-Roanoke failure discouraged other settlements momentarily. With the Spanish Armada defeated, new groups tried again as the 1600’s began. With the Spanish Armada defeated, new groups tried again as the 1600’s began.
Charters – The right to organize a settlement in an area (granted by King James I) King James the first of England would allow groups to settle in the Americas. Lebron “King” James of the Cleveland Cavaliers
The Virginia Company - Received a charter to settle in the area known as Virginia
Joint-Stock Company – Investors buy stock in a company and receive a portion of the profits in return.
Susan Constant, Godspeed, Discovery = Three boats on the journey a) Groups with Money to fund the Journey b) The boats used on the trip c) The names of pets on the Journey
Jamestown was settled inside of the Chesapeake Bay in Virginia near present day Williamsburg Virginia.
What were Jamestown’s biggest obstacles? Lets Play the feud!!
NATIVE AMERICANS 17 NATIVE AMERICANS 17 WEATHER 23 WEATHER 23 DISEASE 31 DISEASE 31 GOVERNMENT 45 GOVERNMENT 45#1 #2 What were Jamestown’s Biggest Obstacles? Exit the Feud Exit the Feud#3 #4 ????? YOU WIN !!!!! YOU WIN !!!!! (or lose depending on the number of points you have. But you always win when you learn!)
OBSTACLES – NATIVE AMERICANS – Violence came when the English settled the good land.
OBSTACLES – WEATHER – Harsh winters forced colonists to feed from animals they didn’t want to lose
OBSTACLES – DISEASE – Malnourishment, new climate (swamp) and close quarters increased sickness
OBSTACLES – GOVERNMENT – Early lack of leadership allowed settlers to search for gold instead of growing crops
What saved the Jamestown colony? Jamestown colony? Lets Play the feud again!!
COLONY STRUCTURE 29 COLONY STRUCTURE 29 REINFORCEMENTS 33 REINFORCEMENTS 33 NATIVE AMERICANS 41 NATIVE AMERICANS 41 TOBACCO 52 TOBACCO 52#1 #2 What saved the Jamestown Colony? Exit the Feud Exit the Feud#3 #4 ????? YOU WIN !!!!! YOU WIN !!!!! (or lose depending on the number of points you have!!!!)
JAMESTOWN SURVIVED BECAUSE… REINFORCEMENTS – Many more came to settle than were dying. Year Arrive Year Arrive 1619 - - - 1619 - - - 1620 100 (est) 1621 1,051 1624 4,000 Population 1,000 1,000 866 866 843 843 1,277 1,277
JAMESTOWN SURVIVED BECAUSE… NATIVE AMERICANS – The Powhatan Tribe help them gain the food they needed to survive.
JAMESTOWN SURVIVED BECAUSE… TOBACCO – John Rolfe learned to grow a less bitter kind, giving them a profitable crop.
- 1608 - Capitan John Smith instilled military rule forcing colonists to work. -1609 – Lord De La Warr continued it (heard of Delaware?) -1619 – Sir George Yeardly started a House of Burgesses GOVERNMENT –
BURGESSES - Elected assembly to make laws for the colony
Excavation at the original site is still occurring today!
-Agonquin Indian -Powhatan Tribe Pocahontas This is an original engraving by Simon van de Passe, from which an oil painting was later made. This is the only surviving portrait made during her lifetime, published in 1616. Therefore, it is the most accurate.
This picture shows the original engraving enhanced with color. Pocahontas Father was Chief Powhatan Saved Saved John Smith?
This painting is a later copy of an engraving made during her London visit of 1616. It flatters and Europeanizes her more than does the original engraving, which failed to capture her celebrated allure. Pocahontas -Converts to Christianity (Rebecca)
Some say this painting of Pocahontas and her son Thomas, which has been preserved for centuries, is the most accurate depiction of her. -Married John Rolfe Pocahontas
Pocahontas America has viewed Pocahontas more like this photo of O’Orianka Kilcher who played her in the 2005 movie “The New World”. “The New World”. -Visits Europe (Big Deal) - Develops Pneumonia on the trip back
Pocahontas Then Disney gets a hold of a character and really distorts reality to try and sell action figures! - Dies at 22 (1617) “Tis enough that the child liveth”