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Illustrative of African empires 1450-1750.  Seceded from the Mali Empire (in 1375)  Under Sunni Ali Songhai became the largest of the western Sudan.

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Presentation on theme: "Illustrative of African empires 1450-1750.  Seceded from the Mali Empire (in 1375)  Under Sunni Ali Songhai became the largest of the western Sudan."— Presentation transcript:

1 Illustrative of African empires

2  Seceded from the Mali Empire (in 1375)  Under Sunni Ali Songhai became the largest of the western Sudan empires  Successor Askia spread the empire west into Mali & north into Sahara and encompassed the trading cities of Hausaland  Askia centralized administration, created a tax system & regulated trade

3  Islam was present through trade, but weak outside of urban areas where traditional “small traditions” prevailed  95% of population was peasants who spoke many languages, practiced indigenous religions, and stayed loyal to local chiefs  Askia made pilgrimage to Mecca and returned with Muslim scholars from Morocco and Egypt to teach in the Sankore Mosque in Timbuktu

4 TOMB OF ASKIASANKORE MOSQUE

5  Today in the country of Mali  Primarily made of mud  Had 3 great mosques  Was the intellectual and spiritual capital for spreading Islam in Africa in the 15 th and 16 th centuries  Located at an intersection of the Trans-Saharan trade route  A natural meeting point for North African Arabs and nomadic Berbers  Longlasting reputation for scholarship, having one of the first universities in the world  Contains many ancient Greek texts, ended up being a trade post that involved Europe  Visited by Ibn Battutta ~1350


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