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1 Rules for Flaggers WAC 296-155-305. 2 “Flagger” “A person who provides temporary traffic control.” –Definition straight from MUTCD Definition.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Rules for Flaggers WAC 296-155-305. 2 “Flagger” “A person who provides temporary traffic control.” –Definition straight from MUTCD Definition."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Rules for Flaggers WAC

2 2 “Flagger” “A person who provides temporary traffic control.” –Definition straight from MUTCD Definition

3 3 M.U.T.C.D. Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices  Read it on the web: tions/mutcd.htm tions/mutcd.htm Definition Where to obtain a copy

4 4 General Requirements When flaggers are used, employers must First, apply the requirements of Then, set up & use temporary traffic control per MUTCD Click here to understand full text of Subparagraph (1)(a) Click here to Read WISHA’s Enforcement Policy

5 5 Training “Job site workers with specific traffic control responsibilities must be trained in…” – Traffic control techniques – Device usage – …and placement Click here to read full text of Subparagraph (1)(b)

6 6 “When to use flaggers” a.“Flaggers are to be used only when other reasonable …methods will not adequately control traffic…” b.“If signs [etc.] do not provide necessary protection…..you must use flaggers….” Click here to read full text of Subparagraphs (2)(a) & (b)

7 7 Sign Paddles Flagger signaling must be done with sign paddles Click here to read full text of Subparagraph (3)(a)

8 8 Sign paddles must comply with MUTCD At least 18” inches in diameter Printed with letters at least 6” high “STOP” in white letters on red background “SLOW” in black letters on orange background Click here to read full text of Subparagraph (3)(b)

9 9 During Periods of Darkness Paddles must be retroreflective or Illuminated in the same manner as signs Click here to read full text of Subparagraph (3)(c) The definition of “hours of darkness”

10 10 Sign Paddles Flagger signaling must be done with sign paddles Flags no longer acceptable except for emergency situations. Click here to read full text of Subparagraph (3)(d)

11 11 Vehicles Approaching from Behind Either position flaggers so they’re not exposed to such traffic Or ensure flaggers have adequate visual warning Click here to read full text of Subparagraph (4)

12 12 Examples of methods to adequately warn or protect flaggers Thanks to Pacific Road & Bridge Company “Jersey” barriers” Spotter Mirror on hardhat Read “Note” in Subparagraph (4)

13 13 High-Visibility Garments for Flaggers During daylight hours Read details in Subparagraph (5)(a)

14 14 High-Visibility Garments for Flaggers During hours of darkness Read details in Subparagraph (5)(b) “Retroreflectivity”

15 15 High-Visibility Garments for Flaggers During hours of darkness – when snow or fog limit visibility Read details in Subparagraph (5)(c) Reflective tapes

16 16 Flagger Training Each flagger must have a valid flagger card in their possession. Includes details about flagger’s training Read details in Subparagraph (6)

17 17 Exemption to Flagger Training Requirement In emergency situations only, a person without flagger training may be temporarily assigned duties as a flagger.emergency Read Exemption to Subparagraph (6)

18 18 Flagger Orientation and Traffic Control Plan Flagger must have an orientation for each new project, or when job site conditions change significantly Read required content for orientation in Subparagraph (7)(a)

19 19 Site specific traffic control plan required when a job will last more than one day Flagger Orientation and Traffic Control Plan Read required content for traffic control plan in Subparagraph (7)(b)

20 20 Advance Warning Signs Signs A three sign sequence below 45 mphsign Four sign sequence 45 and abovesign Read Subparagraph (8)(a)

21 21 Signs Table 1 – ( WSDOT assigned speed to type of road)

22 22 * Single Asterisk * “All spacing may be adjusted to accommodate interchange ramps, at-grade intersections & driveways.”

23 23 ** Double Asterisk ** Figures for distance between advance warning signs Figure 1 shows situation typical for roadways with limits under 45 mph.

24 24 *** Triple Asterisk *** Spacing may be reduced in urban areas to fit roadway conditions

25 25 When flagger moves with the operation Mobile Flagging Operation Read exemption to Subparagraph (8)

26 26 Employers, Contractors, Owners Must Provide a Safe Job Site for Flaggers… Flagger stations are far enough ahead of the work space – Details in Table 2Table 2 Read Subparagraph (9)(a)

27 27 Where Flaggers Must Stand Shoulder or closed lane –OSHA/WISHA say “must” Exception: when road users have stopped What is a “closed lane”? Read Subparagraph (9)(b)

28 28 Floodlight Placement Flagger workstations must be illuminated during hours of darkness by floodlights –except for emergencies –floodlights must not create a glare for drivers Read Subparagraph (9)(c)

29 29 Flaggers must not be assigned other duties while engaged in flagging activities Read Subparagraph (9)(d)

30 30 Flaggers must not use devices which may distract the vision, hearing or attention Cell phones Pagers Radios Headphones Read Subparagraph (9)(e)

31 31 Flaggers must receive appropriate breaks At least 10 minutes for each four hours of working time As near as possible to the midpoint of the work period No more than 3 hours work without a rest period Read Subparagraph (9)(f)

32 32 Barricades Only thing added was reference to the MUTCD MUTCD

33 33 It’s not about the rules. It’s about people’s lives!!

34 34 End of Presentation The following slides are text from the standard. Click here to exit

35 35 WRD Clarifies how to combine & enforce WAC and the MUTCD Link to WRD on the Web Return to previous slide

36 36 You may purchase copies of the MUTCD by writing to: US Government Printing Office Superintendent of Documents Mail Stop: SSOP Washington DC Or log on to: https://www.transportation.org/publications/bo okstore.nsf/Home?OpenForm https://www.transportation.org/publications/bo okstore.nsf/Home?OpenForm Return to the program Return to the text of the paragraph you were reading

37 37 ANSI/ISEA is available by: Purchasing copies by writing: – American National Standards Institute 11 West 42 nd Street New York, NY or –Contacting the ANSI website at Reading a copy at any Washington state library Return to previous slide

38 38 Text of WAC (1)(a) When flaggers are used, employers must first apply the requirements of this section. Then you must set up and use temporary traffic controls according to the guidelines and recommendations in Part VI of the MUTCD. Return to the program Read the text of paragraph 1b

39 39 Text of WAC (1)(b) Job site workers with specific traffic control responsibilities must be trained in traffic control techniques, device usage, and placement Return to the program

40 40 Text of WAC (2)(a) Flaggers are to be used only when other reasonable traffic control methods will not adequately control traffic in the work zone. Return to the program Read the text of paragraph 2b

41 41 Text of WAC (2)(b) If signs, signals, and barricades do not provide necessary protection from traffic at work zones and construction sites on or adjacent to a highway or street, then you must use flaggers or other appropriate traffic controls. Return to the program

42 42 Text of WAC (3)(a) & (b) (a)Flagger signaling must be with sign paddles approved by WSDOT and conform to guidelines and recommendations of MUTCD. (b)Sign paddles must comply with the requirements of the MUTCD. Return to the program Read the text of paragraph 3c

43 43 Text of WAC (3)(c) (c) When flagging is done during periods of darkness, sign paddles must be retroreflective or illuminated in the same manner as signs.during periods of darkness Return to the program Read the text of paragraph 3d

44 44 Text of WAC (3)(d) (d) During emergency situations, red flags, meeting the specifications of the MUTCD, may be used to draw a driver’s attention to particularly hazardous conditions. In nonemergency situations, a red flag may be held in a flagger’s free hand to supplement the use of a sign paddle.emergency situations Return to the program

45 45 Text of WAC (4) (Slide 1 of 3) Adequate warning of approaching vehicles. Employers must: Position work zone flaggers so they are not exposed to traffic or equipment approaching them from behind. –If this is not possible, then the employer, responsible contractor, and/or project owner must develop and use a method to ensure that flaggers have adequate visual warning of traffic and equipment approaching from behind. Return to the program Read the next part of Paragraph (4)

46 46 NOTE: The following are some optional examples of methods that may be used to adequately warn or protect flaggers. – Mount a mirror on the flagger’s hard hat – Use an observer – Use “jersey” barriers Return to the program Text of WAC (4) (Slide 2 of 3) Read the NOTE in Paragraph (4)

47 47 NOTE (part 2) The department recognizes the importance of adequately trained flaggers and supports industry efforts to improve the quality of flagger training. However, training alone is not sufficient to comply with the statutory requirement of revising flagger safety standards to improve options available that ensure flagger safety and that flaggers have adequate visual warning of objects approaching them from behind. Return to the program Text of WAC (4) (Slide 3 of 3)

48 48 Text of WAC (5)(a) (Slide 1 of 3) While flagging during daylight hours, a flagger must at least wear, as an outer garment: A high-visibility safety garment designed according to Class 2 specifications in ANSI/ISEA , American National Standard for High-Visibility Safety Apparel. Class 2 Consisting on at least 775 square inches of background material that are fluorescent yellow-green, fluorescent orange-red, or fluorescent red in color; and 201 square inches of retroreflective material that encircles the torso and is placed to provide 360 degrees visibility around the flagger. Return to the program Read the next part of Paragraph (5)(a)

49 49 Text of WAC (5)(a) (Slide 2 of 3) While flagging during daylight hours, a flagger must at least wear, as an outer garment: [requirements of previous slide] A high visibility hard hat that is white, yellow, yellow-green, orange or red in color Return to the program Read the last part of Paragraph (5)(a)

50 50 Text of WAC (5)(a) (Slide 3 of 3) NOTE: A high-visibility garment meets Class 2 specifications if the garment: –Meets the requirements above or –Has an ANSI “Class 2” label Return to the program Return to previous slide

51 51 Text of WAC (5)(b) (Slide 1 of 4) While flagging during hours of darkness, a flagger must at least wear, as an outer garment:during hours of darkness A high-visibility safety garment designed according to Class 2 specifications in ANSI/ISEA Consisting on at least 775 square inches of background material that are fluorescent yellow-green, fluorescent orange-red, or fluorescent red in color; and 201 square inches of retroreflective material that encircles the torso and is placed to provide 360 degrees visibility around the flagger. Return to the program Read the next part of Paragraph (5)(b)

52 52 Text of WAC (5)(b) (Slide 2 of 4) While flagging during hours of darkness, a flagger must at least wear, as an outer garment:during hours of darkness [requirements of the previous slide] White coveralls, or other coveralls or trousers that have retroreflective banding on the legs designed according to ANSI/ISEA standards. Return to the program Read the next part of Paragraph (5)(b)

53 53 Text of WAC (5)(b) (Slide 3 of 4) While flagging during hours of darkness, a flagger must at least wear, as an outer garment:during hours of darkness [requirements of the previous two slides] When snow or fog limit visibility, pants, coveralls, or rain gear, meeting these additional requirements must be worn: –In a highly visible color –With retroreflective banding on the legs; –Designed according to ANSI/ISEA Return to the program Read the next part of Paragraph (5)(b)

54 54 Text of WAC (5)(b) (Slide 4 of 4) While flagging during hours of darkness, a flagger must at least wear, as an outer garment:during hours of darkness [requirements of the previous three slides] A high visibility hard hat: –Marked with at least 12 square inches of retroreflective material applied to provide 360 degrees of visibility. Return to the program

55 55 Text of WAC (6)(a) Flagger Training. Employers must make sure that: Each flagger has in their possession: A valid Washington traffic control flagger card; or A valid flagger card from a state such as: Oregon Idaho Montana; or Other states having a flagger training reciprocity agreement with Washington Return to the program Read the text of paragraph (6)(b)

56 56 Text of WAC (6)(b) Flagger Training. Employers must make sure that: (b) The flagger card shows the following: Verification that the flagger training required is completed; Date the flagger received their flagger training; Name of the instructor providing the flagger training; Name of the state that issued the flagger card; The card’s expiration date, not to exceed three years from the date of issuance; and The flagger’s picture or a statement that says “valid with photo ID.” Return to the program Read the text of paragraph (6)(c)

57 57 Text of WAC (6)(c) Flagger Training. Employers must make sure that: (c) Flagger training is based upon the MUTCD.MUTCD Exemption: Personnel that have not completed a flagger training course may be assigned duties as flaggers only during emergencies. Emergency assignments are temporary and last only until a certified flagger can be put into the position. Emergency Return to the program

58 58 Text of WAC (7)(a) Flagger orientation and traffic control plan. (Slide 1 of 2) The employer, responsible contractor or project owner must conduct an orientation that familiarizes the flagger with the job site. This requirement applies each time the flagger is assigned to a new project or when job site conditions change significantly. Return to the program Read the rest of paragraph (7)(a)

59 59 Text of WAC (7)(a) Flagger orientation and traffic control plan. (Slide 2 of 2) The orientation must, include but is not limited to: The flagger’s role and location on the job site; Motor vehicle and equipment in operation at the site; Job site traffic patterns; Communications and signals to be used between flaggers and equipment operators; On-foot escape route; and Other hazards specific to the job site. Return to the program Read paragraph (7)(b)

60 60 Text of WAC (7)(b) Flagger orientation and traffic control plan. (Slide 1 of 2) If flaggers are used on a job that will last more than one day, then the employer, responsible contractor and/or project owner must keep on- site, a current site specific traffic control plan. The purpose of this plan is to help move traffic through or around the construction zone in a way that protects the safety of the traveling public, pedestrians and workers. Return to the program Read the rest of paragraph (7)(b)

61 61 Text of WAC (7)(b) Flagger orientation and traffic control plan. (Slide 2 of 2) The plan must include, but is not limited to, the following items when they are appropriate: Sign use and placement; Application and removal of pavement markings; Construction; Scheduling; Methods and devices for delineation and channelization; Placement and maintenance of devices; Placement of flaggers; Roadway lighting; Traffic regulations; and Surveillance and inspection. Return to the program

62 62 Text of WAC (8) Advance warning signs. (a)Employers must provide the following on all flagging operations: A three sign advance warning sequence on all roadways with a speed limit below 45 mph. A four sign advance warning sequence on all roadways with a 45 mph or higher speed limit. Return to the program Read paragraph (8)(b)

63 63 Text of WAC (8) Advance warning signs. (b) Warning signs must reflect the actual condition of the work zone. When not in use, warning signs must either be taken down or covered. (c) Employers must make sure to follow Table 1 for spacing of advance warning sign placement. Return to the program View Table 1 See “Exemption”

64 64 Return to previous slide See “Exemption”See Figure 1, per double asterisk

65 65 In a mobile flagging operation, as defined by the MUTCD when a flagger is moving with the operation, the “flagger ahead (symbol or text)” sign must be: Within 1,500 feet of the flagger; and The flagger station must be seen from the sign If terrain does not allow a motorist to see the flagger from the “flagger ahead” sign, the distance between the flagger and the sign must be shortened to allow visual contact, but in no case can the distance be less than the distance specified in Table 1, Advanced Warning Sign Placement. Return to the program “Exemption” Following Paragraph 305(8) Return “Mobile Flagging Operation”

66 66 Return to the program Return to previous slide Figure 1 – per **

67 67 Text of WAC (9) Providing a safe job site for flaggers. Employers, responsible contractors and/or project owners must make sure that: (a) Flagger stations are located far enough in advance of the work space so that the approaching road users will have sufficient distance to stop before entering the work space. Follow Table 2 for the distance of the flagger workstation in advance of the work spaceroad users Table 2 Return to the program Read paragraph (9)(b)

68 68 Return to the program Return to paragraph (9)(a) Read paragraph (9)(b) * Posted speed, off-peak 85 th percentile speed prior to work starting or the anticipated operating speed. ** This spacing may be reduced to fit roadway and worksite conditions. Distances greater than those listed in the table are acceptable.

69 69 Text of WAC (9) Providing a safe job site for flaggers. Employers, responsible contractors and/or project owners must make sure that: (b) Flaggers stand either on the shoulder adjacent to the road user being controlled or in the closed lane prior to stopping lane users. A flagger must only stand in the lane being used by moving road users after road users have stopped.road user Return to the program Read paragraph (9)(c)

70 70 Text of WAC (9) Providing a safe job site for flaggers. Employers, responsible contractors and/or project owners must make sure that: (c) Flagger workstations are illuminated during hours of darkness by floodlights that do not create glare that poses a hazard for drivers.hours of darkness NOTE: To identify potential glare, observe the lighted area from various directions and angles on the main roadway after initial floodlight setup. Return to the program Read paragraph (9)(d) “Exemption” to (9)(c)

71 71 EmergencyEmergency situations are exempt from these illumination requirements. Return to the program “Exemption” Following Paragraph 305(9)(c) Return to text of paragraph (9)(c) Read paragraph (9)(d)

72 72 Text of WAC (9) Providing a safe job site for flaggers. Employers, responsible contractors and/or project owners must make sure that : (d) Flaggers are not assigned other duties while engaged in flagging activities. Return to the program Read paragraph (9)(e)

73 73 Text of WAC (9) Providing a safe job site for flaggers. Employers, responsible contractors and/or project owners must make sure that : (e) Flaggers do not use devices that may distract the flagger’s vision, hearing, or attention. Examples of these devices include cell phones, pagers, radios, and headphones. Devices such as two-way radios used for communications between flaggers to direct traffic or ensure flagger safety are acceptable Return to the program Read paragraph (9)(f)

74 74 Text of WAC (9) Providing a safe job site for flaggers. Employers, responsible contractors and/or project owners must make sure that : (f) Flaggers receive a rest period of at least ten minutes, on the employer’s time, for each four hours of working time. Rest periods must be scheduled as near as possible to the midpoint of the work period. A flagger must not be allowed to work more than three hours without a rest period Return to the program Read “Exemption” to paragraph (9)(f)

75 75 Scheduled rest periods are not required where the nature of the work allows a flagger to take intermittent rest periods equivalent to ten minutes for each four hours worked. Return to the program “Exemption” Following Paragraph 305(9)(f) Return to paragraph (9)(f)

76 76 Employers must make sure that barricades used for the protection of employees meet the requirements of Part VI of the MUTCD. Text of WAC Barricades Barricades Return to the program Definition of “Barricade”

77 77 Barricade Barricade means an obstruction to deter the passage of persons or vehicles. Definition Return to previous slide

78 78 WRD Traffic Control and Flagging Operations See es/PDFs/WRD2720.pdf es/PDFs/WRD2720.pdf

79 79 “Hours of Darkness” WAC (5)(b) “For the purpose of this rule, “hours of darkness” means one- half hour before sunset and one- half hour after sunrise.” Definition Return to previous slide

80 80 “Emergency” “For the purpose of this rule, ‘emergency’ means an unforeseen occurrence endangering life, limb, or property.” Return to previous slide Definition

81 81 Road User Road user means a vehicle operator, bicyclist, or pedestrian within a public roadway, including workers in temporary traffic control zones. Definition Return to previous slide

82 82 Signs Signs are the warnings of hazard, temporarily or permanently affixed or placed, at locations where hazards exist. Definition Return to previous slide

83 83 Signals Signals are moving signs, provided by workers, such as flaggers, or by devices such as flashing lights, to warn of possible or existing hazards. Definition Return to previous slide

84 84 Advance Warning Area Transition Area Buffer Space Work Space Definitions Return to previous slide


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