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National Politics of the Gilded Age Unit 19: National Politics APUSH Mrs. Baker.

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Presentation on theme: "National Politics of the Gilded Age Unit 19: National Politics APUSH Mrs. Baker."— Presentation transcript:

1 National Politics of the Gilded Age Unit 19: National Politics APUSH Mrs. Baker

2 Do-It-Now Activity Define the economic and social characteristics of the Gilded Age. Explain the impact of these characteristics on the economic and social make-up of American society during this time period.

3 Brainstorm… Political characteristics of the Gilded Age

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5 Politics of the Gilded Age

6 Causes of Stalemate 1. Prevailing political ideology of the time 2. Campaign tactics of the two party 3. Party patronage 4. Well-Defined Voting Blocs 5. The Presidency as a Symbolic Office

7 Belief in a Limited Government “Do-Little” Government ◦Laissez-faire economics ◦Social Darwinism From 1870 – 1900: ◦Government did very littler domestically Main responsibilities of government ◦Deliver the mail. ◦Maintain national military ◦Collect taxes and tariffs ◦Conduct foreign policy Only exception is the administration of Civil War veterans’ pensions

8 Campaign Tactics Election campaigns of time were characterized by: ◦Brass bands, flags, campaign buttons, picnics, free beer, and crowd pleasing oratory. Campaigns focused on the show and not the big issues. ◦80% of eligible voters voted in presidential elections.

9 Intense Loyalty to the Two Major Political Parties

10 Party Patronage A Two-Party Stalemate

11 Two Party Balance

12 Well-Defined Voting Blocs White southerners ◦Preservation of white supremacy Catholics Recent immigrants ◦Esp. Jews Urban working poor ◦Pro-labor Most farmers Northern whites ◦Pro-business African Americans Northern Protestants Most of the middle class

13 Party Patronage Result of inactive legislative agenda: ◦Politics became a game of gaining office, holding office, and providing government jobs to the party faithful. Created division within the parties

14 Presidential Election of 1880: Republicans Half Breeds Sen. James Blaine (Maine) Stalwarts Sen. Roscoe Conkling (New York) James A. GarfieldChester A. Arthur

15 Presidential Election of 1880: Democrats

16 Inspecting the Democratic Curiosity Shop

17 Election Results

18 1881: Garfield Assassinated

19 Pendleton Act (1883) Civil Service Act The “Magna Carta” of civil service reform ◦Set up Civil Service Commission ◦Created a system by which applicants for classified federal jobs would be selected based on their scores.

20 Republican “Mugwumps”

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22 The Election of 1884 Grover Cleveland (Democrat) James Blaine (Republican)

23 A Dirty Campaign Ma, Ma… where’s my pa? He’s going to the White House, ha… ha… ha…!

24 Little Lost Mugwump Blaine in 1884

25 Rum, Romanism, & Rebellion!

26 Results of Election

27 Cleveland’s First Term

28 Bravo Senor Clevelando

29 The Tariff Issue

30 Presidential Election of 1888 Grover Cleveland (Democrat) Benjamin Harrison (Republican)

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33 Results of Election

34 Disposing the Surplus

35 Billion-dollar Congress

36 Election of 1892

37 Cleveland Loses Support

38 Essential Questions Discuss the characteristics of American politics at the national and state levels during the Gilded Age. Discuss the major political and economic issues of the Gilded Age. ◦Examine the government action on these issues. Explain the characteristics of American presidents during the Gilded Age ◦Discuss how each carried out the duties of his office.


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