Presentation on theme: "Presidential Power Point By Caleb Minasian. The Presidents of the United States are very unique. All the Presidents had different views on the challenges."— Presentation transcript:
The Presidents of the United States are very unique. All the Presidents had different views on the challenges they faced depending on their parties, where they were from, how they were raised, and what time period. The Presidents of 1868-1911 are unique in many different ways. The first one was Ulysses S. Grant.
Ulysses S Grant Ulysses S Grant was born on April 27, 1822. He was the son of an Ohio tanner, who didn’t want him to go to West Point. Grant went anyway and fought with Gen. Zachary Taylor in the Mexican American War. When the Civil War broke out, Grant leapt at the chance to be a General of the Union army. He led many successful western campaigns like Shiloh and Vicksburg, so he was asked to come east and command the entire US army. This fame from the Civil War led to his election in 1869. He ran on the Republican ticket. He ran the White House like an army, pointing his workers in the direction he wanted them to go and letting them make their own decisions from there. His 2nd term ended in 1877. After his presidency, he bought a financial firm that soon went bankrupt. He wrote a memoir that earned $450,000. Soon after he completed the last page, he died on July 23, 1885. The president who followed him was Rutherford B Hayes. Ulysses S Grant
Rutherford B Hayes Rutherford B Hayes was born in Ohio on October 4, 1822. He went to law school at Harvard. He fought in the Civil War and rose to the rank of Brevet Major General. He served as governor of Ohio from 1869- 1876. He won the presidency in 1877 on the Republican ticket in one of the most disputed elections of all time. He won by one electoral vote. He pledged help to African Americans with their many needs. He only served 1 term. He died in Fremont, Ohio, on January 17, 1893. He was followed by James A Garfield.
James Garfield James A Garfield was born in Ohio on November 19, 1831. He lost his father at the age of 2, and then worked in the canals to earn an education. He graduated from Williams College in 1856. He became the president of Western Reserve Eclectic Institute in 1857. He was a general in the Union army in 1862. In 1880, he nominated his friend, John Sherman, for the Republican ticket. When Sherman didn’t win, he nominated himself as a “dark horse” nominee. A dark horse nominee is a little known person who ends up becoming a prominent person. He won by 10,000 popular votes. He wanted to challenge a rival to his presidency, so he nominated someone to take his place. He was shot shortly after in a Washington train station. He might have had a chance to live if the doctors had left him alone. The doctors stuck their fingers in the bullet hole and infected it. Alexander Graham Bell tried to find the bullet with an electrical device which he had designed. Garfield died on September 19, 1881, the same year he was elected. He was followed by his Vice President, Chester A Arthur.
Chester A Arthur Chester A Arthur was born in Vermont on October 5, 1829. He graduated from Union College in 1848, and practiced Law in New York City. He was appointed the keeper of the Port of New York by Ulysses S Grant in 1871. He was the Vice President for James Garfield, who was assassinated in 1881. After the assassination, he became president. He was seen as the elite of Washington, in all the ways possible. He lowered tariff rates. A tariff is a tax. This tariff caused great conflict between Democrats and Republicans. He served as president to 1885, only 1 term. He didn’t run for reelection. He didn’t try to run again because he had fatal Kidney failure. He died on November 18, 1886. He was followed by Grover Cleveland.
Grover Cleveland Grover Cleveland was born in New Jersey on March 18, 1837. He practiced law in Buffalo, New York. He won the election for New York Governor in 1881. He was elected president in 1885. He was the first Democrat elected President after the Civil War. He was also the first president to lose a reelection, and be voted into office again. In his first term, he became lazy because of the comforts in the White House. He was the only president to be elected in the White House. He vetoed a bill to give grain to farmers in the drought-stricken Texas. He vetoed a private pension bill for the Civil War veterans. A pension is money for your retirement because you served in the police or in the army. He forced railroads to return 81,000,000 acres of land in the west. Cleveland was defeated in 1888, but reelected in 1892. He had faced acute depression in the nation during election. He treated railroad strikers very badly. He forced England to accept a disputed boarder in Venezuela. After his presidency, he lived in Princeton, New Jersey. He died there on June 24, 1908. He was followed by Benjamin Harrison and William McKinley.
Benjamin Harrison Benjamin Harrison was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, on August 20, 1833. He graduated from law school at the University of Miami, Ohio. In the 1880’s he served in the Indiana Senate position. When he was elected president, he had 10,000 less popular vote, but won the Electoral College 233 to 168. He shaped foreign affairs that he was very proud of. He signed a treaty that helped annex Hawaii, yet Cleveland overturned the treaty. The biggest challenge he faced was the tax issue. he wanted to keep it, yet other Republicans wanted to raise it. They made a compromise, going in the middle. He was re-nominated in 1892, but he lost to Grover Cleveland. He went back to Indianapolis. He died on March 13, 1901. He was followed by Grover Cleveland, who then was followed by William McKinley.
William McKinley William McKinley was born in Ohio on January 29, 1843. He attended Allegheny College. He fought in the Civil War as a Brevier Major of volunteers. He served in Congress for 14 years. He was elected president in 1896. He was president during the Spanish American War. He sent a fleet to the Philippians to defeat the Spanish fleet there. He annexed the Philippians, Guam and Puerto Rico. He won reelection, but was shot on September 6, 1901. He died on September 14, 1901, only 8 days later. He was followed by his vice president, Theodore Roosevelt.
Theodore Roosevelt Theodore Roosevelt was born in New York City on October 27, 1858. He was very weak and ill as a child, yet as he grew older, he worked out and became a great outdoorsman, even capturing an out law. Theodore Roosevelt National Park is named after him. In the Spanish American war, he lead a calvery group called the Rough Riders, who led the charge at the turning point of the war. He ran for the Governor of New York and won in 1898. He left that position to become President of the United States in 1900. His favorite line was "speak softly and carry a big stick." He ordered the construction of the Panama Canal on March 14, 1903. He won the Nobel Peace Prize for mediating the Russo-Japan war. After he had left Presidency, he was shot in the chest in Milwaukie. He survived and said before he died, he said that he had the happiest life one could have. He died on January 6, 1919. He was followed by William Howard Taft.
William Howard Taft William Howard Taft was born in Ohio on September 15, 1857. He graduated from Yale University. He practiced Law in Cincinnati. He had many different political positions before he became president. He became president in 1908. Taft is the heaviest president, weighing over 300 pounds. He wasn't a good politician. He continued high tax rates, which made people mad at him. His techniques were different from Roosevelt's. After his presidency, he was elected President of Law at Yale, which he said was his greatest honor. He died on March 8, 1930.
There are many ways that presidents of 1868-1911 differed. For the presidents, half the country loves you; half the country hates you. That’s tough. That's why the nation should pray for the people in the "Toughest Job in America."
Sources Ulysses S Grant, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulysses_S._Grant http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/ulyssessgrant Rutherford B Hayes, http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/rutherfordbhayes http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rutherford_B._Hayes James A Garfield, http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/jamesgarfield http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_A._Garfield Chester A Arthur, http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/chesterarthur http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chester_A._Arthur Grover Cleveland, http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/grovercleveland22 http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/grovercleveland24 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grover_Cleveland
Sources Benjamin Harrison, http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/benjaminharrison http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_Harrison William McKinley, http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/williammckinley http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_McKinley Theodore Roosevelt, http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/theodoreroosevelt http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theodore_Roosevelt Worldbook encyclopedia R, Theodore Roosevelt William Howard Taft, http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/williamhowardtaft http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Howard_Taft Presidential List, United States history, Holt, Rinehart, Winston, page R26