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009EARLY CHRISTIAN ARCHITECTURE BACKGROUND –Roman Empire – 3 rd Century –Christianity EARLY CHRISTIAN ARCHITECTURE –Titulus –Catacombs –Martyria.

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Presentation on theme: "009EARLY CHRISTIAN ARCHITECTURE BACKGROUND –Roman Empire – 3 rd Century –Christianity EARLY CHRISTIAN ARCHITECTURE –Titulus –Catacombs –Martyria."— Presentation transcript:

1 009EARLY CHRISTIAN ARCHITECTURE BACKGROUND –Roman Empire – 3 rd Century –Christianity EARLY CHRISTIAN ARCHITECTURE –Titulus –Catacombs –Martyria

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5 Emperor Constantine –313 AD - Edict of Milan New Forms in Architecture –Old forms, new functions Christian Mass –Evolved as an indoor event Rome –San Giovanni in Laterno Prototype – Roman Basilica –Old Saint Peter’s Most important Atrium, Narthex, Transept

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14 HOLY LAND –Church of the Nativity –Church of the Holy Sepulcher Central Plan Martyria –Based on Roman Heroa

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21 Mausoleum of Emperor Hadrian

22 Mausoleum of Augustus

23 SANTA CONSTANZA

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27 DECLINE OF IMPERIAL AUTHORITY IN WEST Church Assumes More Control –Churches constructed with more classical details (revival) St. Maria Maggiore St. Sabina Empire Decline –350 AD Milan is residence of Emperor of Italy –402 AD Western capital moves to Ravenna San Apollinare Nuovo San Apollinare in Classe Tomb of King Theodoric Constantine’s Architecture –Most Prestigious –Last Phase of Roman Architecture

28 SAN LORENZO – MILAN – 370 AD

29 SAN LORENZO PLAN

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31 St. Maria Maggiore

32 St. Sabina

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34 San Apollinare Nuovo – 490 AD

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37 Mausoleum of Galla Placida -

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41 San Apollinare in Classe – 534 AD

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44 Tomb of King Theodoric -526 AD

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