2Write longer, more fluent sentences --> Use adjective clauses! Write sentences from students.These short sentences can be combined with the main clause to form one long sentence. They become adjective clauses.
3What’s an adjective clause (aka: relative clause)? Adjective: 1 word to describe a nounClause: group of words with subject and verbAdjective clause:group of words that starts with a relative clause pronoun (that, which, who, whom…)whole clause describes a singular or plural noun in a main (independent) clauseadj clause has its own subject and verbadj clause comes right after the noun it modifies
42 types of adjective clauses restrictive (essential) explains exactly which nounex A: I want to live in the house that is near the beach.ex B: The house that is near the beach sells for $1 million.non-restrictive (not essential) = extra information about nounex C: I can’t afford to buy the beach house, which sold for $1 million.ex D: The beach house, which is too far from work, isn’t practical.
5Practice I want to live in a house that is near the beach. a. What’s the relative pronoun?b. Where is the adjective clause in the example sentences?c. What’s the difference in meaning between restrictive/non-restrictive?d. What’s the difference in punctuation?E. Which pronouns are for restrictive/non-restrictive clauses?I want to live in a house that is near the beach.The house that is near the beach sells for $1 million.I can’t afford to buy the beach house, which sold for $1mil.The beach house, which is too far from work, isn’t practical.Next: 2 different ways to form relative clauses!
6Subject relative clause people: who, that (informal)things/animals: that (restrictive), which (non-restrictive)1. Decide which is main clause/adj clause.I thanked the woman. She helps me all the time.He gave us an exam. It lasted one hour.c) I borrowed books to do research for class. They are more than 200 pages long.2. Decide which noun to modify in main clause.3. Look for ref word to that noun and cross it off =subject in adj. clause!Tell notes: 1. who/that/which= SUBJECTS of rel clauses2. Verb following = agrees with noun in main clauseDo A together, the rest alone/pairs.4. Add correct rel pronoun after main clause noun.5. Connect sentences; decide commas.
7Object relative clause people: whom (formal), who, that (informal)things/animals: that (restrictive), which (non-restrictive)1. Decide which is main clause/adj clause.The students are from China. I know them.The movie was good. We saw it.c) I borrowed a book. I still have the book.2. Decide which noun to modify in main clause.3. Look for ref word to that noun and cross it off =object in adj. clause - KEEP subject.Last slide -Do first example together, the others they do together on paper. Read out loud.If time - OHP sentences.4. Add correct rel pronoun after main clause noun. (Object rel. pronouns can be omitted.)5. Connect sentences; decide commas.