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PRS Slides for PowerPoint Chap 4 Consciousness: Sleep, Dreams, Hypnosis, and Drugs Copyright © Pearson Education, 2009.

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Presentation on theme: "PRS Slides for PowerPoint Chap 4 Consciousness: Sleep, Dreams, Hypnosis, and Drugs Copyright © Pearson Education, 2009."— Presentation transcript:

1 PRS Slides for PowerPoint Chap 4 Consciousness: Sleep, Dreams, Hypnosis, and Drugs Copyright © Pearson Education, 2009

2 Definitional and Application Slides 2 Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education

3 3 All of the following are altered states of consciousness EXCEPT: 1.Sleep 2.Drug use 3.Hypnosis 4.Waking consciousness 5.Meditation LO 4.1 Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education

4 4 All of the following are altered states of consciousness EXCEPT: 1.Sleep 2.Drug use 3.Hypnosis 4.Waking consciousness (p. 137) 5.Meditation LO 4.1 Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education

5 5 Body temperature is affected by the circadian cycle in which way? 1.Body temperature increases at night. 2.Body temperature decreases at night. 3.Body temperature remains stable throughout the day. 4.Body temperature decreases when the body is at its highest level of alertness. 5.Body temperature is lowest in mid-afternoon, explaining why people often experience sleepiness during this time of day. LO 4.2 Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education

6 6 Body temperature is affected by the circadian cycle in which way? 1.Body temperature increases at night. 2.Body temperature decreases at night. (p. 138) 3.Body temperature remains stable throughout the day. 4.Body temperature decreases when the body is at its highest level of alertness. 5.Body temperature is lowest in mid-afternoon, explaining why people often experience sleepiness during this time of day. LO 4.2 Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education

7 7 What section of the brain instructs the pineal gland to release melatonin as nighttime approaches and daylight decreases? 1.Suprachiasmatic nucleus 2.Hippocampus 3.Thalamus 4.Endocrine system 5.Cerebellum LO 4.2 Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education

8 8 What section of the brain instructs the pineal gland to release melatonin as nighttime approaches and daylight decreases? 1.Suprachiasmatic nucleus (p. 138) 2.Hippocampus 3.Thalamus 4.Endocrine system 5.Cerebellum LO 4.2 Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education

9 9 Prolonged sleep deprivation (e.g., longer than 24 hours) can lead to all of the following EXCEPT: 1.Depression 2.Inattention 3.Irritability 4.Hyperactivity 5.Unnecessary risk-taking LO 4.2 Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education

10 10 Prolonged sleep deprivation (e.g., longer than 24 hours) can lead to all of the following EXCEPT: 1.Depression 2.Inattention 3.Irritability 4.Hyperactivity (p. 139) 5.Unnecessary risk-taking LO 4.2 Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education

11 11 The stage of sleep that is characterized by sleep spindles, or sudden bursts of electrical activity in the brain, is called: 1.Stage 1 sleep 2.Stage 2 sleep 3.Stage 3 sleep 4.Stage 4 sleep 5.REM sleep LO 4.3 Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education

12 12 The stage of sleep that is characterized by sleep spindles, or sudden bursts of electrical activity in the brain, is called: 1.Stage 1 sleep 2.Stage 2 sleep (p. 143) 3.Stage 3 sleep 4.Stage 4 sleep 5.REM sleep LO 4.3 Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education

13 13 What stage of sleep is often associated with dreaming, and during which the body enters a state of paralysis to prevent a person from acting out on their dreams? 1.Stage 1 2.Stage 2 3.Stage 3 4.Stage 4 5.REM sleep LO 4.3 Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education

14 14 What stage of sleep is often associated with dreaming, and during which the body enters a state of paralysis to prevent a person from acting out on their dreams? 1.Stage 1 2.Stage 2 3.Stage 3 4.Stage 4 5.REM sleep (p. 144) LO 4.3 Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education

15 15 ___________ is a sleep disorder in which a person slips directly into REM sleep during the day and finds it difficult to stay awake while performing activities, such as driving a car. 1.Insomnia 2.Sleep apnea 3.REM behavior disorder 4.Narcolepsy 5.Night terrors LO 4.4 Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education

16 16 ___________ is a sleep disorder in which a person slips directly into REM sleep during the day and finds it difficult to stay awake while performing activities, such as driving a car. 1.Insomnia 2.Sleep apnea 3.REM behavior disorder 4.Narcolepsy (p. 148) 5.Night terrors LO 4.7 Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education

17 17 According to the ________________, a dream is the brain’s attempt to make sense of, or provide an explanation for, random signals emitted from the brainstem during sleep. 1.activation synthesis hypothesis 2.psychoanalytic theory 3.the activation-information-mode model (AIM) 4.adaptive theory 5.restorative theory LO 4.5 Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education

18 18 According to the ________________, a dream is the brain’s attempt to make sense of, or provide an explanation for, random signals emitted from the brainstem during sleep. 1.activation synthesis hypothesis (p. 150-151) 2.psychoanalytic theory 3.the activation-information-mode model (AIM) 4.adaptive theory 5.restorative theory LO 4.5 Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education

19 19 Which of the following is TRUE of hypnosis? 1.It provides people with supernatural strength that they would not have if not hypnotized. 2.It helps to recover reliable memories of past experiences, and therefore is used among police departments- for example, in cases of child abuse reported years later by adults. 3.It can reduce the pain associated with surgery and giving birth. 4.It helps people regress back to the childhood years. 5.It makes people commit immoral acts that they would not normally. LO 4.6 Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education

20 20 Which of the following is TRUE of hypnosis? 1.It provides people with supernatural strength that they would not have if not hypnotized. 2.It helps to recover reliable memories of past experiences, and therefore is used among police departments- for example, in cases of child abuse reported years later by adults. 3.It can reduce the pain associated with surgery and giving birth. (p. 154 – Table 4.3) 4.It helps people regress back to the childhood years. 5.It makes people commit immoral acts that they would not normally. LO 4.6 Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education

21 21 Psychological dependency on a drug occurs when: 1.a person becomes physically dependent on a drug, and their body craves the drug. 2.a person develops tolerance and needs increased dosages of the drug to achieve the initial effects that the drug once had. 3.a person exhibits withdrawal symptoms when trying to stop drug use. 4.the drug is needed to continue a feeling of emotional well-being. 5.a person has difficulty functioning normally without the drug. LO 4.7 Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education

22 22 Psychological dependency on a drug occurs when: 1.a person becomes physically dependent on a drug, and their body craves the drug. 2.a person develops tolerance and needs increased dosages of the drug to achieve the initial effects that the drug once had. 3.a person exhibits withdrawal symptoms when trying to stop drug use. 4.the drug is needed to continue a feeling of emotional well-being. (p. 157) 5.a person has difficulty functioning normally without the drug. LO 4.7 Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education

23 23 Which of the following drugs is most likely to cause psychosis, where a person starts becoming delusional (i.e., having false beliefs), and becomes paranoid? 1.Amphetamines 2.Nicotine 3.Barbiturates 4.Alcohol 5.Caffeine LO 4.8 Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education

24 24 Which of the following drugs is most likely to cause psychosis, where a person starts becoming delusional (i.e., having false beliefs), and becomes paranoid? 1.Amphetamines (p. 158) 2.Nicotine 3.Barbiturates 4.Alcohol 5.Caffeine LO 4.8 Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education

25 25 Which of the following is NOT considered an effect of alcohol at a blood alcohol level of.10 or less? 1.Feelings of well being are increased. 2.Judgment is impaired. 3.Inhibitions are lowered. 4.Severe motor disturbances are present. 5.Increased chance of collision when driving a car LO 4.8 Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education

26 26 Which of the following is NOT considered an effect of alcohol at a blood alcohol level of.10 or less? 1.Feelings of well being are increased. 2.Judgment is impaired. 3.Inhibitions are lowered. 4.Severe motor disturbances are present. (p. 163 – Table 4.5) 5.Increased chance of collision when driving a car LO 4.8 Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education

27 27 Narcotics, or pain killers, work by attaching to receptor sites that are for the body’s natural painkiller substance, _________, partially explaining why narcotics are so addictive: 1.endorphins 2.serotonin 3.acetylcholine 4.THC 5.PCP LO 4.9 Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education

28 28 Narcotics, or pain killers, work by attaching to receptor sites that are for the body’s natural painkiller substance, _________, partially explaining why narcotics are so addictive: 1.endorphins (p. 164) 2.serotonin 3.acetylcholine 4.THC 5.PCP LO 4.9 Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education

29 29 This drug is associated with its mind-altering ability to enhance the senses, making colors seem brighter and sounds more enhanced than they actually are in reality. 1.LSD 2.Morphine 3.Heroin 4.Cocaine 5.Benzodiazpines LO 4.9 Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education

30 30 This drug is associated with its mind-altering ability to enhance the senses, making colors seem brighter and sounds more enhanced than they actually are in reality. 1.LSD (p.165) 2.Morphine 3.Heroin 4.Cocaine 5.Benzodiazpines LO 4.9 Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education

31 31 All of the following are short or long-term effects of using marijuana EXCEPT: 1.Immune system damage 2.Anxiety or panic attacks 3.Paranoia 4.Increase chance of developing asthma 5.Clearer thinking that allows for enhanced cognitive abilities LO 4.9 Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education

32 32 All of the following are short or long-term effects of using marijuana EXCEPT: 1.Immune system damage 2.Anxiety or panic attacks 3.Paranoia 4.Increase chance of developing asthma 5.Clearer thinking that allows for enhanced cognitive abilities (p. 166-167) LO 4.9 Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education

33 Critical Thinking & Student Opinion Slides 33 Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education

34 What is your experience? In my life, I have had a dream about being attacked or pursued. A.True B.False Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education 34

35 What is your experience? In my life, I have had a dream about being attacked or pursued. A.True B.False Larger sample: 77% Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education 35

36 What is your experience? In my life, I have had a dream about killing someone. A.True B.False Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education 36

37 What is your experience? In my life, I have had a dream about killing someone. A.True B.False Larger sample: 26% Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education 37

38 What is your experience? In my life, I have had a dream about arriving too late. A.True B.False Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education 38

39 What is your experience? In my life, I have had a dream about arriving too late. A.True B.False Larger sample: 64% Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education 39

40 What is your experience? In my life, I have had a dream about failing an exam. A.True B.False Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education 40

41 What is your experience? In my life, I have had a dream about failing an exam. A.True B.False Larger sample: 39% Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education 41

42 What is your experience? In my life, I have had a dream about sexual experiences. A.True B.False Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education 42

43 What is your experience? In my life, I have had a dream about sexual experiences. A.True B.False Larger sample: 66% Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education 43

44 What is your experience? In my life, I have had a dream about being frozen with fright. A.True B.False Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education 44

45 What is your experience? In my life, I have had a dream about being frozen with fright. A.True B.False Larger sample: 58% Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education 45

46 What is your experience? In my life, I have had a dream about finding money. A.True B.False Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education 46

47 What is your experience? In my life, I have had a dream about finding money. A.True B.False Larger sample: 56% Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education 47

48 What is your experience? In my life, I have had a dream about schools, teachers, and/or studying. A.True B.False Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education 48

49 What is your experience? In my life, I have had a dream about schools, teachers, and/or studying. A.True B.False Larger sample: 71% Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education 49

50 What is your experience? In my life, I have had a dream about being naked. A.True B.False Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education 50

51 What is your experience? In my life, I have had a dream about being naked. A.True B.False Larger sample: 43% Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education 51

52 What is your experience? In my life, I have had a dream about being inappropriately dressed. A.True B.False Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education 52

53 What is your experience? In my life, I have had a dream about being inappropriately dressed. A.True B.False Larger sample: 46% Copyright © 2009, Pearson Education 53


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