Presentation on theme: "Daylight Savings No matter what its orientation, only half the Earth gets sunlight at any given time. But the amount of sunlight, in terms of the length."— Presentation transcript:
Daylight Savings The situation is different for different latitudes. This is because the Earth’s axis is at a 23° angle relative to the plane of the ecliptic.
Daylight Savings During spring and summer, the 23° tilt of the Earth is oriented toward the sun.
Daylight Savings During fall and winter, the 23° tilt of the Earth is oriented away from the sun.
Daylight Savings As a result, depending on your latitude, the amount of daylight varies throughout the year. This table shows the number of hours of daylight for regions located at 40°N latitude. DateNumber of Hours of Daylight/Day 1-Jan 9.21 16-Jan 9.46 1-Feb 9.92 16-Feb 10.48 1-Mar 11.02 16-Mar 11.68 1-Apr 12.41 16-Apr 13.07 1-May 13.68 16-May 14.21 1-Jun 14.63 16-Jun 14.82 1-Jul 14.81 16-Jul 14.58 1-Aug 14.13 16-Aug 13.59 1-Sep 12.92 16-Sep 12.25 1-Oct 11.58 16-Oct 10.92 1-Nov 10.27 16-Nov 9.75 1-Dec 9.37 16-Dec 9.17
Daylight Savings This is a graph of the data. Note that it is the graph of a periodic function. A graph of several years worth of data would also show a sine curve.
Daylight Savings This table shows the number of hours of daylight for regions located at 60°N latitude. DateNumber of Hours of Daylight/Day 1-Jan 5.66 16-Jan 6.35 1-Feb 7.51 16-Feb 8.78 1-Mar 9.96 16-Mar 11.35 1-Apr 12.84 16-Apr 14.22 1-May 15.57 16-May 16.81 1-Jun 17.88 16-Jun 18.43 1-Jul 18.38 16-Jul 17.74 1-Aug 16.62 16-Aug 15.36 1-Sep 13.91 16-Sep 12.52 1-Oct 11.13 16-Oct 9.74 1-Nov 8.31 16-Nov 7.09 1-Dec 6.1 16-Dec 5.56
Daylight Savings This is a graph of the data. This is also a sine curve, but notice that it has a higher amplitude than the 40°N data.
Daylight Savings This graph shows the three data sets for the equator, 40°N, and 60°N. The farther away from the equator the more variance there is in the length of daylight throughout the year.
Daylight Savings When there are12 hours of daylight, then sunrise and sunset occur at times that don’t cause any inconvenience.
Daylight Savings But as the number of hours of daylight shrink, then, without daylight savings time, sunrise could occur later in the morning. This would cause an inconvenience, since going to school or work would happen in the dark.
Daylight Savings Daylight savings time is meant to compensate for the decreased number of hours of daylight. This way, going to school or work in the morning doesn’t happen in the dark.
Daylight Savings But as spring returns and the number of hours of daylight increase, then during this period, daylight savings time isn’t necessary.