5Boat Seating Period 6 Maeve, Jessie, Stevie Alex B, Aaron, Richie Manny, Ben, Joseph W.Micah, Kennedy, Thao VyJared, Julian, NoahAlex M, Maddy, LauraJoseph M, Connor, EmilyJosh, Tyler,Jordan
6BellringerWhat interesting details do you see in the image on this postcard?In whose honor was this monument built?Do you think these presidents were the same presidents who had this monument built? Why or why not?Why do you think this monument was built to honor Presidents Washington, Jefferson, Roosevelt, and Lincoln?What other monuments do you know that have been built to honor a person or group of people? Where are they? Who do they honor?
7The Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs In this activity you will meet four of Egypt's leaders, called pharaohs. In 1922, archeologists discovered the tomb of a pharaoh known as King Tutankhamen, or King Tut. Inside a small burial chamber, they found three coffins nested inside each other. The smallest coffin was made of solid gold. It held the king’s mummy. (A mummy is a body that has been preserved after death to keep it from decaying.) On the mummy’s head was a magnificent golden mask. Jewelry and good luck charms lay on the mummy and in the wrappings that protected it. Other rooms of the tomb were filled with statues, weapons, furniture, and even a chariot. The treasures in King Tut’s tomb provided an amazing glimpse into ancient Egypt. Other pharaohs also left behind fabulous riches and artwork. Many of them built great monuments to celebrate their accomplishments. Like King Tut’s tomb, these artifacts have much to teach us about this ancient civilization. In this section, you will learn about three important periods in ancients Egyptian history. They are called the Old Kingdom, the Middle Kingdom, and the New Kingdom. Then you will meet four of the pharaohs who ruled during these periods. You will learn about their achievements and explore some of the monuments they left behind.
8IntroductionIn this activity you will take a trip down the Nile River on a felucca, or Egyptian sailboat. On your trip you will learn about three important periods in ancient Egyptian history – the Old, Middle, and New Kingdoms – and about the role and major accomplishments of the Egyptian pharaohs. You will do this by visiting important monuments built by the pharaohs, such as the pyramids.
10Ancient Egypt and Its Rulers Ancient Egypt enjoyed three long periods of stability and unity. Historians call these periods the Old Kingdom, the Middle Kingdom, and the New Kingdom. Each period boasted its own achievements. The Old Kingdom lasted from about 2700 to 2200 B.C.E. During this time, early pharaohs set up a strong central government. They also built great pyramids as tombs for themselves. Pyramids are massive structures with sides in the shape of triangles. Some historians call this time the Age of Pyramids. The Middle Kingdom lasted from about 2000 to 1800 B.C.E. It is sometimes called the Period of Reunification because it followed years of chaos and disunity. Many great achievements in literature, art, architecture were made during this era. The New Kingdom lasted from about 1600 to 1100 B.C.E. This era is often called Egypt’s Golden Age. It was a time of peace and stability. Rulers increased trade and built gigantic monuments. Egypt’s power reached its height during this time. During all three periods, Egypt was ruled by pharaohs. The pharaohs held supreme power: they were kings, generals, and religious leaders. They owned the land and were responsible for the well-being of the people. Egyptians believed that the pharaohs were gods. After they died, the pharaohs were thought to enter an afterlife that would never end. Their great tombs were built to last forever. The pharaohs built other monuments to glorify their power and successes. Let’s find out more about these structures and the pharaohs who built them.
11Welcome to the TourWhat are the three key periods in ancient Egyptian history?What is each period most known for?What was the role of the pharaohs in ancient Egypt?What are some of the places in Egypt where we might see monuments build by these pharaohs?
12Visiting the Monuments In a moment you will disembark the felucca to visit the first monument. When visiting all monuments you must stay with your group and go to one of the “tourist sites” around the room. At the site, your group will carefully read and follow the directions on the station.
20Writing LettersWrite a letter to a friend or relative about your felucca tour of ancient Egyptian monuments. Use your reading notes to help you complete the letter. Be sure to use correct grammar and spelling. Your letter must include these parts:A proper greetingA short paragraph that describes where you traveled, what you did, and the type of transportation you used.A paragraph that describes one site on the tour. It should explain two important or interesting things you learned about that monument or the pharaoh who built it.A proper closing.6410 Austin Bluffs Pkwy Colorado Springs, CO December 9, 20141105 Althauser Ave. Dubuque, IADear 7th Grader,[1st paragraph][2nd paragraph]Yours sincerely,[Your written first name][Your signed first name]