Presentation on theme: "By Lucy Bulan. Strong foundation in the mother tongue gives children: good grounding in their own mother tongue an advantage in performance in schools."— Presentation transcript:
Strong foundation in the mother tongue gives children: good grounding in their own mother tongue an advantage in performance in schools. However, majority of the world’s languages are classified as “endangered” today, and Kelabit is one of them. Based on the Fishman’s Scale, the Kelabit Language right now is at Stage 7.
Stage 8Stage 7Stage 6Stage 5Stage 4Stage 3Stage 2Stage 1 So few fluent speakers that the community needs to re- establish language norms (may require linguistic experts) Older people use the language enthusias- tically but children are not learning it. Language and culture socializaion takes place in home and community Language and culture socialization involves extensive literacy; usually including use of the language in schooling. The language is used in formal education, along with the official language. The language is used in the work-places of the larger society. The language is used in lower gov’t levels and local mass media. The language is used at upper gov’t level. Adapted from Fishman, Joshua (1991). Reversing Language Shift. Clevedon: Multilingual