3 Biological Process Age: Birth-24 months I was born February 29, 1988.I had blond hair and blue eyes.Phenotype: (Santrock, 2012).At 6 month old I was able to walk.Locomotion (Santrock, 2012)Phenotype: : consists of observable characteristics including physical characteristics (Such as height, weight, and hair color) and psychological characteristics ( such as personality and intelligence) (Santrock, 2012).Locomotion: : As infants develop ability to crawl, walk, and run they are able to explore and expand their social world.
4 Cognitive Process Age: Birth-24 months Showing emotions with parents interactions.Primary emotions: include surprise, interest, joy, anger, sadness, fear, and disgust (Santrock, 2012).Primary emotions: are emotions that are present in humans and other animals; these emotions appear in the first six months of infants development (Santrock 2012).
5 Socioemotional Process Age: Birth-24 months I looked up to my older brother and would follow his actions and where ever he would go.I was a social butterfly and very easy going at this age.Temperament (Santrock, 2012).Chess and Thomas’ classificationEasy child (Santrock, 2012).Temperament: which involves individual differences in behavior styles, emotions, and characteristic ways of responding (Santrock, 2012).Chess and Thomas’ classification: identification of three basic types or clusters, of temperament (Santrock, 2012)Easy child: is generally in a positive mood, quickly establishes regular routines in infancy, and adapts easily to new experiences (Santrock, 2012).
7 BIOLOGICAL PROCESS AGE: 2-5 years At the age of two I would have been considered a runner, or I would dart off into the street.I was very energetic and was like an energizer bunny.Autonomy versus shame and doubt (Santrock, 2012).Traits that would describe me would be: athletic, a good person, and happy.Self esteemSelf conceptAutonomy versus shame and doubt: after graining trust of their care givers, infants start to discover that their behavior is their own (Santrock, 2012).Self-esteem: refers to global evaluation of the self (Santrock, 2012).Self concept: refers to domain-specific evaluations of the self (Santrock, 2012).
8 Cognitive process age 2-5 years Started talking age 2 ½ years of ageStarted Pre-schoolLearnedHand motionsSongsArts and craftsFollow directionsSocially active with other studentsEarly childhood process of development (Santrock, 2012)Early childhood: is the development periods from the end of infancy to age 5 or 6 (Santrock, 2012).
9 Socioemotional process age: 2-5 years Felt I fit in with other classmatesErickson’s theory; intuition versus guilt.Wanting to be like my dadMimicking my fathers actionsSocial Cognitive theory (Santrock, 2012)Intuition versus guilt: Erickson’s third stage of development. Intuition versus guilt: per-school children encounter a widening social world, they face new challenges that require active, purposeful, responsible behavior (Santrock, 2012).Social cognitive theory: holds that behavior, environment, and cognition are the key factors in development (Santrock, 2012).
11 Biological process age: 6-11 years Very athletic and engaged in sports.Sports included: football, swim team, and baseball.Growing at a slower rate than my friends.Physical descriptionsPhysical descriptions: young children distinguish themselves from others through many physical and material attributes (Santrock, 2012).
12 Cognitive process age:6-11 years Started in public school.I had difficult reading capabilities. This caused difficulty in school.Enrolled in speech and reading classes.Industry versus inferiority (Santrock, 2012)Industry versus inferiority: Erickson’s fourth theory of developmental stages. This occurs approximately in the elementary school years (Santrock, 2012).
13 Socioemotional process age: 6-11 years Felt I was part of the “cool” or the “in” crowed.Thought I had my first girlfriend.Entry to romantic attractions and affiliations (Santrock, 2012).Entry into romantic attraction and affiliations: adolescents become intensely interested in romance, and it dominates many conversations with same-sex friends (Santrock, 2012).
15 Biological process age: 12-15 years Overweight I would have considered myself “chubby” .Overweight children (Santrock, 2012)(American academy of Children, 2011).Still playing football. Made the basketball team because of increased athletic capabilities.Adolescents health (Santrock, 2012)Finally reaching puberty at a late age.The growth from puberty helped with being overweight.Sexual mutation, height, and weight (Santrock, 2012)Overweight children: A study revealed that in , 11 percent of U.S year-olds were obese, 16 percent were overweight, and 38 percent were at risk of becoming overweight (Santrock, 2012).Adolescents health: adolescents is a critical juncture in the adoption of behavior to health. Many of the factors linked to poor health habits and early death in the adult years begins during adolescents (Santrock, 2012).Puberty/Sexual mutation, height and weight: is the period of rapid growth maturation involving hormonal and bodily changes that take place in early adolescents (Santrock, 2012).Cause of obesity: The cause of obesity is complex and can include, genetics, behavior, biology, and cultural factors (American Academy of Children, 2011).
16 Cognitive process age: 12-15 years Enrolled into public high school.Got out of reading classes.Used note cards to block from seeing any other lines while reading. I was able to focus on the information I was absorbing.Information process theory (Santrock, 2012).Started taking on responsibilities on the dairy.Vygotsky’s theory of sociocultural approach/activities (Santrock, 2012).Information process theory: emphasizes that individuals manipulate information, monitor it, and strategize about it (Santrock, 2012).Vygotsky’s theory of sociocultural approach/activities: is a sociocultural theory that emphasizes how culture and social interactions guide cognitive development (Santrock, 2012).
17 Socioemotional process age:12-15 years Felt I was overweight “Chubby” and was shy around girls.Body image (Santrock, 2012).Felt I was left out of the family because I was the middle child.To receive attention I joined dance class.Was made fun of because of my late puberty and high voice while being in high school.Body image: one psychological image aspect of puberty is certain for both boys and girls: adolescents are preoccupied with their bodies (Santrock, 2012).
19 Biological process age: 16-19 years Still playing football/ increasing in athletic capability.Gaining muscle mass and weight.Started balding.
20 Cognitive process age: 16-19 Figured out the best way for me to learn.Became more organized in my studiesGot accepted into college.Started focusing on health as my area of study.My family no longer owned a dairy and had to look elsewhere for a future career.Crisis development change (Santrock, 2012).Crisis development change: is defined as a period of identity development during which the individual explores alternatives (Santrock, 2012).
21 Socioemotional process age: 16-19 Finally filling more self confident.I now like my body imageSocial contact with peersFirst real girlfriend.Long distance relationshipConsolidating dyadic romantic bonds (Santrock, 2012)Met my future wife.Secure attachment style (Santrock, 2012)Consolidating dyadic romantic bonds: at the end of high school years, more serious romantic relationships develop (Santrock, 2012).Secure attachment style: securely attached adults have positive views of relationships, find it easy to get close to others, and are not overly concerned with or stress about their romantic relationship (Santrock, 2012).
23 Biological process 20’sLoss of weight slimming back down after football.Able to perform different exercise types because of athletic nature.Seeing more definition in muscle.Now there is more lean muscle than bulk muscle.Exercising and dieting (Santrock, 2012)Exercising and dieting: the most effective programs for losing weight include exercise. A recent research review concluded that adults who engaged in diet-plus-exercise programs lost more weight than those who relied on diet-only programs (Santrock, 2012).
24 Cognitive process 20’s I was accepted into my Masters program. Enjoyed solving critical problems at work.Higher level of formal operational thinking (Santrock, 2012)Understanding how my body reacts to new exercises.Improving work flow at work.Completed leadership classes.Higher level of formal thinking Piaget’s theory: the fourth and final stage of Piaget’s theory. In this stage individuals move beyond concrete experiences and think in abstract and more logical terms (Santrock, 2012)
25 Socioemotional process 20’s I got married on April 22, 2012.Sternberg’s triangular theory of love (Santrock, 2012Began to be more religious.Connecting my life more to God and spirituality.Sternberg’s triangular theory of love: states that love has three main components or dimensions-passion, intimacy, and commitment (Santrock, 2012).
27 Biological process 30’s Gaining weight. Less exercisingStart to loose some of my athletic capabilities.Stiffening of jointsShouldersKnees
28 Cognitive process 30’s Teaching my children morals. What is the difference between right and wrong.Proactive strategies (Santrock, 2012)Proactive strategies: with younger children, being proactive means using diversion, such as distracting their attention or moving them to alternative activities (Santrock, 2012).
29 Socioemotional process 30’s Developing a new relationship with my children.Child growth and development.Children transitioning from early childhood/infancy to adolescents.
31 Biological process 40’s Slowing of metabolism. Loss of appetite compared to when I was in my twenties.With the slowing of my metabolism, my body will not be craving as much food intake.Will start to take longer getting my body going in the morning.Not be able to jump out of bed and go.Takes longer to wake up.
32 Cognitive process 40’s Supervisor Manager Have my own team and lead.Middle adulthood (Santrock, 2012)ManagerLook over whole facility.Parenting adolescent children.Authoritative parenting (Santrock, 2012).Middle adulthood: is the development period from approximately 40 years of age to about 60. It is a time of expanding personal and social involvement and responsibility; of assisting the next generation in becoming competent, mature individuals; and reaching and maintaining satisfaction in a career (Santrock, 2012).Authoritative parenting: is a restrictive, punitive style in which parents exhort the child to follow their directions and respect their work and effort (Santrock, 2012).
33 Socioemotional process 40’s Children reaching late adolescents.Children now will be in high school.Children entering early adult hood.Children going off to college.Children bringing home significant others.
35 Biological process 50’sI will start to have more health issues including:muscle decreasingLess energyNeeding more sleepI am sure my lack of sleep will catch up to me around this time of my life.
36 Cognitive process 50’s Changing relationships with peers. Coping with new stressors that come with my age and lifestyle changes.Looking at life in a different manner.Understanding that now I will have less year ahead of me in the physical life than I do behind me.Religion and health, lifestyle issues/social networks/coping with stress (Santrock, 2012).Religion and health, lifestyle issue/social networks/coping with stress: for individual in the religions mainstream, researchers increasingly are finding that religion is positively linked to health (Santrock, 2012).
37 Socioemotional process 50’s Becoming more selective with my friends.Starting to find my inner circle of friends.Finding attachments to friends and families with common economical issues.Socioemotional selectivity theory (Santrock, 2012).Socioemotional selectivity theory: older adults become more selective about their social networking (Santrock, 2012).
39 Biological process 60’s Start to have chronic arthritis. Knees Wrist Chronic disorders (Santrock, 2012).Chronic disorders: are characterized by a slow onset and long duration. Chronic disorders are rare in early adulthood, increase in middle adulthood, and become common in late adulthood (Santrock, 2012).
40 Cognitive process 60’s Start to think about retirement. Life changing eventsHow am I going to stay active?Activity theory (Santrock, 2012)Volunteer work(Dulin, Gavala, Stephens, Kostick & McDonald, 2012).What will benefit myself and my spouse?(Renzulli, 2013).Activity theory: states that the more active and involved older adults are, the more likely they will be satisfied with their lives (Santrock, 2012).Participating in volunteer activities has been found to have numerous positive effects on older adult wellbeing. Research has established links between volunteering and numerous indices of emotional and physical health, including decreased mortality, reduced hypertension, and improved mood (Dulin, Gavala, Stephens, Kostick & McDonald, 2012).When looking into retirement it is important to be open and honest with your spouse. This will help lead to a successful retirement together. Make a list of things you and your spouse want out of retirement (Renzulli, 2013).
41 Socioemotional process 60’s Building better relationships with people.Age and happiness (Santrock, 2012).Social relationships being happiness.(Dulin, Gavala, Stephens, Kostick & McDonald, 2012).Age and happiness: an increasing number of studies indicate that at least in the United States adults are happier as they age (Santrock, 2012).Happiness may exert its beneficial effects; specifically hypothesizing that it may lead to more adaptive health behaviors, decreased sympathetic nervous system arousal and activity, better immune and cardiovascular system functioning, and improved quality and quantity of social relationships (Dulin, Gavala, Stephens, Kostick & McDonald, 2012).
43 Biological process 70’sHealth decreasing from lower levels of activity.Less physical activityLess social activities(Weisser, 2014).Knowing your spouse and own health once in retirement is important. It will help you know if you are setting yourself up for a successful retirement life. Your first health check up will generally dip for both man and women during the first year of retirement. This is most likely due to a decline in socialization and physical activity (Weisser, 2014).
44 Cognitive process 70’sLooking for my sense of meaning in life from religion.Higher levels of: self-esteem, satisfaction, and optimism(Santrock, 2012).Staying mentally active.Brain games(Evers, Klusmann, Schwarzer & Heuser, 2011).A study done by Andrea Eversa, Verena Klusmanna, Ralf Schwarzerb and Isabella Heuser, concluded that cognitive improvements were significantly influenced because of their intervention.
45 Socioemotional process 70’s Reflect on life.Past experiencesHow successful was I?Integrity versus despair (Santrock, 2012).Grandchildren reaching adulthood.Relationship with grandchildren and/or great grandchildren.Integrity versus despair: this happens in late adulthood. During this stage a person reflects on the past (Santrock, 2012).
47 Biological process 80’s and beyond Start to loose bone tissues.Osteoporosis losing bone/muscle (Santrock, 2012).Having to stay active.My body is going to want to rest and will be weaker than before.(Weisser, 2014).Osteoporosis: involves an extensive loss of bone tissue (Santrock, 2012).Being paired with your spouse increases motivation for the both of you and gives you more courage to be more physical or socially active (Weisser, 2014).
48 Cognitive process 80’s and beyond Using religion to help with health disparities.AnxietyDepressionHealth outcomesQuality of life(Chen & Haung, 2012).At the conclusion of the research it was found that religion serves as a helpful method for older adults in dealing with the negative impacts of depressive symptoms on health outcomes and quality of life (Chen & Haung, 2012).
49 Socioemotional process 80’s and beyond Understanding that I will be challenged with death.Possible friends deathPossible spouse deathGrieving of family members and friends deaths.How I will react to the death of loved ones?Dimensions of grieving (Santrock, 2012).Grief: is the emotional numbness, disbelief, separation, anxiety, despair, sadness, and loneliness that accompany loss of someone we love (Santrock, 2012).
50 References:American Academy of Children &Adolescent Psychiatry. (2011, march). Obesity in children and teens. Retrieved from acts_for_Famil ies_Pages/Obesity_In_Children_And_Teens_79.aspxDulin, P. L., Gavala, J., Stephens, C., Kostick, M., & McDonald, J. (2012). Volunteering predicts happiness among older Māori and non-Māori in the New Zealand health, work, and retirement longitudinal study. Aging & Mental Health, 16(5), doi: /Evers, A., Klusmann, V., Schwarzer, R., & Heuser, I. (2011). Improving cognition by adherence to physical or mental exercise: A moderated mediation analysis. Aging & Mental Health 15(4), doi: /
51 References continued: Huang, C., Hsu, M., & Chen, T. (2012). An exploratory study of religious involvement as a moderator between anxiety, depressive symptoms and quality of life outcomes of older adults. Journal Of Clinical Nursing, 21(5/6), doi: /j xRenzulli, K. (2013). The Talk: Get Your Spouse on the Same Page About Retirement. Money, 42(9), 26.Santrock, J. (2012). A topical approach to Life-Span development. (6th ed.). New York : McGraw-Hill.Weisser, C. (2014). The Happy Together Quiz. Money, 43(2), 78.