9DK THEORY Damn Konfident Scientific Method (Using the Heuristic Paradigm)Systematic ObservationSingle Case StudyShared (Public) ExperienceIntrospectionIntuitionDon’t Know
10What is the difference between idiographic and nomothetic methods?
11What other types of experiential knowledge could be used more in sport psychology?
12What are the roles of basic” and “applied” research? What balance should there be between these 2 types of research?
13KINESIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY Kinesiology – study of human movementKinesiological psychology -- psychological study and ramifications of human movementMotor LearningMotor DevelopmentKinesiological PsychologySocial Psych of Physical ActivitySport Psychology
14KINESIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY Motor Learning -- study of motor behavior from a learning psychology perspective.Motor Development -- study of motor behavior from a developmental psychology perspective.Social Psychology of Physical Activity -- study of how social psychological variables influence motor behavior and new movement patterns and visa versa.Sport Psychology -- study of human motor behavior in a sport context.
15FUNDAMENTAL AXIOMS OF SCIENCE reality of spacereality of timereality of matterquantifiability of matterbelief that space is realbelief that time is realbelief that matter is realwhat exists, exists in some amountwhat exists, and even relationships between existing phenomena, are amenable to observation and measurement
16FUNDAMENTAL AXIOMS OF SCIENCE consistency in the universeThe universe is organized in an orderly mannerThere is regularity, constancy, consistency, and uniformity in the operation of the universe
17FUNDAMENTAL AXIOMS OF SCIENCE Intelligibility of the UniverseDeterminismEmpiricismScience holds that we can observe, know, and understand the universe in which we live.All events are determined or caused.Knowing is the result of first-hand, direct original observation.Information derived from Lachman (1960)
18POLANYI’S TRIAD OF KNOWLEDGE Focal Target (Problem)Subsidiary Awareness (Clues)Person (Links the 2 Together)
19OPERATING CONCEPTIONS OF SCIENCE Scientists must remain impersonal, impartial, and detached in making observations and in interpreting data; the scientists must maintain a disinterested attitudeScience is not moral or immoral; it is amoralConcept of ObjectivityConcept of Amorality
20OPERATING CONCEPTIONS OF SCIENCE Concept of CautionConcept of SkepticismScientists must maintain meticulous caution and painstaking vigilance in their methodsScientists reject the notion of absolutism; refuse to acknowledge authoritarianism or dogmatism as a source of knowledge, even the data of science are viewed as tentative
21OPERATING CONCEPTIONS OF SCIENCE Science strives to build and test theoryScience should be conservative in stating the implications of its data; the data should be interpreted in the simples, most succinct form possibleConcept of Theory Constructionand UtilizationConcept of Parsimony
22OPERATING CONCEPTIONS OF SCIENCE Science strives to reduce specific data to succinct statements of consistencyReductionism demands that generalizations be specified in terms of precise mathematical formulaeConcept of Reductionism
23HARLAN CLEVELAND (1985)Cleveland provides a complementary way of looking at knowledge. He says there are four key terms related to knowledge: data, information, knowledge, and wisdom.Data are undigested observations, unvarnished facts.Information is organized data.Knowledge is organized information, internalized by me, integrated with everything else I know from experience or study or intuition, and therefore useful in guiding my life.Wisdom
24HARLAN CLEVELAND (1985)“Wisdom,” Cleveland states, “is integrated knowledge, information made super useful by theory, which relates bits and fields of knowledge to each other, which in turn enables me to use the knowledge to do something” (p. 23).This is what Polanyi calls the “tacit dimension.”