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Safe, Successful and Sustainable Laboratories Queen’s University, Belfast - Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology MALCOLM MCLEAN, DIRECTOR BOSWELL.

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Presentation on theme: "Safe, Successful and Sustainable Laboratories Queen’s University, Belfast - Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology MALCOLM MCLEAN, DIRECTOR BOSWELL."— Presentation transcript:

1 Safe, Successful and Sustainable Laboratories Queen’s University, Belfast - Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology MALCOLM MCLEAN, DIRECTOR BOSWELL MITCHELL & JOHNSTON, ARCHITECTS The Architect’s Perspective

2 Safe, Successful and Sustainable Laboratories Queen’s University, Belfast - Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology Scope of This Presentation Some Background to BMJ -Our Experience on Laboratories - Generally & at Queen’s Fundamentals of the CCRCB Building’s Design -Layout, Structure, Services Distribution etc Measures Adopted to Facilitate Future Change The Passive Sustainability Measures Adopted -Zoning, Natural Ventilation & Daylight The Category 3 Containment Suite -Design and Procurement The Active Sustainability Measures Will be Covered by Subsequent Speakers

3 Safe, Successful and Sustainable Laboratories Queen’s University, Belfast - Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology Founded in Glasgow in 1911 Offices in Glasgow, London & Belfast Now has it’s Fourth Generation of Partners/Directors Current Staff Total of Approximately 70 Specialising in the Education, Research & Health Sectors Currently working for 13 Universities Throughout the UK Many Frameworks including MRC UK National Framework Extensive Experience in Complex Highly Serviced Buildings -Including Many Laboratory Projects Boswell Mitchell & Johnston, Architects

4 Safe, Successful and Sustainable Laboratories Queen’s University, Belfast - Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology Queen’s Medical Research Institute, University of Edinburgh -Construction Cost : £43M -Completion Date : August 2005 Cardiovascular & Biomedical Research Centres, University of Glasgow -Construction Cost : £26.7M -Completion Date : January 2006 -Scottish Power Energy Award Physics & Chemistry Research Laboratory Building, University of Warwick -Construction Cost : £17M -Completion Due : August 2011 -BREEAM Rating of “Excellent” (76%) New Medical Laboratories at Southern General Hospital, Glasgow -Construction Cost : £74M -Completion Due : January 2012 -BREEAM Rating of “Excellent” (70%+) Some Recent and Current Laboratory Buildings

5 Safe, Successful and Sustainable Laboratories Queen’s University, Belfast - Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology -Construction Cost : £9.2M -Completion Date : June 2007 -Our First Project at Queen’s University, Belfast Medical Biology Centre, Health Sciences Campus -Refurbishments-Expansion -Construction Cost : £7M-Construction Cost : £5M -Completion Date : August 2008-Completion Due: April 2011 Vascular Biology Refurbishments, Royal Victoria Hospital -Construction Cost : £2.6M -Completion Due : December 2009 Health Sciences New Building, Health Sciences Campus - Phase I : - Phase II : - Construction Cost : £4.5M - Construction Cost : £4.2M - Completion Date : January 2009 - Completion Due : August 2010 Some Recent and Current Laboratories at Queen’s University, Belfast

6 Safe, Successful and Sustainable Laboratories Queen’s University, Belfast - Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology Malcolm McLean 40 Years with BMJ Architects Since 1969 Director - Based in BMJ’s Glasgow Office Specialises in University & Medical Research Buildings Ongoing and Completed Projects of This Type Throughout the UK - Scotland, Northern Ireland and London Area Director in Charge of the CCRCB Lab Building at Queen’s -From Inception to Completion

7 Safe, Successful and Sustainable Laboratories Queen’s University, Belfast - Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology Queen’s University Belfast’s Vision for the Project A High Quality Building -To Attract and Retain World Class Researchers A High Quality Working Environment -To Encourage Production of World Class Research Work Maximum Opportunities for Collaboration & Interaction -Break Down the Barriers Between Staff in Different Areas Generic Flexible Space which Facilitates Future Change A Co-Identity and Best Possible Linkage with The Northern Ireland Cancer Treatment Centre HEALTH SCIENCES CAMPUS CCRCB BELFAST CITY HOSPITAL Jubilee Road Lisburn Road THE NORTHERN IRELAND CANCER TREATMENT CENTRE

8 Safe, Successful and Sustainable Laboratories Queen’s University, Belfast - Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology Site Context On the edge of the University’s Health Sciences Campus Adjacent to Belfast City Hospital Very Constrained and Awkward Shaped Site Semi-concealed with No Road Frontage Surrounded by a Variety of Building Types -Low Rise & High Rise Residential -Old semi-Redundant Hospital Buildings -Newer University Teaching & Research Buildings THE NORTHERN IRLELAND CANCER TREATMENT CENTRE CCRCB UNIVERSITY HEALTH SCIENCES CAMPUS BELFAST CITY HOSPITAL

9 Safe, Successful and Sustainable Laboratories Queen’s University, Belfast - Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology Outline of The Project Design Work Commenced : January 2004 Construction Started : September 2005 Main Building Handover : June 2007 External Works Completed : September 2007 Gross Internal Floor Area : 4,800m 2 -Primary37% -Secondary18% -Tertiary15% -Balance30% Final Construction Cost : £9.2M Cost per m 2 : £1,916

10 Safe, Successful and Sustainable Laboratories Queen’s University, Belfast - Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology The User Briefing Process Fundamental to the Success of This Project -And Absolutely Every Laboratory Project Very Thorough and Close Dialogue with the University/Users Outline Briefing at RIBA Stage C -To Identify All the Accommodation & Relationships Detail Briefing at RIBA Stage D -To Identify the Detail Requirements for Every Area -Crucial That the Services Engineers were Fully Involved Full Brief Communicated and Agreed with Everyone -Very Detailed Structured Question & Answer Schedules -Detailed Layout Drawings of Every Area

11 Safe, Successful and Sustainable Laboratories Queen’s University, Belfast - Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology Design Layout Principles - Building Plan Plan Layout is Driven by the Wedge Shaped Site Two Blocks with a Central Wedge Shaped Atrium Shallow Plan “Dry Block” with Research / Admin Offices -Naturally Ventilated -PI Offices and Write-Up Areas Separate from Labs Deeper Plan “Wet Block” with Generic Laboratories -Mechanically Ventilated -Main Labs on Perimeter for Views and Daylight -Secondary Support Labs in Core Areas Central Atrium - Extends Through the Full Length of Every Floor

12 Safe, Successful and Sustainable Laboratories Queen’s University, Belfast - Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology Design Layout Principles - Building Section Services Plant Space at Roof Level on Wet Block Four Above-Ground Floors of Labs & Offices -Generic Repetitive Layouts Basement Floor Providing Support Facilities -Support Labs, Stores & Lecture Room Potential Future Bridge Links to Adjacent Buildings Central Atrium -Extends From Ground Floor to Roof Level -A Major Focus, Externally & Internally

13 Safe, Successful and Sustainable Laboratories Queen’s University, Belfast - Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology Central Atrium - Expressed Externally Atrium Wedge is Carried Through Both End Elevations -Expressed as Projecting Full Height Glazed Features The Large Front Projection (Facing North to Jubilee Road) -Angled in Plan & Tilted Outwards to the Top -Draws Visitors Towards the Main Entrance Below -Houses Meeting Rooms & the Director’s Suite Behind It The Small Rear Projection (Facing North) -Simple Straight Full Height Bay Window -Signals the Building From Lisburn Road -Houses Informal Meeting Areas Behind It Wedge Shaped Glazed Light on the Roof

14 Safe, Successful and Sustainable Laboratories Queen’s University, Belfast - Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology Central Atrium - Highlighted Internally Full Height Daylight Space -A Bright & Simulating Focus In the Building -Brings Natural Light Into the Building Interior -Helps Break Down Barriers Between Floors Accommodates the Main Stair & Circulation Routes -Fosters Informal Contact Between Researchers -Helps Generate A Sense of Community Glazed Screens to Offices & Windows to Secondary Labs -Provides Some Borrowed Daylight Into These Rooms -Provides Stimulating Views Out From Them -Provides Views Into the Working Areas

15 Safe, Successful and Sustainable Laboratories Queen’s University, Belfast - Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology The Building Structure Steel Frame over Plant Rooms at Roof Level In-Situ Reinforced Concrete Frame & Slabs Thick Flat Slab Floors -High Thermal Mass & Good Vibration Resistance No Internal Downstand Beams -Keeps Temporary Shuttering Simple -Facilitates Services Distribution Facility for Future Link Bridges to Adjacent Buildings Reinforced Concrete Raft Foundation Slab -Excavations Reused As Fill Locally

16 Safe, Successful and Sustainable Laboratories Queen’s University, Belfast - Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology Design to Accommodate Future Flexibility Generic Modular Layout of Laboratories and Offices -To Accommodate Needs of Initial Users and Future Users Repetitive Modular Floor Plans -Including Specialist Secondary Laboratories Main Fixed Vertical Elements are Located at the Periphery -Stairs -Lifts -Vertical Ducts

17 Safe, Successful and Sustainable Laboratories Queen’s University, Belfast - Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology Services Integration - Internally Carefully Considered From Early Concept Design Stage Linear Roof Plant Room Along the Wet Block Two Main Vertical Duct Enclosures At Each End -Peripheral Location Facilitates Future Flexibility -Access is From Circulation Spaces Outwith the Labs Small Pipework Ducts Located Around the Perimeter All Horizontal Services Strictly Contained Within Each Floor -No Vertical Services Penetrations Except at Ducts -Facilitates Future Modifications Without Disturbance To Other Areas Above and Below

18 Safe, Successful and Sustainable Laboratories Queen’s University, Belfast - Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology Services Integration - Roof Level Many Fume Cupboard and Safety Cabinet Extract Flues -All Had to Discharge Well Above Roof Level -Adjacent Much Higher Buildings, Including Residential -Safe Height for Discharge Confirmed by CFD Analysis Simulating All Different Wind Conditions All Flues are Housed in Two Graceful Funnels on the Roof -Included at Early Design and Costing Stage -Carefully Designed and Integrated With the Roof Plantroom -Provides an Interesting Roofscape From Ground and High Levels Spare Flues for Future Use Were Incorporated in the Funnels -Minimal Additional Cost -Greatly Facilitated Subsequent Additions

19 Safe, Successful and Sustainable Laboratories Queen’s University, Belfast - Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology Category III Containment Suite - Design Principles Accessed Directly From A Main Laboratory -Provides Good Level of Basic Safety and Security -Can be Used for Tissue Culture When No Need for CAT III Simple Passive Ventilation System -All Supply Air is Drawn From the Main Laboratory -All Air Extract is Through Safety Cabinet Fans and Filters - Simple Set-Up Avoids Any Possibility of Positive Pressure -No Separate Ventilation Supply & Extract System -No Complicated Controls -Big Savings in Capital and Running Costs 

20 Safe, Successful and Sustainable Laboratories Queen’s University, Belfast - Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology Category III Containment Suite - Procurement Principles Separate Turnkey Package for The Whole Installation -Room Fabric, Safety Cabinets/Extracts & Autoclave -Set Up As A Contractor Design Portion -Based on a Detailed Performance Specification -Approved Specialist Sub-Contractors were Named Single Point of Responsibility for the Whole Suite -Provided by The Single Specialist Sub-Contractor -Main Contractor Co-ordinated the Specialist Package into the Execution of the Whole Contract

21 Safe, Successful and Sustainable Laboratories Queen’s University, Belfast - Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology Key Issues of the Success of the Project THE RIGHT PEOPLE A Design & Construction Team with Proven Relevant Experience Initiative of the University Project Manager Throughout -Co-ordinating the University Input & Making Quick Decisions Involvement of the CCRCB Laboratory Manager From the Outset -A Single Point of Co-ordination for All the User Requirements WORK AT THE EARLY STAGES The Time Invested Early in Very Thorough Briefing The Early Agreement of All Key Strategies for the Building Ensuring Early Designs & Costs Were Fully Comprehensive WORK AT CONSTRUCTION STAGE Thorough Management and Monitoring -Quality, Progress, Cost & Change Control -Procurement, Co-ordination & Commissioning


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