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Jet Pulse Drone TEAM 59-PULS John Hamburg (PM) Kyle Goetzelmann Michael Godinho Eileen Schweiss David Morris Matt Benes ME - ECE - Faculty Technical Advisor:

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Presentation on theme: "Jet Pulse Drone TEAM 59-PULS John Hamburg (PM) Kyle Goetzelmann Michael Godinho Eileen Schweiss David Morris Matt Benes ME - ECE - Faculty Technical Advisor:"— Presentation transcript:

1 Jet Pulse Drone TEAM 59-PULS John Hamburg (PM) Kyle Goetzelmann Michael Godinho Eileen Schweiss David Morris Matt Benes ME - ECE - Faculty Technical Advisor: Dr. Kanchan Mondal

2 Executive Summary Pulse jet engines differ from traditional jet engines in that they do not make use of any turbines or compressors. Instead they rely on inertia of moving gases to achieve their relatively small compression ratios. The lack of turbines and compressors makes the design of pulse jet engines relatively simplistic, with few or no moving parts. The proposed new pulse jet engine will feature a valve less design utilizing rear-facing air intakes. Having the intakes face the same direction as the exhaust means that any expanding gases that escape through the intakes during combustion will add to the total thrust produced by the engine. This allows the engine to forgo the use of reed valves which struggle to hold up to the conditions inside the combustion chamber and end up severely shortening the useful life of the engine. The engine will achieve greater efficiency through the use of a throttling device which will allow the engine to use less fuel when performance is not as essential. Research and possibly simulations will be used to allow the engine to run as smoothly and efficiently as possible. The proposed engine will also utilize temperature and flow sensors used in conjunction with a telemetry system to provide real time feedback on engine and plane performance. The project is expected to be complete by March 31, 2014, allowing for several weeks of testing and tuning after completion. The total cost of the project is expected to be no more $1, This cost depends on the prices of components such as the material cost of stainless steel for the engine body, which is subject to change.

3 Contents Overview Engine Materials Discussion Subsystem Technical Discussions Deliverables

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5 Overview The design team will design and construct a pulse jet engine that will be fitted to a RC plane constructed by an Aviation Technologies student

6 How it works A pulse jet is a simple engine that operates on a pressure differential After all combustion gases exhaust, a low pressure zone is created, which draws in fresh air This air is mixed with fuel and then ignited by the existing fireball This is one “pulse” the cycle repeats hundreds of time every second to keep a steady thrust

7 Engine Material OnlineMetals.com McMaster-Carr.com Combination of 304 Stainless Steel tubing and sheet metal Thinnest tubing and sheet metal will be chosen to optimize design Size will be based upon FLUENT analysis Coated in 100% 316 Stainless Steel pure pigment

8 Subsystems Intake Fuel System Ignition Combustion Chamber Exhaust/Augmenter Telemetry

9 Ignition System Necessary to get engine started A spark plug mounted in the front of the combustion chamber will be utilized

10 Intake A reverse style intake will be utilized to maximize the usefulness of combustion gasses FLUENT analysis will be used to determine the proper size and shape of the inlets The flow of air into the engine is critical to sustaining combustion

11 Combustion Chamber Part of engine where combustion originates Must cause air and fuel to mix together Must force expanding gases to travel through the back of the engine L. Cottrill. “Original 2D Schematic” Internet:

12 Types of Fuel Factors Flash Point Ease of Ignition Auto Ignition Prevent Spontaneous Combustion Internal Energy Max amount of energy provided Chemical Composition Corrosive property and residue Burn Rate and Temperature Flight time and effect on engine

13 Types of Fuel (cont.) Several different Fuels can be used Design Based on JP-8 Testing will include gasoline, aviation fuels, and different combinations of Kerosene and Hydrocarbon based fuels Hydrocarbon based fuels can be easily mixed together Static testing will be used to determine which will give max efficiency based on requirements Corrosive properties of the different mixtures can be seen through static testing as well

14 Fuel System Non pressurized fuel tank with fuel pump Different fuel types/mixtures Easy refueling Pump gives consistent flow (voltage regulated) Throttling Fuel Efficiency Fuel Nozzle Evenly dispersed into the airstream Upstream of ignition

15 Exhaust/Augmenter Can significantly increase the thrust of the engine without any additional fuel consumption Proper size and shape must be determined to maximize thrust while minimizing drag Fluent Analysis will be used to determine optimal exhaust design

16 Telemetry System Measure Engine Temperature and Airspeed K-type Thermocouple Pitot tube airspeed sensor Store measured data locally and at ground station Local SD card Ground based hard drive Transmit live data to ground station RF transmitter with 1 mile range View data in real time using graphical interface MatLab analysis Data can be used to monitor engine vitals and performance

17 Deliverables FLUENT analyses of intake and exhaust areas CAD drawings Engine Airplane

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