Presentation on theme: "Paris Please click on pages to advance. Notre-Dame de Paris Notre-Dame, the Paris Catholic cathedral, got quite a lot of publicity recently with the."— Presentation transcript:
Notre-Dame de Paris Notre-Dame, the Paris Catholic cathedral, got quite a lot of publicity recently with the Walt Disney movie "The Hunchback of Notre Dame". Inspired by the 19th century novel "Notre-Dame de Paris" by Victor Hugo, this movie shows the history of Esmeralda and Quasimodo in Middle Ages Paris. Notre-Dame indeed dates back to the 13th century and is one of the masterpieces of Gothic art in Western Europe. Its stain glasses and the huge interior are really stunning artistic experiences of mystical dimension. Located on the Cité island and surrounded by the Seine river, Notre- Dame is a flagship in the Parisian landscape and provides a magnificent view of the city from the top of its towers.
The Louvre The Musée du Louvre, the former home of the kings of France, has for two centuries been one of the largest museums in the world. Its collections are distributed into 7 departments: Oriental antiques, Egyptian antiques, Greek, Etruscan and Roman antiques; Paintings, Sculptures and Objets d'Art from the Middle Ages to 1850. The first stage of the project was finished in 1989 (opening of the new access via the glass pyramid designed by I.M. Pei and discovery of the vestiges of the medieval Louvre). In 1993, the Richelieu wing was opened. It exhibits French sculptures, objets d'art, paintings from the Northern schools and French paintings (up to the seventeenth century, oriental antiques and the art of Islam. The Carrousel du Louvre, was inaugurated in parallel. This is a large underground complex with stores, car parks and areas for exhibitions and prestigious events. In October 1994, new rooms presenting foreign sculptures were inaugurated. During the last phase of the project many rooms were redeveloped in the Sully and Denon wings (with namely Egyptian, Greek, Etruscan and Roman antiques and Italian paintings), the Jardin des Tuileries were also renovated.
The Bastille Bastille Day, on the Fourteenth of July, is the French symbol of the end of the Monarchy and the beginning of the First Republic. The national holiday is a time when all citizens can feel themselves to be members of a republican nation. It is because this national holiday is rooted in the history of the birth of the Republic that it has great significance. On 5 May 1789, the King convened the Estates General to hear their complaints: but the assembly of the Third Estate, representing the citizens of the town, soon broke away and formed the Constituent National Assembly. On 20 June, 1789, the deputies of the Third Estate took the oath of the Jeu de Paume "to not separate until the Constitution had been established." The Deputies opposition was echoed by public opinion. The people of Paris rose up and decided to march on the Bastille, a state prison that stood for the absolute despotism of the Ancient Regime. On July 14, 1789, the storming of the Bastille immediately took on a great historical dimension; it was proof that power no longer resided in the King as God's representative, but in the people, in accordance with the theories developed by their philosophers of the eighteenth century. Within two days the Revolution could not be reversed. For all citizens of France, the storming of the Bastille came to symbolize liberty, democracy in the struggle against oppression.
The Grévin A brief history The journalist, Arthur Meyer, was at the origin of the Grevin Museum. In 1881, he asked Alfred Grévin, a draughtsman and caricaturist, to produce figures of celebrities. His idea was to show his contemporaries the personalities, in three dimensions, who made the news. At a time when there were no filmed or photographic reports, the "plastic newspaper" presented by Meyer and Grévin made a great impact. The press was lavish in its praise for, as the Moniteur Universel wrote, "the likeness is perfect, extraordinary". "To be famous, you have to be in it" Famous all over the world since 1882, the Grévin Museum of the Grand Boulevards honours new celebrities every year. Thanks to its 450 wax figures set against a magnificicent decor, visitors can relive the glorious hours of French history and meet the superstars of the cinema. They can also watch conjuring and mime acts in the museum's well-known theatre, or admire the enchanting son-et-lumière show at the Palais des Mirages, a never-ending source of surprises since the Universal Exhibition of 1900.
The Tomb of Napoleon The tomb of Napoleon was built in 1843-53, and was designed by Visconti the younger. The time to visit it is in the afternoon. On a bright, sunny day, as you enter the shrine of the tomb, you will find the sun shining directly through a yellow window, casting a glow that is wonderfully effective. There before you are the names of Bonaparte's victories. You may, if you choose, go down and look at the tomb from the crypt. It is very simple, but magnificent, made of reddish brown porphyry from Finland. It is a spot where the student of history must linger with intense interest. Napoleon died in exile at St. Helena in 1821. His remains were brought to Paris in 1840. The sarcophagus, which covers thirteen feet by six and one-half feet, with a depth of fourteen and one- quarter feet, is composed of five large blocks. When we remember the disturbed public feeling that prevailed at the time when the body of the great conqueror was brought back to the city and country that he had made famous in military annals, the apprehension with which the undertaking was regarded by some, we may appreciate the meaning of a little incident that came within my own knowledge. When I was standing in the tomb, thinking of Napoleon's greatness, a typical American with a French guide came in. The guide said, "Monsieur, I have the pleasure to inform you that this tomb weighs over seventy tons." The American replied, "Yes; I suppose they want to keep him down."
The Sacre Coeur After the Franco-Prussian War of 1870, it was proposed to construct a church to the Sacred Heart on the butte Montmartre. Although originally the fund raising was by public subscription, in 1873, the National Assembly declared its construction to be a state undertaking. Of the 78 entries in the competition for its design, the one chosen was by the architect named Abadie. He was already well known for his restoration of the St-Front Cathedral in Périgueux. The plans for the new basilica called for an edifice of Romano-Byzantine style, and the first stone was laid in 1875. Abadie himself died in 1884 with only the foundation having been completed. Completed in 1914, it was not consecrated until 1919 after World War I had ended. The final cost was 40 million francs. Since 1885, there has been perpetual adoration and worship within. The interior of the church contains one of the worlds largest mosaics, and depicts Christ with outstretched arms. The nearby bell tower contains the ``Savoyarde''. Cast in Annecy in 1895, it is one of the worlds heaviest at 19 tons.