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Engineering for Climate Change: an Overview Presented by Zeina Elali, B.Arch.Sci, LEED AP May 30, 2008 Presented at: OACETT AGM.

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Presentation on theme: "Engineering for Climate Change: an Overview Presented by Zeina Elali, B.Arch.Sci, LEED AP May 30, 2008 Presented at: OACETT AGM."— Presentation transcript:

1 Engineering for Climate Change: an Overview Presented by Zeina Elali, B.Arch.Sci, LEED AP May 30, 2008 Presented at: OACETT AGM

2 R.V. Anderson Associates Limited Civil engineering consulting for: Water/wastewater treatment Transportation Urban development Municipal servicing Architecture

3 My Role Educate myself, co-workers, clients Find ways to do existing projects ‘better’ Track new technologies Track new/changing environmental legislation Coordinating sustainability aspects of projects: ensuring planning starts at the beginning “ Sustainability Practice Leader ”

4 1.What is Sustainability 2.Designing Towards Sustainable Development 3.What Professionals can do 4.Useful Tools & Incentives

5 What is Sustainability ? – the Brundtland Report, 1987 World Commission on Environment and Development Sustainability is… “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs”

6 What is Sustainability ? Releases billions of pounds of toxic waste into air, water and soil every year Creates materials that cause concern by future generations to their quality of life Produces large amounts of waste Requires endless regulations to simply regulate the rates of damage of points above Industrial Revolution:

7 What is Sustainability ? Economic Model of the Industrial Revolution: Economic Social Environmental

8 What is Sustainability ? A Sustainable System: Cyclical

9 What is Sustainability ? The Green Shift Economic Social Environmental

10 Development of ‘Agenda 21’ at the World Summit – June 13 of 1992 representatives stood for 90% of Earth’s population. comprised single largest gathering of heads of state in history of international diplomacy What is Sustainability ?

11 Agenda 21 is best grouped in 6 topic categories: 1.The quality of life on earth 2.Efficient Use of the Earth’s Materials 3.The Protection of our Global Commons 4.The Management of Human Settlements 5.Chemicals and Management of Waste 6.Sustainable Economic Growth What is Sustainability ?

12 ‘Agenda 21… + 10’ “There were many fine achievements on paper at Rio but what has happened on the ground since Rio is all too little" -Dr Norman Myers independent conservation scientist What is Sustainability ?

13 ‘Agenda 21… + 10’ 1.2 billion people lack access to clean drinking water 35% of world's fisheries suffer from declining yields EU nations have yet to achieve waste and materials reduction targets WWF, 2003 What is Sustainability ?

14 How do we get there from here?

15 Sustainability Drivers Informed public demand Positive recognition for leaders Best long-term solution Environmental legislation Increasing prices for resources (i.e. energy, water, fuel, wood etc.)

16 Significant converging activities …in the past 7 years Best Practice Guides The Safe Drinking Water Act 2002 Regulations Reg 170/03 Reg 188/07 Sustainability Act 2002 PSAB

17 Tax, Codes, Regulations, Funding  Reward climate friendly choices  Discourage emission intensive options i.e. Public Transit tax credit – July 2006

18 Codes and Regulations:  ie. OBC strengthened to support energy efficiency Funding:  To encourage sustainable infrastructure and programs Tax, Codes, Regulations, Funding

19 Canadian Government: 2008 EcoACTION budget highlights - to ensure cleaner, healthier environment: $66 million over 2 years to set up regulatory framework for industrial air emissions $10 million over two years for research and analysis on biofuels Extending GST/HST relief to land leased to situate wind/solar-power equipment for electricity production Market for Sustainability

20 continued… $21 million over two years to make environmental law enforcement more effective $12 million over two years to enhance law enforcement within Canada’s National Parks $250 million for full-scale commercial demonstration of carbon capture and storage in the electricity sector Market for Sustainability

21 In Ontario: Government provided budget to help provinces, territories, municipalities 2007  $962 million in new and existing infrastructure Upgrade Ontario’s highway system (Hwy 407, Hwy 404, and Hwy 7 specifically) Alternatives to driving (i.e. public transit) Market for Sustainability

22 1.What is Sustainability 2.Designing Towards Sustainable Development 3.What Professionals can do 4.Useful Tools & Incentives

23 Defining Traditional Engineering In Traditional Engineering… required to solve problems they are presented with to the best of their knowledge within constraints of approval authorities within schedule and financial constraints Engineers search for methods that maximize function, and minimize cost to clients What changed?

24 Traditional Engineering: Maximizing utility while minimizing the cost to the Maximize social benefit while minimizing ecological impact Shift in Engineering Mindset: client

25 But…How do We Track Progress? SOCIAL EFFECT: Community activities, employment rates, immigration... ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES: Business growth, employment rates, inflation… ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS: - Beach closures, smog warnings, environmental contaminations, endangered wildlife… - Birth defects, death rates, severe asthma attacks… How do we track changes to these factors?

26 1.What is Sustainability 2.Designing Towards Sustainable Development 3.What Professionals can do 4.Useful Tools & Incentives

27 As Keyplayers, what can we do?

28 Be aware of issues and impacts Inherently includes well-being of environment Comply and go beyond minimum requirement Involve public and communities in decision- making Set our mindset to doing what is right Even when appears to be a more difficult process - it is a step in the right direction Must change the way people think about sustainability! Designing Towards Sustainable Development

29 Step back from “business as usual” Find ways to work with nature Lessen environmental impact Save energy, resources Build on Small Successes – piloting Spread the word - Market your capabilities to both existing and new clients Designing Towards Sustainable Development The Challenge… goes beyond just the money!

30 Design project to: Reduce material and energy use Use renewable energy resources Maximize lifespan of structure Reduce construction waste generated Reduce/eliminate hazardous waste generation Minimize maintenance and services required What Professionals Can Do

31 Most importantly… Design project to either reduce or eliminate: greenhouse gas emission Use of ozone depleting substances Key air pollutants Indoor air pollutants What Professionals Can Do

32 Consider all costs beyond $$$, including: Energy Water/sewage Chemical/materials Maintenance and operation Life span and replacement cost What Professionals Can Do

33 Sewage Treatment Plant Digester gas for energy Heat exchanger on sewage effluent Heat recirculation from transformers, blowers Irrigation using plant effluent … some examples What Professionals Can Do … in projects

34 Urban Development: Redevelopment of brownfield sites Pervious pavement in parking lots Residential cisterns Constructed wetlands and ponds What Professionals Can Do … in projects … some examples

35 Transportation: Public transit emphasis Pedestrian, bicycle friendly Animal/bird crossing culverts Reuse of materials What Professionals Can Do … in projects … some examples

36 Architectural and Building Systems: Consider sun, wind and daylight Maximize reuse of structures & materials Use natural ventilation Consider low flow toilets and urinals Consider solar systems to power outdoor lighting, i.e. parking lots, walkways Use automatic lighting controls that respond to available daylight What Professionals Can Do … in projects … some examples

37 Research and learn about new products and technologies Learn from past project experiences Stay up-to-date through: Conferences & Events Media Keep yourself up-to-date: What Professionals Can Do… to upgrade their skills

38 1.What is Sustainability 2.Designing Towards Sustainable Development 3.What Professionals can do 4.Useful Tools & Incentives

39 Implementation Tools and Drivers: Research Government funding and incentive programs Utility incentive programs Green Globes or Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Credit System (‘LEED’) Useful Tools and Incentives

40 LEED MISSION: Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Promote and accelerate adaptation of green awareness To create better buildings and communities: healthy places to live, work and play LEED Canada-NC Version 1.0 Reference Package

41 LEED Certification Process Certification LevelPoints Required LEED Certified26 to 32 LEED Silver Certified33 to 38 LEED Gold Certified39 to 51 LEED Platinum Certified52 or more Possible 70 points total

42 LEED MISSION: Credits are divided in 6 categories: Energy and Atmosphere Water Efficiency Sustainable Sites Materials and Resources Indoor Environmental Qualities Innovation and Design Process

43 LEED MISSION: INNOVATION & DESIGN PROCESS (5 POINTS) INDOOR ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY (15 POINTS) MATERIALS & RESOURCES (13 POINTS) ENERGY & ATMOSPHERE (17 POINTS) WATER EFFICIENCY (5 POINTS) SUSTAINABLE SITES (14 POINTS) 22% 7% 25% 19% 20%

44 LEED Certification Process Register project at CaGBC Submit application Draft Review by CaGBC Audit 6 Prerequisites and Credits by CaGBC LEED MISSION:

45 Benefits of LEED Projects Use less energy and water Use materials wisely Produce less waste Have longer economic lives Cost less to operate Generate less greenhouse gases and other pollutants Occupants are more comfortable Occupants are healthier and more productive

46 LEED MISSION: LEED Projects require Architects Mechanical engineers Electrical engineers Structural engineers Transportation engineers Site servicing engineers Stormwater Management engineers

47 Implementation of the LEED Design & Construction Requirements will have the following additional costs: Canada NC 1 Guide

48 Myth is that Green costs more… Cost of Green Revisited Davis Langdon July 2007

49 Myth on Green costing more Cost of Green Revisited Davis Langdon July 2007

50 The steps for staying on track include: Documentation: as early as possible and maintain it Update / Monitor Sustainability Checklist: have a clear picture of progress on sustainable goals Energy / Cost Models: Use energy and cost models as design tools Eliminating the Myth- “Green costs more”

51 Budget Pointers: NOT …“How much more will it cost?,” BUT RATHER…“How will we do this?” Ask early in the project, and considered at every step of design and construction Establish team goals, expectations & expertise Include specific goals in the Program Align budget with program Stay on track with design and construction Eliminating the Myth- “Green costs more”

52 But it’ll take a collaborative effort to get to where we need to… Owners, planners, designers, builders, educators, decision-makers, regulators, must all find means to work together towards a common goal.

53 Incentives for LEED or other sustainable projects set-up by the City of Toronto: Toronto Atmospheric Fund (TAF) Green Roof Incentive Program (GRIP) Better Buildings Partnership - New Construction (BBP-NC) First Industrial and Commercial Incentive Program (FICIP)

54 Toronto Atmospheric Fund (TAF): Finance Toronto-based initiatives that combat global climate change and improve air quality approximately $1.2 million available for grants Up to $8 million for mandate-related loans Eligibility: By a City of Toronto department Charitable organizations Not-for-profit organizations in Ontario Other public institutions (universities, schools and hospitals) All applicant must be located within City of Toronto Toronto Atmospheric Fund (TAF)

55 Green Roof Incentive Program Established to support City’s Wet Weather Flow Master Plan 2007  increased incentive to $50 per sq.m - up to $10,000 for single family homes and $100,000 for all other property Application deadline: December of every year Green Roof Incentive Program (GRIP)

56  in cooperation with Toronto Hydro to achieve energy efficiency in new buildings to qualify: design process to include energy simulation modeling to comply with CBIP program from NRCan Application made at time of building permit BBNCP will pay owner $500/peak W/m2 Gross Floor Area of building reduction in energy demand compared to MNECB design Better Buildings Program - New Construction (BBP-NC)

57 First Industrial and Commercial Incentive Program Established by Toronto's Economic Development Division Provides financial assistance to property owners Program applied to 14 designated areas across city: 320 acres total To explore opportunities and overcome challenges: contaminated soils industrial / commercial buildings requiring upgrades First Industrial and Commercial Incentive Program (FICIP)

58 SUMMARY – Sustainable Development What you can apply immediately: Develop a sustainability checklist on projects Recommend sustainable solutions to clients Adhere to sustainability principles in your work Use Sustainability resources “The world will not evolve past its current state of crisis by using the same thinking that created the situation.” Albert Einstein

59 Ponder this… If not us, then who? If not now, then when? If not this way, then how?

60 Thank you! "Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed individuals can change the world; indeed, it's the only thing that ever has." Margaret Mead


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