1Earth Science Topic #5 &6 Review Game 171319252814202639152127410162228511172329612182430
2Which color of the visible spectrum has the shortest wavelength? a. violetb. bluec. yellowd. red300 pts!
3Ozone gas in the Earth's atmosphere helps to protect life on the Earth Ozone gas in the Earth's atmosphere helps to protect life on the Earth. This protection is due to the ability of ozone to absorba. radio wavesb. ultraviolet radiationc. gamma radiationd. visible light250 pts!
4An object that is a good absorber of electromagnetic energy is also a good a. reflector of electromagnetic energyb. refractor of electromagnetic energyc. radiator of electromagnetic energyd. convector of electromagnetic energy150 pts!
5Base your answer on the diagram below, which shows the tilt of Earth on its axis in relation to the Sun on one particular day. Points A through E are locations on Earth’s surface. Point D is located in Virginia. The dashed line represents Earth’s axis.250 pts!On this day, which location has the greatest number of hours of daylight?a. a. Eb. Bc. Cd. D
6The diagram below represents what normally happens to insolation as it enters the Earth's atmosphere An increase in cloud cover and water vapor within the Earth's atmosphere will cause an increase ina. A and B, onlyb. A and C, onlyc. C, onlyd. B and C, only300 pts!
7By which process is heat energy transferred when molecules within a substance collide?a. a. conductionb. convectionc. radiationd. sublimation250 pts!
8For weeks after a series of major volcanic eruptions, Earth's surface air temperatures are often a. warmer because ash and dust decrease atmospheric transparencyb. warmer because ash and dust increase atmospheric transparencyc. cooler because ash and dust decrease atmospheric transparencyd. cooler because ash and dust increase atmospheric transparency250 pts!
9300 pts! Which substance has the highest specific heat? a. ironb. b. waterc. leadd. granite300 pts!
10Which factor has the greatest influence on the number of daylight hours that a particular Earth surface location receives?a. longitudeb. latitudec. diameter of Earthd. distance from the Sun200 pts!
11After the light sources were removed, the electromagnetic energy radiated by the cooling sand was mostlya. infrared raysb. ultraviolet raysc. gamma raysd. visible light rays300 pts!
12On a day with no wind, the air temperature outside a house is 10ºC On a day with no wind, the air temperature outside a house is 10ºC. The air temperature inside the house in 18ºC. Which diagram best represents the air circulation pattern that is most likely to occur when a window of the house is first opened?150 pts!ABCD
13The graph below shows the change in carbon dioxide concentration in parts per million (ppm) in Earth’s atmosphere from 1960 to 1990.The most likely cause of the overall change in the level of carbon dioxide from 1960 to 1990 is an increase in thea. number of violent stormsb. number of volcanic eruptionsc. use of nuclear powerd. use of fossil fuels400 pts!
14During which process does heat transfer occur because of density differences? a. conductionb. b. convectionc. radiationd. reflection500 pts!
15A person in Florida worked outdoors in sunlight for several hours on a day in July. Which type of clothing should the person have worn to absorb the least electromagnetic radiation?a. dark colored with a rough surfaceb. dark colored with a smooth surfacec. light colored with a rough surfaced. light colored with a smooth surface300 pts!
16450 pts! Which is the major source of energy for most Earth processes? a. radioactive decay within the Earth's interiorb. convection currents in the Earth's mantlec. radiation received from the Sund. earthquakes along fault zones450 pts!
17Base your answer on the diagram below Base your answer on the diagram below. The diagram shows the pattern of air movement within a closed room.200 pts!What color should the heat source in the room be painted in order to radiate the most heat?a. redb. b. Blackc. greend. silver
18400 pts! The diagram below shows a greenhouse. What is the primary function of the clear glass of the greenhouse?a. The glass reduces the amount of insolation entering the greenhouse.b. The glass allows all wavelengths of radiation to enter and all wavelengths of radiation to escape.c. The glass allows short wavelengths of radiation to enter, but reduces the amount of long wavelength radiation that escapes.d. The glass allows long wavelengths of radiation to enter, but reduces the amount of short wavelength radiation that escapes.
19Changing the shingles on the roof of a house to a lighter color will most likely reduce the amount of solar energy that isa. scatteredb. absorbedc. reflectedd. refracted150 pts!
20Base your answer to the next 2 questions on the diagrams below which show the steps used to determine the amount of heat held by equal masses of iron, copper, lead, and granite.The granite sample is transferred from the boiling water to the room-temperature water. Why is the total heat lost by the granite greater than the total heat gained by the room-temperature water?a. The granite sample had less volume than the other samples.b b. The granite sample lost some heat to the air as it was being transferred.c. Water gained heat from the insulated container.d. Water has a lower specific heat than the granite sample.300 pts!
21The graph below shows the average daily temperatures and the duration of insolation for a location in the mid-latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere during a year.Compared to the date of maximum duration of insolation, the date of maximum surface temperature for this location isa. earlier in the yearb. later in the yearc. the same day of the year150 pts!
22200 pts! Which statement about electromagnetic energy is correct? a. Violet light has a longer wavelength than red light.b. X-rays have a longer wavelength than infrared waves.c. Radar waves have a shorter wavelength than ultraviolet rays.d. Gamma rays have a shorter wavelength than visible light.200 pts!
23The diagram below shows the noontime shadow cast by a vertical post located in New Jersey. Which letter indicates a location south of the post?150 pts!a. Ab. Bc. Cd. D
24If Earth’s axis were tilted less than 23 If Earth’s axis were tilted less than 23.5°, which seasonal average temperature change would occur in New York State?a. Spring and fall would be cooler.b. Spring and fall would be warmer.c. Winter would be cooler.d. Summer would be cooler.250 pts!
25In New York State, summer is warmer than winter because in summer New York State has a. fewer hours of daylight and receives low-angle insolationb. fewer hours of daylight and receives high-angle insolationc. more hours of daylight and receives low-angle insolationd. more hours of daylight and receives high-angle insolation400 pts!
26The average temperature at Earth’s equator is higher than the average temperature at Earth’s South Pole because the South Polea. receives less intense insolationb. receives more infrared radiationc. has less land aread. has more cloud cover200 pts!
27Compared to the wavelength of ultraviolet radiation, the wavelength of infrared radiation is a. shorter b. longerc. the same350 pts!
28The diagram below shows temperature values at various points in a solid piece of aluminum. Toward which point will heat flow from point P?200 pts!a. Ab. Bc. Cd. D
29A gradual increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide would warm Earth’s atmosphere because carbon dioxide is aa. poor reflector of ultraviolet radiationb. good reflector of ultraviolet radiationc. poor absorber of infrared radiationdd. good absorber of infrared radiation350 pts!
30150 pts! The diagram below shows Earth revolving around the Sun. At which location in Earth's orbit will the maximum surface temperatures occur in Earth's Northern Hemisphere?a. at Ab. between B and Cc. between D and Ad. at D150 pts!
31500 pts! The energy radiated from the Sun consists of a a. narrow range of wavelengths, with ultraviolet radiation having the greatest intensityb. narrow range of wavelengths, with infrared radiation having the greatest intensityc. wide range of wavelengths, with visible radiation having the greatest intensityd. wide range of wavelengths, with x-ray radiation having the greatest intensity500 pts!