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The Middle Ages I 590-1517 Monks, Popes, and Barbies.

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Presentation on theme: "The Middle Ages I 590-1517 Monks, Popes, and Barbies."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Middle Ages I 590-1517 Monks, Popes, and Barbies

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3 Middle Ages Dark Ages Golden Years

4 Clovis King of the Franks Barbarian chieftain of the Frankish peopleBarbarian chieftain of the Frankish people Converted, largely through the influence of his wife ClotildConverted, largely through the influence of his wife Clotild Constantine like conversion experience before the battle of TolbiacConstantine like conversion experience before the battle of Tolbiac Began the conversion of all the barbarians, through missionary as well as axe work.Began the conversion of all the barbarians, through missionary as well as axe work.

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10 Monks, Monkery, and Monasticism NOT these guys

11 These Guys

12 Monks, Monkery, and Monasticism Started by St. Antony in mid 3 rd centuryStarted by St. Antony in mid 3 rd century Emphasis on celibacy, asceticism, and purityEmphasis on celibacy, asceticism, and purity Desired separation from the world in order to obtain purityDesired separation from the world in order to obtain purity Came up with some crazy ideas like Simon StylitusCame up with some crazy ideas like Simon Stylitus Systematized by Benedict in the early 6 th century.Systematized by Benedict in the early 6 th century. Became a punishment used to eliminate heirs to the throne without killing themBecame a punishment used to eliminate heirs to the throne without killing them Started by St. Antony in mid 3 rd centuryStarted by St. Antony in mid 3 rd century Emphasis on celibacy, asceticism, and purityEmphasis on celibacy, asceticism, and purity Desired separation from the world in order to obtain purityDesired separation from the world in order to obtain purity Came up with some crazy ideas like Simon StylitusCame up with some crazy ideas like Simon Stylitus Systematized by Benedict in the early 6 th century.Systematized by Benedict in the early 6 th century. Became a punishment used to eliminate heirs to the throne without killing themBecame a punishment used to eliminate heirs to the throne without killing them

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14 St. Antony 250-357 Became a monk at age 20Became a monk at age 20 Was inspired by the words of Mt. 19:21- 22Was inspired by the words of Mt. 19:21- 22 Sold his goods, gave much away, took care of his sister and ran away to a tombSold his goods, gave much away, took care of his sister and ran away to a tomb Tomb got crowded so he started a monastery in the mountainsTomb got crowded so he started a monastery in the mountains

15 St. Antony 250-357 Fought with the Devil in many times and waysFought with the Devil in many times and ways Desired to be a martyrDesired to be a martyr Performed many miraclesPerformed many miracles Uneducated, but wiseUneducated, but wise Debated with PagansDebated with Pagans

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17 St. Benedict Father of modern monasticismFather of modern monasticism Monk at age 15Monk at age 15 “Knowledgeably ignorant and wisely unlearned”“Knowledgeably ignorant and wisely unlearned” Performed many miraclesPerformed many miracles Formed many small monasteries with 12 monks and one abbotFormed many small monasteries with 12 monks and one abbot Lived out of the world to save the worldLived out of the world to save the world Wrote out the Regula Benedicti “Rule of Benedict”Wrote out the Regula Benedicti “Rule of Benedict”

18 Rule of Benedict Democratic government, Abbot-provost-deansDemocratic government, Abbot-provost-deans 1 year trial for initiates1 year trial for initiates “Ora et Labora” Prayer & Manual Labor“Ora et Labora” Prayer & Manual Labor Threefold vowThreefold vow –Stabilitas – adherence to the monastic order –Conversio Morum – poverty, chastity, piety –Obedientia coram Deo et sanctis ejus – Absolute obedience to the Abbot – the cardinal virtue of the monk. Preserved many classics through librariesPreserved many classics through libraries

19 Gregory The Great 540-604 Born into a wealthy familyBorn into a wealthy family Well educatedWell educated Gave up prefecture of Rome, sold his belongings and built a St. Andrews monastery where he became a Benedictine monkGave up prefecture of Rome, sold his belongings and built a St. Andrews monastery where he became a Benedictine monk Later became ambassador to Constantinople, then Abbot of St. AndrewsLater became ambassador to Constantinople, then Abbot of St. Andrews He is reluctantly appointed Bishop of Rome, and initiates a march against the Plague which ends miraculously.He is reluctantly appointed Bishop of Rome, and initiates a march against the Plague which ends miraculously.

20 Gregory The Great 540-604 Becomes pope in 590Becomes pope in 590 Takes over in Rome due to absent emperor even in military affairsTakes over in Rome due to absent emperor even in military affairs Defended the city from a Lombard invasion.Defended the city from a Lombard invasion. Humbly enforces the Roman supremacy over all other churches.Humbly enforces the Roman supremacy over all other churches.

21 Gregory The Great 540-604 Doctor Ecclesia – Wrote Liber pastoralis curae “book on the office of Bishop” also wrote DialoguesDoctor Ecclesia – Wrote Liber pastoralis curae “book on the office of Bishop” also wrote Dialogues Maybe initiated Gregorian ChantMaybe initiated Gregorian Chant Sent a team of 30 monk missionaries to the Anglo-Saxons ultimately resulting in their conversionSent a team of 30 monk missionaries to the Anglo-Saxons ultimately resulting in their conversion

22 The Heliand (Saxon Gospel) Circa 8 th century Fadar ûsa firiho barno, thu bist an them hôhon himila rîkea, geuuîhid sî thîn namo uuordo gehuuilico. Cuma thîn craftag rîki. Uuerða thîn uuilleo obar thesa uuerold alla, sô sama an erðo, sô thar uppa ist an them hôhon himilo rîkea. Gef ûs dago gehuuilikes râd, drohtin the gôdo, thîna hêlaga helpa, endi alât ûs, hebenes uuard, managoro mênsculdio, al sô uue ôðrum mannum dôan. Ne lât ûs farlêdean lêða uuihti sô forð an iro uuilleon, sô uui uuirðige sind, ac help ûs uuiðar allun ubilon dâdiun.


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