Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Theories of Stuttering Progression Three Theories –1. Bluemel –2. Bloodstein’s 4 Stages –3. Van Riper’s Tracks.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Theories of Stuttering Progression Three Theories –1. Bluemel –2. Bloodstein’s 4 Stages –3. Van Riper’s Tracks."— Presentation transcript:

1 Theories of Stuttering Progression Three Theories –1. Bluemel –2. Bloodstein’s 4 Stages –3. Van Riper’s Tracks

2 Bluemel’s Theory Proposed in 1940’s Theory Primary Stuttering Secondary Stuttering Characteristics.simple disturbance in speech.effortless core behaviors Secondary behaviors avoidance struggle

3 Bloodstien’s 4 Stages Late 60’s 4 phases –Phase I Preschool Characteristics –conic (repetitions) symptoms of phase –tonic (hard contacts and prolongation's- not common –fluent periods- usually episodic –difficult situations-intensified by variable sources of communicative pressure –awareness: does not react emotionally to self as a stuttered

4 Bloodstein, Phase II Early Elementary School Characteristics –clonic-repetitions –tonic-hard contacts or associated mannerisms –fluent periods-essentially chronic, may disappear briefly –difficult situations: stuteresre primarily when he talks fast and gets excited stutters equally at home and school DISTINGUISHING characteristic –awareness:thinks of himself as a stuttered –types of words: major parts of speech –concern: little or no concern except in severe cases

5 Bloodsrtein, Phase III Junior High and High School Characteristics –Clonic: fully developed stuttering with avoidance –Tonic: see above –Fluent Periods: chronic –Difficult Situations: distinctly more difficult in some situations than others and is aware of the situations –Awareness: aware and acknowledges as a person short coming –Types of Words: feared words and sounds –Emotional:: exasperation, avoidance and distrust little outward appearance of being troubled

6 Bloodstein, Phase IV Older Characteristics –Clonic/Tonic: same as Phase III –Chronic –Difficult Situations: vivid and continual anticipation –Awareness: serious personal problem –Fully developed symptomatology with avoidance, postponement, starters and release devices –Definite emotional reactions: avoidance, embarrassment, fear

7 Van Riper’s 4 Tracks Developmental –reaction to Bloodstein’s unidimensional view –desegregate grouping –refer to handout

8 Track I, Typical Development of Stuttering Previously fluent Gradual onset cyclic long remissions good articulation normal rte syllabic repetitions no tensions loci: first words, function words no awareness no frustration

9 Track II, Cluttering Often late, at time of first sentences never very fluent gradual onset no remissions poor articulation fast spurts gaps, revisions, syllable and word repetitions no tensions no tremors loci: first words, long words scattered throughout sentence variable pattern no awareness no frustration

10 Track III, “Shocks and Frights” Any age previously fluent sudden onset, often after trauma steady few short remissions normal articulation slow careful rate much tension tremors beginning of utterance, after pauses highly aware much frustration

11 Track IV, Purposeful Stuttering Later, usually after 4 years previously fluent sudden onset erratic no remission normal articulation normal rate unusual behaviors variable tension normal speech is very fluent no frustration willing to talk, no evidence of fear

12 End of Lecture Notes


Download ppt "Theories of Stuttering Progression Three Theories –1. Bluemel –2. Bloodstein’s 4 Stages –3. Van Riper’s Tracks."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google