Presentation on theme: "Scott Gilligan Football Federation Australia Level One"— Presentation transcript:
1 Scott Gilligan Football Federation Australia Level One Futsal Coaching CourseScott GilliganNational Men’s Futsal CoachFIFA Futsal Coach Instructor
2 The Australian Coaching Council The ACC and the NCAS – a brief historyThe ACC was established in 1978 as a national organisation representing sports and the commonwealth and state governments. It is responsible for co-ordinating the National Development of Coaching. They, in turn, co-ordinate the National Coaching Accreditation Scheme with its primary objectives being:The establishment of a national education and accreditation scheme for all coaches in all sports.The provision of opportunities for all coaches to undertake some form of training in sports coaching.The Australian Sports Commission funds the ACC.
3 The National Coaching Accreditation Scheme The ACC and the NCAS – a brief historyThe National Coaching Accreditation Scheme offers a development program for coaches with courses at four levels. Coaches involved in the scheme gain increased status and improve coaching skills resulting in long term benefits for coaches, their athletes and their national sporting associations.Currently Futsal has Level 0 (non certificate), Level 1 and Level 2 courses. Since Football Federation Australia’s inclusion into the Asian Football Confederation (AFC) extended Futsal courses have been developed.
4 The Coach Why have you decided to coach? I decided to coach because I fell in love with Futsal. It was a new sport and I was very good at it. Over time my experiences gained from International exposure prompted me to give back to the sport I loved. The best way, I thought, to increase popularity in Futsal was to show people what I had learned and they too would fall in love with the sport.
6 The Coach Why do athletes take part in sport? Fun Achievement FriendshipTo learnA sense of belongingRecognition
7 The Coach What do people expect from you as a coach? Parents Referees PlayersSafety Discipline KnowledgeFun Fair play DemonstrateChild minding Rules FunSuccess Organisation FairnessCommunication Communication Communication
8 The Coach Name different roles a coach may need to adopt? Teacher Trainer MotivatorOrganiser Scientist StudentFund raiser Planner PsychologistNutritionist Friend First Aid OfficerAdvisor and Counselor DisciplinarianPublic Relations Officer Role Model
9 The Coach Name some skills a coach should possess? Demonstrate Observe CommunicateOrganiseKnowledgeShow UnderstandingAnalyseImprove Performance
10 The Coach Develop your own philosophy to coaching. Consider why you are thereConsider what you think coaching is all aboutDraw on past experiences as a playerConsider previous coaches you have hadDetermine what you hope to gain and achieve
11 The Coach Coaches Code of Ethics Respect the rights, dignity and worth of every human beingEnsure the athlete’s time spent with you is a positive experienceTreat each athlete as an individualBe fair, considerate and honest with athletesBe professional and accept responsibility for your actionsMake a commitment to providing a quality service for your athletesOperate within the rules and the spirit of the gameAny physical contact with athletes should be:Appropriate to the situationNecessary for the athlete’s skill developmentRefrain from any form of personal abuse toward your athletesRefrain from any form of harassment toward your athletesProvide a safe environment for training and competitionShow concern and caution toward sick and injured athletesBe a positive role model for your sport and athletes
12 Five Different Coaching Styles Discuss within your group and then present your interpretations in role play.The Authoritarian CoachThe Business-Like CoachThe Nice Guy CoachThe Intense CoachThe Easy Going Coach
13 Five Different Coaching Styles The Authoritarian CoachVery strictThey punish frequently and while there is good team spirit when their team is winning, dissension can occur when losingThey have the personality to handle being “hated” in order to have respect
14 Five Different Coaching Styles The Business-Like CoachNot very people orientedThey are keen on seeing the job doneExpect 100% effort at all times
15 Five Different Coaching Styles The Nice Guy CoachAthletes sometimes take advantage of this coach’s personable co-operative natureThey get on well with athletes of similar temperament who are likely to already be self disciplined
16 Five Different Coaching Styles The Intense CoachCan easily transmit anxiety through their “uptight” attitudeThey are usually focused on the quality of performance and results
17 Five Different Coaching Styles The Easy Going CoachOne who is casual or submissiveGives the impression of not being serious
18 Planning What are the three phases of a yearly plan? Transition phase (Off season)Prepatory phase (Pre season)Competitive phase (In season)
19 Planning What should be considered when planning a training session? Athlete’s skill levelFacilities availableEquipmentAttendanceTransportStaff
20 Planning What are the main elements of a training session? Pre practice briefingThe coach explains the goals of the sessionIntroductory activitiesPhysical warm up and skills warm upSkill developmentNew skills are explained, demonstrated and practicedSkill development through gamesApply the skills taught into game situationsConditioningShould occur after skill practice where working towards exhaustion will not affect the skill practiceEvaluationIncludes warm down and review
21 Planning What makes you an effective time manager? Plan every day and every practice sessionConcentrate on achievable goalsBe unperturbed by the unexpected
22 Physical Conditioning for Futsal Identify the major components of fitnessStrengthThe ability of the body or its segments to apply force against resistancePowerIs the rate of performing work. Also known as explosive strengthSpeedThe maximum velocity of muscle contraction in the movement of body segments or accelerating or runningEnduranceThe maximum work muscles can perform in repeated contractionsFlexibilityThe range of movement in or around the joints or a series of joints
23 Physical Conditioning for Futsal List the Principles of TrainingProgressionEasy to difficultOverloadGreater than previous demandsSpecificityTo your sportVariationVariety helps to maintain athlete interestIndividual differencesIndividually designedAdaptationDevelop programs within athlete’s reachReversibilityCease or reduce training loads
24 Physical Conditioning for Futsal List the examples of Endurance TrainingContinuousActivity covering long distances or times using total body movementFartlekContinuous training with efforts of varying intensity and durationIntervalRefinement of fartlek where speed and recovery are consistentTempoRepeated repetitions of up to 70% of maximum speed with short walk or jog recoveries
25 Physical Conditioning for Futsal What is the difference between bounding and plyometrics?BoundingInvolves propelling the athlete’s body weight and are extremely valuable for improving leg powerPlyometricsInvolves propelling the athlete’s body weight as well as extra weight or resistance
26 Physical Conditioning for Futsal Name the three fundamental types of stretching?StaticAthletes adopt a position of near maximum stretch and holding for a period of secondsDynamic flexibilityAllows a limb to be taken through an increased range of motionPNF (Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation)Athletes adopt a position of maximum stretch and then submaxilly contracting the stretched muscle
27 Communication List some forms of non-verbal communication Gestures Facial expressionsBody languageTouchVoice characteristics
28 Communication What makes you a “good listener”? Listen attentively Repeat what was saidSeek clarificationDon’t interruptAvoid emotional responsesSearch for the meaning
29 Communication What is “bridging”? What is “paraphrasing”? Little inputs of recognition like nodding the head and confirming “yes” or “ok”What is “paraphrasing”?Recounting what you have heard to confirm you have understood
30 Skill Teaching and Discipline Name the three stages of learning and explain?Cognitive or early stageThe athlete will attempt to get an idea of the skill to be learntAssociative or intermediate stageThe athlete begins to get a feel of the movement and the skill becomes more fluent as the timing of the skill improvesAutonomous or final stageThe skill movement becomes automatic
31 Skill Teaching and Discipline What is “shaping” and “chaining”?ShapingInvolves breaking a skill down into a simplified skill and initially only learning that simplified skill. The missing parts are added later.ChainingA skill is broken down into parts. Each part of the skill is taught and practiced as would the whole skill. Parts are added in order. One facet at a time is taught.
32 Skill Teaching and Discipline Prepare and demonstrate the teaching of a skillDuring the sports specific sessions you will be asked to prepare and demonstrate the teaching of a skillWhat factors contribute to disruptive behaviour?Coaches talking too muchContinuous activities for long periodsPlayers waiting too long between turnsBoring activities that do not provide sufficient challenge to the athletesActivities which are too advanced for the athletes to handle
33 Coaching Specific Groups What considerations should be taken into account when coaching –TeamsChildrenFemalesVeteransAthletes with Disabilities
34 Coaching Specific Groups What are the two coaching styles for team sports?System type coachThese coaches use the same system of play season after seasonFlexibility type coachThese coaches will change their system from season to season adapting almost exclusively to the talents of the available players
35 Coaching Specific Groups What are the physical and physiological differences between men and women?Physical PhysiologicalHeight Blood volumePelvis HaemoglobinArms Heart sizeShoulders Cardiac outputBody fat VentilationFlexibility Maximal oxygen uptake
36 Coaching Specific Groups What two factors need additional consideration for females in nutrition?IronDue to menstrual blood loss women have twice the iron requirements of men.CalciumCritical for the development and maintenance of strong bones.
37 Coaching Specific Groups What are the physical and physiological differences for veterans?Physical PhysiologicalHeart Reduced cardiovascular performanceBlood vessels Flexibility of muscles, ligaments and tendonsLungs Bones more brittleAerobic events Muscle power and strengthNervous systemVisionBasal metabolism
38 Athletes with Disabilities There are four categories. They are –SensoryDeaf and Hearing ImpairedBlind and Visually ImpairedIntellectualPhysicalAmputees, Wheelchair and Cerebral PalsyHealth RelatedDiabetes, epilepsy, asthma and heart disease
39 Sports Safety for Futsal List the three essential requirements of any training sessionWarm UpGeneral activity before stretchingStretchingWithout stretching muscles may lose their flexibilityWarm DownPrevents pooling of blood in the limbs
40 Sports Safety for Futsal List the seven rules to follow when stretchingWarm up prior to stretchingStretch before and after exerciseStretch alternate muscle groupsStretch gently and slowlyNever bounce or stretch rapidlyStretch to the point of tension or discomfit, never painDo not hold your breath when stretching
41 Sports Safety for Futsal What is the “DRABC” of First Aid?D – remove dangersR – responseA – airwayB – breathingC - circulationWhat is the “STOP” procedure?S – stopT – talkO – observeP – prevent further injuryWhat is the “RICER” regime?R – rest the athleteI – ice applied to the injuryC – compression applied to the injury areaE – Elevate the injured areaR – refer and record
42 Sports Safety for Futsal What are the four main categories of injuries?Life Threatening InjuriesHead, neck and abdominal injuriesSerious InjuriesHead and facial injuries, broken bones, soft tissue injuriesLess Serious InjuriesSoft tissue injuries, bruises, cuts, blisters, cramps, stitches, bleeding nose, winded playerOveruse InjuriesShin soreness, knee, heel, shoulder and elbow pain
43 Nutrition, Fluid Replacement and Drugs What should an athlete eat more of?PastaBreadCerealsRiceFruitsVegetablesWhat should an athlete eat less of?Margarine or butterCreamOilsFried foodsSalt
44 Nutrition, Fluid Replacement and Drugs Name the features of your athletes pre-game mealShould comprise of complex carbohydrates and fruitsShould be eaten at least 3 hours before the eventIt is better to eat too little than too muchA sandwich can be eaten up to half an hour before the event to help settle the stomachPlenty of waterWhat should they avoid?Fatty or greasy foodsProteinsGas forming foodsAlcoholSweets
45 Nutrition, Fluid Replacement and Drugs What advice should you give your athletes about using drugs?Unless anti inflammatory or other prescribed drugs – do not use themAvoid excessive use of alcoholDiscourage smoking
46 A Coach’s Legal Responsibilities Provide a safe environmentActivities must be adequately plannedAthletes must be evaluated for injury and incapacityYoung athletes should not be mismatchedSafe and proper equipment should be providedAthletes must be warned of the inherent risks of the sportActivities must be closely supervisedCoaches should know first aidDevelop clear, written rules for training and general conductCoaches should keep adequate records
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