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WS6-1 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary © 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. April 28, 2009 Inventory #002601 Introductory FLUENT Training Workshop 6 Modeling.

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Presentation on theme: "WS6-1 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary © 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. April 28, 2009 Inventory #002601 Introductory FLUENT Training Workshop 6 Modeling."— Presentation transcript:

1 WS6-1 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary © 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. April 28, 2009 Inventory # Introductory FLUENT Training Workshop 6 Modeling of Catalytic Convertor

2 WS6: Catalytic Converter WS6-2 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary © 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. April 28, 2009 Inventory # Workshop Supplement Introduction A workshop to demonstrate how to model porous media in FLUENT Workshop models a catalytic convertor. Nitrogen flows in though inlet with an uniform velocity 22.6 m/s, passes through a ceramic monolith substrate with square shaped channels, and then exits through the outlet. Substrate is impermeable in Y and Z directions, which is modeled by specifying loss coefficients 3 order higher than in X direction Ceramic Monolith Substrate Inlet Outlet

3 WS6: Catalytic Converter WS6-3 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary © 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. April 28, 2009 Inventory # Workshop Supplement Starting Fluent in Workbench 1.Open the Workbench (Start > Programs > ANSYS 12.0 > ANSYS Workbench) 2.Drag FLUENT into the project schematic 3.Change the name to Catalytic 4.Double click on Setup 5.Choose 3D and Double Precision under Options and retain the other default settings

4 WS6: Catalytic Converter WS6-4 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary © 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. April 28, 2009 Inventory # Workshop Supplement Import Mesh 1.Under the File menu select Import> Mesh 2.Select the file catalytic_converter_125k.msh.gz and click OK to import the mesh 3.After reading the mesh, check the grid using Mesh>Check option or by using Check under Problem Setup>General This starts a new Fluent session and the first step is to import the mesh that has already been created:

5 WS6: Catalytic Converter WS6-5 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary © 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. April 28, 2009 Inventory # Workshop Supplement Setting up the Models 1.Select Pressure Based, Steady state solver Problem Setup>General>Solver 2.Specify Turbulence model Problem Setup > Models > Viscous Double click and select k-epsilon (2 eqn) under Model and Realizable under k-epsilon model and retain the default settings for the other parameters 3.Make sure that the Energy Equation is disabled Problem Setup > Models> Energy

6 WS6: Catalytic Converter WS6-6 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary © 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. April 28, 2009 Inventory # Workshop Supplement Materials Define the materials. Problem Setup > Materials 1.Click on air to open Create/Edit Materials panel 2.Click on FLUENT Database…> Select nitrogen(n2) from the list > Copy 3.Click on Change/Create

7 WS6: Catalytic Converter WS6-7 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary © 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. April 28, 2009 Inventory # Workshop Supplement Fluid Zone Conditions Under Problem Setup >Cell Zone >Double click on part-in under Zone –Select Material Name : nitrogen –Default values for other settings –Click to OK Similarly, visit to part-out Zone and select the same settings as above

8 WS6: Catalytic Converter WS6-8 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary © 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. April 28, 2009 Inventory # Workshop Supplement Fluid Zone Conditions (2) Under Problem Setup ->Cell Zone ->Double click on part-catalyst under Zone –Select Material Name : nitrogen –Select and click on Porous Zone –Under Direction-1 Vector, specify as: 1, 0, 0 –Under Direction-2 Vector, specify as: 0, 1, 0 –Specify as per GUI under Viscous Resistance and Inertia Resistance –Default values under Power law Model and Porosity

9 WS6: Catalytic Converter WS6-9 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary © 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. April 28, 2009 Inventory # Workshop Supplement Operating Conditions Under Problem Setup >Cell Zone Conditions (operating conditions are also in BC panel) Click on Operating Conditions… and set the Operating Pressure (Pascal) to pascal

10 WS6: Catalytic Converter WS6-10 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary © 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. April 28, 2009 Inventory # Workshop Supplement Boundary Conditions Under Problem Setup > Boundary Conditions 1.Select inlet under Zone and choose velocity-inlet from the drop down menu under Type 2.Now double click on inlet under Zone Input all the parameters in Momentum tab as shown below

11 WS6: Catalytic Converter WS6-11 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary © 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. April 28, 2009 Inventory # Workshop Supplement Boundary Conditions (2) Under Problem Setup > Boundary Conditions 1.Select outlet under Zone and choose pressure-outlet from the drop down menu under Type 2.Now double click on outlet under Zone Input all the parameters in Momentum tab as shown below

12 WS6: Catalytic Converter WS6-12 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary © 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. April 28, 2009 Inventory # Workshop Supplement Boundary Conditions (3) Under Problem Setup > Boundary Conditions 1.Wall type boundary condition for the Zone: wall-part-catalyst, wall-part- in and wall-part-out 2.Interior type of boundary condition for the rest

13 WS6: Catalytic Converter WS6-13 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary © 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. April 28, 2009 Inventory # Workshop Supplement Solution Methods Under Problem Setup > Solution Methods 1.Select Coupled under Pressure-Velocity Coupling 2.Select Green-Gauss Node Based under Gradient 3.Default under other options

14 WS6: Catalytic Converter WS6-14 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary © 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. April 28, 2009 Inventory # Workshop Supplement Solution Controls Under Problem Setup > Solution Controls 1.Use default settings

15 WS6: Catalytic Converter WS6-15 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary © 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. April 28, 2009 Inventory # Workshop Supplement Residual Monitors Residual Monitoring Solution > Monitors 1.Double click on Residuals (By default it is on) 2.Enable Plot under Options. 3.Specify Absolute Criteria for continuity: 1e-4

16 WS6: Catalytic Converter WS6-16 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary © 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. April 28, 2009 Inventory # Workshop Supplement Surface Monitors Solution > Monitors > Surface Monitors Monitor points are used to monitor quantities of interest during the solution. They should be used to help judge convergence. In this case you will monitor the Mass Flow Rate at outlet and Static Pressure at inlet. Surface Monitors

17 WS6: Catalytic Converter WS6-17 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary © 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. April 28, 2009 Inventory # Workshop Supplement Initialization Before starting the calculations we must initialize the flow field in the entire domain Solution > Monitors > Solution Initialization 1.Initializing the flow field with near steady state conditions will result in faster convergence 2.Select Compute from: inlet 3.Click on Initialize to initialize the solution

18 WS6: Catalytic Converter WS6-18 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary © 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. April 28, 2009 Inventory # Workshop Supplement The solution process can be started in the following manner Solution >Run Calculation Enter 100 for Number of Iterations and click on Calculate During the iteration process, the residuals and monitor plots will be shown in different windows. You will see that both monitors become flat at 100 iterations. However, this is a solution of first order discretization scheme. To get an accurate solution, we will use higher order discretization scheme for pressure and momentum equations and run further. First Order Solution

19 WS6: Catalytic Converter WS6-19 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary © 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. April 28, 2009 Inventory # Workshop Supplement Higher Order Solution Under Solution>Solution Methods setup the parameters as shown below The solution process can be started in the following manner Solution >Run Calculation Enter 100 for Number of Iterations and click on Calculate

20 WS6: Catalytic Converter WS6-20 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary © 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. April 28, 2009 Inventory # Workshop Supplement Convergence history of the solution Convergence history of Mass Flow Rate on outlet Scaled Residuals Convergence history of Static Pressure on inlet Convergence history of the solution can be found from the plots

21 WS6: Catalytic Converter WS6-21 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary © 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. April 28, 2009 Inventory # Workshop Supplement Write Case/Data File 1.To save the project, go to Project Page File>Save as 2.To write the case/data files, go to FLUENT session File>Export>Case and Data.. Case/Data File: catalytic_converter_second.cas.gz You can now save the project and proceed to write a case file for the solver:

22 WS6: Catalytic Converter WS6-22 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary © 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. April 28, 2009 Inventory # Workshop Supplement Post Processing To Draw Contours of Static Pressure on walls Display > Graphics and Animations Double Click on Contours, a new window will pop up Select Pressure under Contours of and Static Pressure below that Select all walls under Surfaces

23 WS6: Catalytic Converter WS6-23 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary © 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. April 28, 2009 Inventory # Workshop Supplement Post Processing To get the pressure drop between inlet to outlet boundaries using the porous media model Reports > Surface Integrals Select as per the GUI and click to Compute You will get the information below Hence, the pressure drop is around 734 pascal

24 WS6: Catalytic Converter WS6-24 ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary © 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. April 28, 2009 Inventory # Workshop Supplement Post Processing You can postprocess any results using the FLUENT postprocessing tools and/or CFD-Post.


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