Bell Work Why do you think some cultures worship only one god while others worship many?
Step 1 On your own or with 1 partner choose a spot on the map for your city Name your city Create your patron god What does your god look like? (draw its image or symbol) Why do you worship this god? What are 2 of your god’s responsibilities? Prepare to share
Step 2 Join with 1 other group You must now combine your gods Create a new name for your god. What are 2 responsibilities of your god? How has your god’s image changed? Prepare to share
Last Step What if we all combined into one? What would we do then?
Unification Narmer – 3100 BC United upper and lower Egypt into one kingdom Each city keeps its patron god The god of the sun – Re – becomes the most popular and powerful of Egypt’s many gods
Bell Work Please analyze the cartoon by using: List objects/people Identify symbols Explain the message
Consider… To what degree should religion be involved in public life? Should the nation’s rules be based on religion? Should the faith our president follows matter?
Theocracy A form of political organization in which the government is based on religious principles.
Who ruled? VIZIER High Priests / Nobles Doctors, engineers, etc. Scribes & merchants Craftsmen Slaves, farmers, etc.
Egyptian Theocracy: Major Gods Khnum The Ram headed Sun God 1 of 3 versions of Ra God of rebirth and creation Temple at Karnak
Osiris God of the Dead Murdered by his brother Set Restored by Isis Egyptian Theocracy: Major Gods
Isis Goddess of Nature Wife of Osiris Egyptian Theocracy: Major Gods
Anubis God of Mummification Weighs the soul of the dead in the underworld Egyptian Theocracy: Major Gods
What was life like in an Egyptian Theocracy? No say in government but… You could move from class to class Marriage, education, children, and women were respected Women could own property, work outside the home, and even rule as pharaoh Males must serve in the military for a time As a farmer you would work on building projects during the ‘off season’ Mostly a benign form of government
Egyptian Theocracy Why did ancient Egyptians care about the pharaoh's experience in the afterlife?
Egyptian Theocracy In Life Pharaoh WAS the sun god reborn and ruled by divine right Priests advised him on what their god would want him to do The people did not question government or vote In general citizens had the freedom to pursue the life the wanted After Death Pharaoh became the Ram Headed Sun God after death and travelled through the underworld Pharaoh’s subjects went to great pains to preserve his body, prepare his tomb with spells and servants, and protect his final resting place They did this to ensure the sun continued to rise
Homework Design your own theocracy 1.Who would be in control? 2.What would the rules for your society be? 3.Would you base these rules on an existing religion or a new one? 4.What types of ceremonies or rituals would you have? 5.How would you view the afterlife? 6.As the leader, when you die how will they handle your body and soul? 7.Would you rule as a living god or just with the god’s authority? What is your god like?
Bell Work Directions: 1 st hand in your “perfect theocracy” assignment 2 nd Briefly answer the questions below regarding EGYPTIAN theocracy 1.Describe their religious beliefs. 2.Who holds control? 3.How did rulers control the people? 4.What was life like for people who lived in this theocracy?
Mayan Sacrifice 1.What type of sacrifices are the Maya making? 1.Why are they making these sacrifices? 1.Why do they stop? 2.Who is Kukulkan and what does he want? 1.What type of sacrifices are the Maya making? 1.Why are they making these sacrifices? 1.Why do they stop? 2.Who is Kukulkan and what does he want?
The Maya and Aztecs 1.Describe their religious beliefs. 2.Who holds control? 3.How did rulers control the people? 4.What was life like for people who lived in this theocracy? 5.How did it end?
Bell Work 1.How are the Egyptian Theocracy and the Mayan Theocracy different? 2.The same? Please use the Venn Diagram (right) to answer this question Venn Diagram Mayan traits Egyptian traits Different: 1.religious beliefs? 2.Who holds control? 3.What was life like Same Different: 1.religious beliefs? 2.Who holds control? 3.What was life like
Iran Atefah SahaalehAtefah Sahaaleh What was her life like? What are some examples of Sharia law?
Iran Atefah SahaalehAtefah Sahaaleh Why is she arrested a 2 nd a time?
Iran Atefah SahaalehAtefah Sahaaleh What was her sentence? Did Atefah know what was going to happen to her?
Happy Friday No BW Today’s Agenda Intro to project Complete reading and worksheet (due Monday) Hand out posters
Bell Work Please grab a poster from the front table and write your NAME on the back. Today’s Agenda Check Iran Worksheet Share proper source format Share possible 3 rd source Hand out posters 214 for research
Bell Work Take out your Iran Reading worksheet and show it to Mrs. V If you haven’t finished it you will not be allowed to work on a computer until it is done WKCE Letters 214 for research REMINDER* Project is due tomorrow Poster Summary Current event summary Sources
Bell Work None, today is a work day for you to finish your Theocracy Project We do not have access to computers for everyone REMINDER* Project is due tomorrow Poster Summary Current event summary Sources
Today’s Agenda Project Presentations You will share Paragraph 3 of your summary Your current event summary You will hand in Poster theocracy summary Current event summary sources Quiz Monday** Tomorrow - Finish presentations? -CSI -Middle East
Bell Work: Please copy down these directions for TEST CORRECTIONS 1.Write the number of the question you had wrong on a SEPARATE piece of paper 2.Write the CORRECT answer next to it o If it was a multiple choice question, 1 st write the correct letter and then the letter’s answer If it is an essay, ONLY address the portion of the essay you lost points on. If you lost points on the entire essay, rewrite the whole thing 3.You will HAND IN Test Separate sheet with corrections Staple these together
Friday Today’s Agenda Hand Back Tests Hand in Iran Sources (Theocracy Reading, comic) Finish presentations Middle East Article CSI HOMEWORK: Study for Quiz MONDAY
The Middle East Birthplace of: Writing Monotheism Cities ½ the world’s spiritual origins Largest oil and gas reserves 9/11 hijackers 2 wars = Iraq and Afghanistan 6,000 + US casualties Arab Spring and the demand for Democracy
The Middle East and Oil Found by the British 100 years ago Found by the US in Saudi Arabia 1938 Close and sometimes shady ties Drastically changed the lifestyle in the ME
10 Things you need to know about the Middle East (actually 3) Please read :#7#9#10 Then answer the following 1.Why is there tension between the US and Iran? 2.Do all Iranians dislike the US? How do you know this? 3.How does the US relationship between Iran and Saudi Arabia differ? Why does this difference exist? 4.Should the US encourage Saudi Arabia to increase freedoms for its people? Why or why not? 5.Do you believe the Arab Spring will bring democracy to the region?