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AHRQ 2009 Annual Conference Research to Reform Improving Care and Outcomes in Uninsured Populations: The Invisible Disparity Randall D. Cebul, M.D.

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Presentation on theme: "AHRQ 2009 Annual Conference Research to Reform Improving Care and Outcomes in Uninsured Populations: The Invisible Disparity Randall D. Cebul, M.D."— Presentation transcript:

1 AHRQ 2009 Annual Conference Research to Reform Improving Care and Outcomes in Uninsured Populations: The Invisible Disparity Randall D. Cebul, M.D.

2 Overview: Quality of Care Among the Uninsured 1.Without claims or EMRs, the quality of care and outcomes of the uninsured are largely invisible. –Yet we know they fare more poorly 2.Practice records-based measurement and public reporting are important for improving quality. –EMRs are useful: timely, granular, enable CDS –HIE (interoperable EMRs) would be even better –Linked to regional QI/consumer engagement (CE)/payment reform, better still –RWJF is supporting 15 communities to measure and report performance, undertake regional QI and CE

3 accessed We know how many uninsured there are. 15.4% (46M), growing: 26% if publicly insured are excluded

4 We know some of the financial and health consequences – to patients Medical bill problems/paying off medical debt climbed from 34 percent to 41 percent in the U.S. between 2005 and million (Commonwealth Fund) Medical costs are the leading cause of personal bankruptcies (Himmelstein, AmJMed. 2009) –roughly half of all bankruptcy filers (‘07) had OOP medical costs > $5000 before filing; 3/4 had insurance coverage Lack of insurance leads to foregoing necessary care –IOM: 20,000 premature deaths annually NONE OF THESE ARE VERY ACTIONABLE STATISTICS

5 “Poor Glycemic Control” Among Diabetics: The Uninsured do Worst 6843 patients One EMR-based system, same PCPs Uninsured: 64% higher odds (95% CI: ) of poor control Adjusted for ASR, co- morbidities, smoking, show rates, income, site of care Supported by grant: R01 HS , Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

6 Aligning Forces for Quality

7 OUR MISSION Better Health Greater Cleveland is a multi-stakeholder partnership that improves the health and value of health care provided to people with chronic medical conditions in Northeast Ohio. We are committed to:  improving care and outcomes of all people with chronic conditions  eliminating disparities in health observed among disadvantaged populations by insurance, race, education and income; and  transparency across collaborating organizations, and, through public reporting of patient care data, with our community. AF4Q in Northeast Ohio

8 Measurement Matters Public reports every 6 months NQF endorsed, locally vetted measures Diverse practice organizations and sites “Care Alliance to Cleveland Clinic” 8 organizations, 54 sites (42 reporting), 500+ PCPs (361 reporting) – virtually all SNPs, all FQHCs Paper-based practices manually abstracted..  Region-wide Achievement and Change by: Insurance(M’care, commercial, M’caid, uninsured), Race (W, B, H, Other), Income and Education (addresses geo-linked to census) Practice site achievement and change by insurance

9 Diabetes

10 19% Increase in Uninsured, 2007 to 2008

11 Vs. HEDIS. Uninsured do ok – compared to Medicaid REGIONAL ACHIEVEMENT (2008) COMPARED TO NATIONWIDE HEALTH PLAN AVERAGES (2007) ON HEDIS COMPREHENSIVE DIABETES CARE MEASURES MeasureGroupMedicareCommercialMedicaidUninsuredOverall HbA1c testing Region National NA Poor HbA1c Control (>9)* Region National NA Eye Exams Region National NA LDL-C Screening Region National NA LDL-C Control (<100) Region National NA Monitoring Nephropathy Region National NA Blood Pressure Control (<130/80) Region National NA Blood Pressure Control (<140/90) Region National NA *Lower rates are better for this measure.

12 Overall, we’re improving on our composite measures

13 And most practices have better outcomes and better care processes

14 But our Uninsured are not Improving

15 Thank you Visit our website:


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