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Two Buffalonians in the White House Millard Fillmore & Grover Cleveland.

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Presentation on theme: "Two Buffalonians in the White House Millard Fillmore & Grover Cleveland."— Presentation transcript:

1 Two Buffalonians in the White House Millard Fillmore & Grover Cleveland

2 Millard Fillmore & Grover Cleveland Fillmore Cleveland

3 Millard Fillmore, 1800-1874 13th president

4 Millard Fillmore Birthplace Locke, New York

5 Fillmore Home - East Aurora NY

6 Home in Buffalo NY

7 Buffalo, NY Home of Fillmore

8 Earlier Post Card View of the Statler Hotel

9 Millard Fillmore site today 107 Delaware Avenue, Buffalo NY

10 Introduction Second President to finish term of deceased president (Zachary Taylor) Signed Compromise of 1850 Support of the above resulted in the Whig Party not nominating him for President 1852 Ran unsuccessfully for President on American (Know-Nothing) Party and Whig Party ticket in 1856

11 Fillmore Facts Born: January 7, 1800 in Locke Township NY Died: March 8, 1874 Burial Site: Forest Lawn Cemetery Buffalo New York Political Party: Whig & American (Know – Nothing Party) First Lady: Abigail Powers Education: No Formal Education Previous Occupation: Lawyer

12 Early Life Second child and eldest son in a family of nine Parents were Nathaniel and Phoebe Millard Fillmore – moved from Vermont Worked on fathers farm and attended school irregularly until he was 17 with help of his teacher Abigail Powers At 19 studied law with Judge Walter Wood of Cayuga County Family moved to East Aurora – where he opened a law office in 1823 1826 Married Abigail Powers and had two children Mary Abigail and Millard Powers

13 Abigail Powers Fillmore

14 Early Political Career 1828 Fillmore elected to New York state Legislature on the Anti-Masonic Party Ticket 1832 Elected to U.S. House of Representatives Supported both times by Thurlow Weed, and newspaper publisher and politician

15 Thurlow Weed 1797-1882

16 Fillmore as Congressman Anti-Masonic Party merged with the Whig party mid-1830’s, Fillmore became a Whig Strong supporter of Senator Henry Clay of Kentucky the leader of the Whigs Both agreed that a compromise on the slavery issue was needed to preserve peace between North & South 1844 he failed to get nomination for vice- president on Henry Clay’s Whig party Fillmore ran for Governor of NY instead – was defeated

17 Campaign of 1848

18 President Zachary Taylor

19 Vice - President Early 1850 – while presiding over the Senate he failed to resolve conflict between NY Senator Seward (former governor of NY) an antislavery advocate and Senators James M. Mason of VA, Senator John C. Calhoun (former VP) of South Carolina and Senator Jefferson Davis of MISS (future president of CSA)

20 Compromise of 1850 & Slavery Senator Henry Clay - debating the compromise of 1850

21 Fillmore as President President Zachary Taylor died suddenly on July 9, 1850 leaving Fillmore as President Henry Clay’s omnibus bill “Compromise of 1850” signed into law by Fillmore and more importantly enforced by him Radical anti-slavery Whigs opposed him January 1852 he sent Commodore Matthew C. Perry to open trade with Japan Whig party breaks up after election of 1852

22 Fillmore as President “God Knows that I detest slavery…but it is an existing evil, and we must endure it, and give it such protection as is guaranteed by the Constitution”

23 Fillmore’s Later Life March 1853 – wife dies 1856 – accepted presidential nomination of the American Party 1858 – remarried – Caroline Carmichael Macintosh of Albany NY Fillmore opposed secession by the southern states and also opposed some of Lincoln’s measures 1864 Fillmore supported General George B. McClellan the Democrat for president First Chancellor of the University of Buffalo (SUNY BUFFALO) Founding member of the Buffalo Historical Society (BECHS) and the Buffalo General Hospital

24 Millard Fillmore Burial Site Forest Lawn Cemetery – Buffalo NY

25 Burial Site

26 Fillmore Tombstone

27 Side by Side even in death!

28 Grover Cleveland (1837 – 1908) 22 nd & 24 th President

29 Grover Cleveland Birthplace

30 Cleveland Facts Born – March 18, 1837 Died – June 24, 1908 Burial Site – Princeton New Jersey Political Party - Democrat Wife – Francis Folsom Education – No formal education Previous Occupation - Lawyer

31 Early Life Stephen Grover Cleveland – 5 th child of Richard Cleveland – Presbyterian Minister and Ann Neal Cleveland 1841 Family moved to Fayetteville near Syracuse NY 1853 – Father died and Cleveland went to NY City to work as a teacher at the State Institution for the Blind 1855 – Intended to go to Cleveland OH. – Buffalo instead working with Uncle Lewis F. Allen

32 Moses Cleveland

33 Lewis F. Allen – Cleveland’s Uncle

34 Early Political Career Cleveland became a Democrat in 1856 –Democrats represented solid, conservative thought –Republican Presidential hopeful John Charles Fremont struck him as flamboyant & theatrical During the Civil War he hired a substitute to serve in his place (legal at that time) 1863 – appointed assistant district attorney of Erie County – crusader against crime & corruption in government 1871 – became county sheriff Most successful attorney in Buffalo due to hard work rather than brilliant legal talent

35 Mayor of Buffalo 1881 – 44 year old and moderately wealthy – a bachelor – becomes Buffalo’s Mayor Borrowed the phrase “Public officials are the trustees of the people” = “Public office is a public trust” Fought corruption and graft in City Hall – earns the title of “veto mayor”

36 Governor of New York

37 Election of 1884

38 Cleveland’s Gravesite

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