Presentation on theme: "U64022 SCREENWRITING ADVANCED WEEK 4 Seminar: 7-BEAT MODEL IN ROMCOMs SCREENPLAY STANDARDS (3) FILM GENRES (2) Crime thriller/noir."— Presentation transcript:
U64022 SCREENWRITING ADVANCED WEEK 4 Seminar: 7-BEAT MODEL IN ROMCOMs SCREENPLAY STANDARDS (3) FILM GENRES (2) Crime thriller/noir
HOMEWORK FOR SEMINAR Watch: - Four Weddings and a Funeral (set 1) - Notting Hill (set 2) - Pretty Woman (set 3) Write a scene breakdown of the narrative structure and identify the 7-step pattern (including sections building up to each step) Bring along your analysis for seminar discussion in week 4. Use a memory stick and be ready to illustrate your analysis in class.
SCREENPLAY STANDARDS Master draft, production drafts, shooting script Drafts and revisions
SCRIPT DRAFTS & PRE-PRODUCTION Master draft No dates, no draft number, no copyright logo, no SCENE NUMBERS, no CONTINUEDs at tops and bottoms of pages Production drafts Once a script officially enters pre-production: Scene numbers added (both sides of every scene heading, beginning with 1) CONTINUEDs added - (CONTINUED) and CONTINUED: (n) Note: only when a scene is broken between pages, with addition of scene number Once the script is “boarded”, it becomes LOCKED (i.e. no more changes to scene numbers) and official “First Draft” (date is added on cover page)
SCRIPT DRAFTS & PRE-PRODUCTION Production drafts After completion of each draft, the script is revised Every revised line (and relevant slug line) add * (right-hand margin) Deleted scenes OMITTED (relevant pages will remain short) Added scenes scene number + A, B, C... (e.g. 35A) Runs of pages (with changes) new material will flow onto following pages. Add an extra “A” page after the last page of the run, before the first following page left unchanged.
SCRIPT DRAFTS & PRE-PRODUCTION Production drafts Revisions and polishes Every single round of revisions of the same draft is colour-coded Date and (colour) of each set of revision added on top right of title page Date and colour of latest revision added on top of each revised page Colours: white, blue, pink, yellow, green, goldenrod, buff, salmon, cherry, tan If too many changes, a new draft is written (all revision colours for this draft will start from white again)
FILM GENRES Types of genres Crime thriller / noir Krevolin’s 15-step model
GENRES Macrocategories – comedy, tragedy, and romance Genres narrative conventions identify the story FORM Genre determines some “constants”: Nature of the struggle/conflict (protagonist VS antagonist) Role of character(s) Role of structure (dramatic shape) Genre creates expectations in the audience U64022 Screenwriting: Advanced Level
TYPES OF GENRES Based on what they tell us (the audience) about (ie. Nature of conflict/struggle): Wish fulfillment Between wish fulfillment and realism Realism Between realism and fear Fear U64022 Screenwriting: Advanced Level
GENRES OF WISH FULFILLMENT Always plot-intensive + main character as hero who achieves great feats Western Action-adventure Science-fiction Historical film Musical U64022 Screenwriting: Advanced Level
GENRES OF REALISM Characters in real-life situations. Police/detective/crime story Thriller Gangster film War film Situation comedy U64022 Screenwriting: Advanced Level
GENRES OF FEAR Where fears and fantasies meet and we (the audience) anticipate the worst Film noir Screwball comedy Horror U64022 Screenwriting: Advanced Level
GENRES BETWEEN WISH FULFILLMENT AND REALISM Romantic comedy Melodrama Biopic Sports film U64022 Screenwriting: Advanced Level
GENRES BETWEEN REALISM AND FEAR Farce Satire Moral fable U64022 Screenwriting: Advanced Level
ROLE OF CHARACTER Genre presentation of main character VS antagonist Goal differs based on genres and are related to themes U64022 Screenwriting: Advanced Level
ROLE OF CHARACTER All wish fulfillment genres Main character = knight (set of ideals, values) Antagonist = opposing forces Goal = restore order Ex. Crime story Main character = detective or investigator Goal = apprehension of the perpetrator of the crime Theme = crime cannot go unpunished U64022 Screenwriting: Advanced Level
ROLE OF STRUCTURE Three acts (related to type of genre and role of characters) COMEDY CRIME/DETECTIVE 1- Meet Crime 2- Lose Investigation 3- Get Apprehension U64022 Screenwriting: Advanced Level
3-ACTS & STORY ELEMENTS (Krevolin) U64022 Screenwriting: Advanced Level ACT 1 (lean and tight) 1-10 Setup establish theme and tone. What ’ s the film about? (p.7) 11-25 Story established dramatic problem / stakes up audience ’ s emotional involvement 26-29 Plot/turning point #1 reversal/twist NEW direction (p.29) i) decision to act ii) changes the protagonist ’ s life iii) related to plot A first, failed confrontation w/antagonist force
3-ACTS & STORY ELEMENTS (Krevolin) U64022 Screenwriting: Advanced Level ACT 2 (longest, explore characters and relationships) 30-45 Subplots (B, C, D stories etc. established and intertwined) i) affect love interest, best friends, parents ii)related to plot A but not driving force 46-60 Complications on the road to achieve goal Never let up, a “ pinch ” every 5-10 pages (up and downs, fast and slow) 60 Midpoint. Breather after big confrontation (high point), but won ’ t last (soon leads to lowest point) 61-87 The world starts to crumble i) subplots come into play or play themselves out ii) pushing down protagonist 88-90 Plot/turning point #2 Lowest point (all is lost) i) revelation (epiphany) / realization (catharsis) further decision, (re)action driving force for change ii) affects rest of protagonist ’ s life (for better of for worse)
3-ACTS & STORY ELEMENTS (Krevolin) U64022 Screenwriting: Advanced Level ACT 3 (ties up all loose ends, always building, very tight) 91-109 Build up of tension i) chase or battle scenes ii) resolution of many subplots 110-115) Big Climax i) final danger (dead or alive) VS antagonist ii) final resolution (of dramatic question) 116-119) Epilogue, hero rewarded (money, love) 120) THE END
GENRES Realism: Characters in real-life situations. Police/detective/crime story Thriller Gangster film War film Situation comedy Fear: Where fears and fantasies meet and we (the audience) anticipate the worst Film noir Screwball comedy Horror U64022 Screenwriting: Advanced Level
Summary: ROLE OF CHARACTER AND STRUCTURE Crime story Main character = detective or investigator Goal = apprehension of the perpetrator of the crime Theme = crime cannot go unpunished COMEDY CRIME/DETECTIVE 1- Meet Crime 2- Lose Investigation 3- Get Apprehension U64022 Screenwriting: Advanced Level
HOMEWORK FOR WEEK 5 Watch: Se7en Analyse structure: a) Write a scene breakdown b) Identify Krevolin’s 15-step pattern c) Identify roles of characters, main conflict, subplots, internal patterns Bring along your analysis for seminar discussion in week 5. Use a memory stick and be ready to illustrate your analysis in class.
TUTORIAL Developing ideas Dramatize ideas into a short story outline
COURSEWORK - OUTLINE Develop YOUR OWN story (i.e. no adaptations or remakes) Structure of 2-page outline Title (must be captivating to create expectations) MANDATORY Written by NAME+SURNAME Premise (a short statement, 25-30 words max) Plot synopsis. - Include all 3 act breaks - Each act must consist of short paragraphs, each corresponding to a main narrative step in the story.
PREMISES A short, one to three sentences statement (25- 28 words), which captures the essential elements of the screenplay Introduce characters (names, job, function) Introduce main antagonist, conflict and goal Overriding themes Set the scene (where and when) Evoke colour, taste and smell
SHORT SYNOPSIS Use present tense. Style must be fluent and crisp. Use short sentences, focus on dramatic action (what happens). No walls of blahs, write short paragraphs. Do not numbered paragraphs. Event structure of your story (NOT a scene breakdown: i.e. one-liners). Events will become sequences of scenes in the final screenplay.
SHORT SYNOPSIS Split into 3 acts (indicate) and include all the essential plot points and story elements. Act 1: 4-6 blocks, Act 2: 8-10 block, Act 3: 3-5 blocks Synopsis = PLOT (no lengthy descriptions, no explanations, no unnecessary details) Keep characters’ description to a minimum (only essential traits when they first appear; no need for physical traits if not essential) Specific indications of locations and time must be concise.
SYNOPSIS - SAMPLE First paragraph from the outline of When Harry Met Sally 1977. Harry Burns and Sally Albright share a long car ride from the University of Chicago to their new, post graduation lives in NYC. En route, they discuss whether a man and a woman can be friends, without sex getting in the way. Concluding that they cannot be friends, they part ways upon their arrival.
SYNOPSIS – SAMPLE ANALYSIS From When Harry Met Sally 1.1977. Harry Burns and Sally Albright 2.Share a long car ride from Chicago 3.En route, they discuss whether a man and a woman can be friends, without sex getting in the way. 4.In NYC, concluding that they cannot be friends, they part ways. 1 paragraph in synopsis = 4 sequences in script
COURSEWORK ASSIGNMENT 1 Write 2-page story outline Follow guidelines (e.g. apply a model, and suggestions from tutorial) Choose a genres: either RomCom or Crime-Thriller Stick to instructions in handbook (pp. 10-11) Deadline: Wednesday 2 November Submit: i) printed copy (hand in at start of class); ii) DOC file (via email, see instructions)