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In the name of Allah. Historical place in Afghanistan.

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Presentation on theme: "In the name of Allah. Historical place in Afghanistan."— Presentation transcript:

1 In the name of Allah

2 Historical place in Afghanistan

3 Masjet-e-Jami Herat city boasts of Masjet-e-jami, also known as Friday mosque or blue mosque. The mosque is not only important from the architectural point of view but it is also an important pilgrimage center in Afghanistan. The mosque is around 800 years old. Masjet-e-jami is noted for its beautiful lineup of blue tile flowers and mosaic decoration. The mosque is the largest building in the city and a beautiful example of Islamic architecture..

4 Masjet-e-jami Herat city boasts of Masjet-e-jami, also known as Friday mosque or blue mosque.

5 Masjet-e-jami The mosque is not only important from the architectural point of view but it is also an important pilgrimage center in Afghanistan.

6 Masjet-e-jami The mosque is around 800 years old.. Masjet-e-jami is the largest building in the city and a beautiful example of Islamic architecture.

7 Gazargah Gazar Gah is the shrine complex, located to the 5 km east of Herat. Here is the tomb of famous sufi shrine Khoja Abdullah Ansari. Buildings near the tomb are decorated with brilliant tile work. Khoja Abdullah Ansari was a famous Sufi mystic & poet who died in 11th century. Next to him is the tomb of Amir Dost Mohammad, one of the former kings of Afghanistan. The other main attractions in Gazar Gah are Main iwan (main court), a fifteen-foot marble pillar depicting the artwork of Timoryan period..

8 Gazar Gah. Gazar Gah is the shrine complex, located to the 5 km east of Herat. Here is the tomb of famous sufi shrine Khoja Abdullah Ansari.

9 Gazar Gah Khoja Abdullah Ansari was a famous Sufi mystic & poet who died in 11th century. Next to him is the tomb of Amir Dost Mohammad, one of the former kings of Afghanistan.

10 Buildings near the tomb are decorated with brilliant tile work. Gazar Gah

11 Mousallah Complex Collection of minarets, a mosque and a medressa, the whole complex is known as the Mousallah Complex. The old medressa was built by the queen Goher Shad in 1411. She was the daughter-in-law of famous ruler Timor. Close to the complex there is a large domed tomb of Gohar Shad. There were total 6 minarets in this complex. 2 of them are destroyed with time but still 4 remain in the complex.The Mousallah Complex has been described as the most beautiful example in color and architecture.

12 Queen Goher Shad The old Medressaz was built by the queen Goher Shad in 1411. She was the daughter-in-law of famous ruler Timor. Close to the complex there is a large domed tomb of Goher Shad.

13 Mousallah Complex There were total 6 minarets in this complex. 2 of them are destroyed with time but still 4 remain in the complex. The Mousallah Complex has been described as the most beautiful example in color and architecture.

14 Arg-e Herat The Citadel of Herat ( Arg-e-Herat ‎), also known as the Citadel of Alexander, and locally known as Qala Iktyar-ud-din (Arg-e-Herat‎), is located in the center of Herat in Afghanistan. It dates back to 330 BC, when Alexander the Great and his army arrived to what is now Afghanistan after the Battle of Gaugamela. Many empires have used it as a headquarters in the last 2,000 years, and was destroyed and rebuilt many times over the centuries. This historic citadel was saved from demolition in the 1950s, and was excavated and restored by UNESCO between 1976 and 1979. From decades of wars and neglect, the citadel began to crumble but in recent years several international organizations decided to completely rebuild it. The National Museum of Herat is also housed inside the citadel, while the Afghan Ministry of Information and Culture is the caretaker of the whole premises.

15 The Citadel of Herat ( Arg-e-Herat ‎), also known as the Citadel of Alexander, and locally known as Qala Iktyar-ud-din (Arg-e-Herat‎), is located in the center of Herat in Afghanistan. Arg-e Herat

16 It dates back to 330 BC, when Alexander the Great and his army arrived to what is now Afghanistan after the Battle of Gaugamela.

17 Arg-e Herat

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19 Museum of Herat The National Museum of Herat is also housed inside the citadel, while the Afghan Ministry of Information and Culture is the caretaker of the whole premises

20 Museum of Herat From decades of wars and neglect, the citadel began to crumble but in recent years several international organizations decided to completely rebuild it.

21 Museum of Herat

22 Pul-e-Malan One sight you can see without a permit is the 12 th century Pul-e-Malan Seljuk Bridge – well, really, it’s so heavily restored that it is doubtful that you can find a single original brick in it. With 22 arches it spans the Hari Rud river which provides a lot of the water for the surrounding agriculture. Boys and men were bathing in the dark brown water, which had quite a current. The bridge immediately reminded me of Esfahan again; several old bridges of similar design cross the river there. As we watched the merrymaking at the river a land rover actually drove into the water and under the bridge! These dare devils. Pul-e-Malan Hari Rud

23 Pul-e-Malan One sight you can see without a permit is the 12 th century Pul-e-Malan Seljuk Bridge – well, really, it’s so heavily restored that it is doubtful that you can find a single original brick in it. With 22 arches it spans the Hari Rud river which provides a lot of the water for the surrounding agriculture.Hari Rud

24 Pul-e-Malan Boys and men were bathing in the dark brown water, which had quite a current.

25 Mazar-e-Sharif People of Afghanistan believe that Imam Ali (AS) was buried in Mazar-e-Sharif. In this reason got this city the name “Mazar-e-Sharif” that means “holy pilgrimage”.

26 Mazar-e-Sharif People of Afghanistan believe that Imam Ali (AS) was buried in Mazar-e-Sharif.

27 Mazar-e-Sharif People of Afghanistan believe that Imam Ali (AS) was buried in Mazar-e-Sharif. In this reason got this city the name “Mazar-e-Sharif” that means “holy pilgrimage”.

28 Bamiyan giant Buddha statues Efforts are currently being made to preserve Afghanistan’s many historical sites. Tragically, some of Afghanistan’s greatest cultural treasures, such as the Bamiyan giant Buddha statues, were destroyed by the Taliban. Other cultural heritage sites, such as the Heart mosque with its intricate ceramic tile designs, the hauntingly hidden Minaret of Jam, and the imposing Mazar-i-Sharif mosque have been preserved.

29 Bamiyan giant Buddha statues Etched into the dappled sandstone of the Bamiyan mountains are the faint remains of the once colossal Buddha statues that silently watched over the Bamiyan Valley for 1500 years.

30 Minaret of Jam Minaret of Jam is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in western Afghanistan. It is located in the Shahrak District, Ghor Province, by the Hari River. The 62-metre high minaret, [1] surrounded by mountains that reach up to 2400m, was built in the 1190s, entirely of baked bricks. It is famous for its intricate brick, stucco and glazed tile decoration, which consists of alternating bands of Kufic and naskhi calligraphy, geometric patterns, and verses from the Qur'an ( the surat Maryam, relating to Mary, the mother of Jesus).UNESCOWorld Heritage SiteAfghanistanShahrak DistrictGhor ProvinceHari Riverminaret [1]KuficnaskhicalligraphyQur'ansuratMaryamMaryJesus

31 Minaret of Jam Minaret of Jam is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in western Afghanistan. It is located in the Shahrak District, Ghor Province, by the Hari River.UNESCOWorld Heritage SiteAfghanistanShahrak DistrictGhor ProvinceHari River

32 Minaret of Jam The 62-metre high minaret, [1] surrounded by mountains that reach up to 2400m, was built in the 1190s, entirely of baked bricks. It is famous for its intricate brick, stucco and glazed tile decoration, which consists of alternating bands of Kufic and naskhi calligraphy, geometric patterns, and verses from the Qur'an ( the surat Maryam, relating to Mary, the mother of Jesus).minaret [1]KuficnaskhicalligraphyQur'an suratMaryamMaryJesus

33 Students work in class :8/10 Edited by students : Fatimah and Mahtab School : Atoon Heravy High school Under the supervision of : Ms.Sima


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