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Adjective Clauses who, that, which, whom Presented by Melissa Michelson.

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Presentation on theme: "Adjective Clauses who, that, which, whom Presented by Melissa Michelson."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Adjective Clauses who, that, which, whom Presented by Melissa Michelson

3 Write longer, more fluent sentences --> Use adjective clauses! These short sentences can be combined with the main clause to form one long sentence. They become adjective clauses.

4 What’s an adjective clause (aka: relative clause)? Adjective: 1 word to describe a noun Clause: group of words with subject and verb Adjective clause: group of words that starts with a relative clause pronoun (that, which, who, whom…) whole clause describes a singular or plural noun in a main (independent) clause adj clause has its own subject and verb adj clause comes right after the noun it modifies

5 2 types of adjective clauses restrictive (essential) explains exactly which noun ex A: I want to live in the house that is near the beach. ex B: The house that is near the beach sells for $1 million. non-restrictive (not essential) = extra information about noun ex C: I can’t afford to buy the beach house, which sold for $1 million. ex D: The beach house, which is too far from work, isn’t practical.

6 Practice I want to live in a house that is near the beach. The house that is near the beach sells for $1 million. I can’t afford to buy the beach house, which sold for $1mil. The beach house, which is too far from work, isn’t practical. a.What’s the relative pronoun? b.Where is the adjective clause in the example sentences? c.What’s the difference in meaning between restrictive/non- restrictive? d.What’s the difference in punctuation? E. Which pronouns are for restrictive/non- restrictive clauses?

7 Subject relative clause people: who, that (informal) things/animals: that (restrictive), which (non- restrictive) a)I thanked the woman. She helps me all the time. b)He gave us an exam. It lasted one hour. c) I borrowed books to do research for class. They are more than 200 pages long. 1. Decide which is main clause/adj clause. 2. Decide which noun to modify in main clause. 3. Look for ref word to that noun and cross it off =subject in adj. clause! 4. Add correct rel pronoun after main clause noun. 5. Connect sentences; decide commas.

8 Object relative clause people: whom (formal), who, that (informal) things/animals: that (restrictive), which (non-restrictive) a)The students are from China. I know them. b)The movie was good. We saw it. c) I borrowed a book. I still have the book. 1. Decide which is main clause/adj clause. 2. Decide which noun to modify in main clause. 3. Look for ref word to that noun and cross it off =object in adj. clause - KEEP subject. 4. Add correct rel pronoun after main clause noun. (Object rel. pronouns can be omitted.) 5. Connect sentences; decide commas.


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