Presentation on theme: "Organizing Expository Writing: A Brief Overview"— Presentation transcript:
1Organizing Expository Writing: A Brief Overview Lead credit: Renee Burress
2What a writer should create when writing an expository essay: Interesting, controlled lead with an obvious topic sentence.Supportive, organized body paragraphs with fluent transitionsSupportive conclusion which includes and leaves the reader with a final thought or insight
4A well-written lead catches the reader’s attention, making them want to read more. It also makes the writer want to write more.
5What is a “lead?”A lead is thebeginningof any piece of writing.
6What is an expository lead? An expository lead is the beginning of an informational piece of writing.
7What types of expository writing usually occur in school? Compare and contrastProblem/solutionDescriptiveSequentialCause and effect
8Different Types of Expository Leads Snapshot LeadObservation LeadQuestion LeadPersonal Connection LeadSet-up/Interesting Fact Lead
9Snapshot Lead Create a picture of the setting or event in the reader’s mind.
10Start with a Snapshot. When you paint a picture, you draw the reader in . Notice the difference between these two leads to a report about ice-skating.Boring Ice-skating is my favorite sport.Better It's ten degrees below zero and the river is frozen a foot thick. It makes snapping sounds like the limbs of trees cracking. A long figure glides along the black ice, moving toward the city. The only sound is the scraping of each blade as it bites into the river. That's me doing my favorite sport, ice-skating.
11Draw your reader in with an important observation. Observation LeadDraw your reader in with an important observation.
12Start with an important observation. Don't start in the general Start with an important observation. Don't start in the general. Put your most surprising or important observation into you opening.General The human brain is a complex and amazing organ.Better Seeing stars, it dreams of eternity. Hearing birds, it makes music. Smelling flowers, it is enraptured. Touching tools, it transforms the earth. But deprived of these sensory experiences, the human brain withers and dies. (Inside the Brain --- Ronald Kotulak)
13Draw your reader in with a question. Question LeadDraw your reader in with a question.
14Start with a strongly stated question your readers might have Start with a strongly stated question your readers might have. In some ways all writing is about trying to answer our best questions. A strong question is one we all want to know the answer to.Weakly-stated In this paper I will attempt to answer the question why history is important.Better What's the point of studying history? Who cares what happened long ago? After all, aren't the people in history books dead?
15Start with a personal reason why you would investigate this topic. Personal ConnectionLeadStart with a personal reason why you would investigate this topic.
16Put your connection with the subject in the lead Put your connection with the subject in the lead. Why are you attracted to the subject? Do you have a personal reason for writing about this subject? What specific memories of the subject come to mind?General The problem of longitude was one of the greatest scientific challenges of its day.Better Once on a Wednesday excursion when I was a little girl, my father bought me a beaded wire ball that I loved. At a touch, I could collapse the toy into a flat coil between my palms, or pop it open to make a hollow sphere. Rounded out it resembled a tiny Earth, because its hinged wires traced the same pattern intersecting circles that I had seen on the globe in my school room -- the thin black lines of latitude and longitude. (Longitude --- Dava Sobel)
17Set up the writing with a super-interesting hook. Set-Up/ InterestingFact LeadSet up the writing with a super-interesting hook.
18Flaunt your favorite bit of research in the lead Flaunt your favorite bit of research in the lead. Start with the facts that made you smile, laugh, go "ahaaa" or just plain grossed you out.General Did you ever wonder why God created flies?Better Though we've been killing them for years now, I have never tested the folklore that with a little cream and sugar, flies taste very much like black raspberries.
19There are also many more types of leads: RiddleDefinitionChallenging StatementAnnouncementOpinionFamous or Not-so-famous quote
20How can you use some of these ideas in your writing? You are being asked to write a compare and contrast paper. Regardless of what lead you choose to begin your writing, you will want to write your lead well, so let’s look at some sample student leads to see what works and what doesn’t.
21Regardless of which lead you choose for your compare and contrast paper, you will want your writing to be clear, interesting and informative while making your compare and contrast purpose obvious.
22Compare and Contrast Lead Example: What’s the BuzzLast summer, my grandma’s backyard overflowed with flowers and with stinging insects. At first, whenever I heard a buzz, I grabbed my flyswatter. Then Grandma showed me that not all buzzes are created equal. For example, honeybees and yellow jackets (wasps) may look similar, but they’re really very different creatures.
23Other important ideas to consider when writing an essay. Organization: beg, middle, endTransition Words:
24Organization:For simple organizational purposes, assume you need a beginning, middle, and end in the form of:lead/intro paragraphbody paragraphs (min. of three)and a concluding paragraph.
25Transitions:Transitions are needed between paragraphs and are used to directly indicate to a reader a shift or change in ideas.The keep the reading fluent and ideas connected.Transition Word/Phrases Sources:
26So, overall… When organizing an expository essay, include: An interesting, controlled lead with an obvious topic sentence.Supportive, organized body paragraphs with fluent transitionsA supportive conclusion which includes and leaves the reader with a final thought or insight