pillips, D. (2004)
19One of the key aims has been to optimize the use of natural daylight throughout the building, to minimize the use of artificial lighting, thus reducing electricity consumption.The dome is crucial to the day lighting and ventilation strategies for the building.Pillips, D. (2004)
20its core is the light sculptor This reflective cone provides the solution to lighting and ventilating the chamberThe reflector is a concave faceted cone, covered with a battery of 360 angled mirrors which together form a giant Fresnel lens working like a lighthouse in reverse, directing horizontal light down to the chamberPillips, D. (2004)
21This light sculptor is a part of the ventilation system bringing air up towards the top of the dome whilst at the same time it reflects horizontal light to the chamber.The goal of the design team has been to create a building that will be energy efficient, wherever possible using natural renewable energy sources to provide maximum comfort, striving towards a more ‘sustainable architecture’.Pillips, D. (2004)
22showing side window day lighting Pillips, D. (2004)
24Section of model to illustrate the day lighting Pillips, D. (2004)
25Interior of office illustrating the artificial lighting system related to a circulation aisle Pillips, D. (2004)
26Exterior to show the application of reduced glazing and fixed louvres to southerly elevationsPillips, D. (2004)
27Orchard Learning and Resource Centre Architect :Ahrends Burton and Koralek (ABK)Engineer: Ove Arup and PartnersClient :Selly Oak Colleges, Cadbury TrustPillips, D. (2004)
28Passive solar building with natural ventilation, with the elimination of an overall air conditioning system, with the exception of certain critical areas.The day lighting strategy was designed to reduce the use of energy as far as possible.Pillips, D. (2004)
29Sketch section to show ventilation system, with windows and skylight The library open plan areas are naturally ventilated and receive daylight both from the side windows and the central atriumSketch section to show ventilation system, with windows and skylightPillips, D. (2004)
30The form of the building seen in the accompanying plans consists of three interlinked modules, with a linear skylight running the full length of the building, giving daylight through to the ground floor by what might be described as an atrium.Pillips, D. (2004)
31Architect :Allies and Morrison Engineer :Max Fordham Goldsmiths CollegeGoldsmiths CollegeArchitect :Allies and MorrisonEngineer :Max FordhamClient: Goldsmiths CollegeLocation : New CrossThe architectural response was for the facade to be predominantly glazed thereby providing a highly visible view into the open plan of the building, which should be as impressive at night as during the day.Pillips, D. (2004)
321. To overcome the practical problem of natural light entering the building and causing glare to the computer screens, control of ‘sun glare’ and reflections on to the VDUs.2. To maximize the use of daylight, not only to allow views out of the building, but also to economize on the use of electrical energy for the artificial lighting.3. To eliminate any heat gains from direct sunlight so that there should be no need for air-conditioning.Pillips, D. (2004)
33Interior view showing the layout and disposition of the computer screens Pillips, D. (2004)
34Chelsea Club and Chelsea World of Sport Architect: Fletcher PriestServices engineers: TME EngineersClient: Chelsea VillageThe Chelsea Club provides private sportsfacilities for its membersThe main spaces are Plan Section accommodated with two 3-storey blocks either side of a glazed link which brings daylight into the heart of the building and contains the central stair and glazed lift.Pillips, D. (2004)
36Serpentine Gallery Pavilion Architect: Toyo ItoEngineers and lighting designers :ArupClient: Serpentine GalleryThe purpose of the building was basically a restaurant during the day, and it is most successful in this, with views out on to Kensington Gardens, in which there is no need for artificial lighting.Pillips, D. (2004)
37Roof detail from inside Exterior with entrance ramp Interior of the restaurantDetail of the exterior wallingPillips, D. (2004)
38Architect: Chetwood Associates Sainsbury, GreenwichArchitect: Chetwood AssociatesLighting Consultants: Pinniger and PartnersClient: Sainsbury’s SupermarketsThe day lighting was achieved by an innovative roof design, incorporating eight high angled north-facing roof lights, arranged in a saw tooth pattern occupying 20 per cent of the roof area. The day lighting design results in a high daylight factor (DF) of between 5 and 9 per cent.The roof from abovePillips, D. (2004)
43this building was designed and built to accommodate the new headquarters of CREA (Engineering Council Body). The precast concrete permeable “skin” does not resemble the usual glazed institutional buildings, impervious and impermeable. Instead its transparency and lightness give the whole building qualities recommended for the modern state institutions. Inside, the patios play the main role – transparent and covered with glass panels over the main circulation areas, fully permeable over the garden and the reflective pool on the ground floor.precast concretephoto by: Leonardo Finottiphoto by: Leonardo Finotti
47Photo by:Manolo Toledo The building is intended to convey the two conditions inherent in the administration of justice.On the one hand the strength and firmness shown by the strength of the buildings geometry and structural material. Then on the other hand, transparency, enshrined in the constitution of the porous boundary walls and partitions that allow friendly and complex nuanced relationship building in an urban environment. In fact, the construction of the main facade is reminiscent of poles placed on shelves.el-ejido-andres-lopez-fernandez/
48CONCLUSIONREFERENCETo conclusion, using daylight as a sustainable factor is important in interior design. People like to have natural light in their indoor environment, but they tries to make in indirect able.Openings play important role to bring natural light into space, but their design is the most important factor.Ventilation or natural air conditioning are another factors that a well designed opening should achieve.
49REFERENCEarchdaily. (n. d.). CREA-PB Headquarters / MAPA. December 15, 2013 from the World Wide Web :archdaily. (n. d.). El Ejido Courthouse / Andrés López Fernández. December 15, 2013 from the World Wide Web : el-ejido-andres-lopez-fernandez/Coles, J., & House, N. (2007). The fundamentals of interior architecture. Switzerland: AVA Publishing SAPillips, D. (2004). Day lighting – natural light in architecture. Oxford : Architectural PressGuardian Industries. ( June.2009). Continuing Education. December 22, 2013 from the World Wide Web : www. McGraw- Hill Construction.com/Jennifer Gray . (27.May. 2010). Windows in Sustai nable Desi gn. December 18, 2013 from the World Wide Web : ndows.htmlUS Green Building Council. (n. d). innotech-windows+doors. December 18, 2013 from the World Wide Web :Woodland Building Supply. (27 June 2009). Sustainable Windows & Doors. December 18, 2013 from the World Wide Web : Products/Sustainable- Windows- and- Doors.aspx