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1050 – Beowulf – Old English (Germanic language from Angles, Saxons and Jutes): influenced by Latin, Celtic, Scottish, Pictish, Danish, Norse 1066 – William.

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Presentation on theme: "1050 – Beowulf – Old English (Germanic language from Angles, Saxons and Jutes): influenced by Latin, Celtic, Scottish, Pictish, Danish, Norse 1066 – William."— Presentation transcript:

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2 1050 – Beowulf – Old English (Germanic language from Angles, Saxons and Jutes): influenced by Latin, Celtic, Scottish, Pictish, Danish, Norse 1066 – William the Conqueror takes England – major addition of French, more Latin, Greek 1300’s – Geoffrey Chaucer – Middle English

3 bellatores (“warriors” royalty, gentry) oratores (“pray-ers” religious, holy orders) laboratores (“workers” middle and lower class) Divisions of Medieval society:

4 KnightSquireYeoman Nun (Prioress) MonkFriarMerchant Oxford Cleric (Student) Sergeant at the Law Franklin Haberdasher, Dyer, Carpenter, Weaver, Carpet-maker (these five are together) CookSkipperDoctor Wife of Bath ParsonPlowmanMillerMancipleReeveSummonerPardoner Host (Harry Bailey) Chaucer

5 London Canterbury Approximately 100 miles one way

6 Canterbury Cathedral

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14 These are pictures of St. Thomas à Becket, who was martyred in He was assassinated by four knights of King Henry II and is interred in Canterbury Cathedral.

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16 This is the tomb of St. Thomas à Becket in the crypt below Canterbury Cathedral.

17 Personality types from the Medieval Period sanguine – happy, friendly, fun-loving melancholic – creative, sad, moody choleric – dominant, angry, ambitious phlegmatic – calm, kind, unemotional

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23 Whan that Aprill with his shourës sootë The droghte of March hath percëd to the rootë And bathëd every veyne in swich licour Of which vertu engendrëd is the flour


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