3 The Memorial of Aaron: Location: to the SW of the World Heritage Site of Petra – ca. 12 km by foot; Ca. 1340 m above sea level – the peak of Jabal Haroun and the site of the weli; The Monastery is located at ca. 1270 m, that is, ca. 70 m below the peak and ca. 150 m to its west;
4 The Muslim shrine or weli at the peak of Jabal Haroun.
5 The Weli, in which Aaron’s Tomb is located, at the peak of Jabal Haroun.
7 The Tomb in the lower level of the weli at the peak of Jabal Haroun.
8 The Muslim Shrine and Monastery below it and to its west.
9 These aerial photos taken by David Kennedy, Univ. of Perth, AU.
10 Aaron in the Bible: Brother of Moses and Miriam; Moses’ spokesperson; Ancestor of the priestly Aaronites; He and Miriam opposed Moses; He and others rebelled against God at the waters of Meribah; He, Hur, and Moses and the battle against the Amalekites; Aaron and the “Golden Calf”.
11 Biblical Texts on the Death of Aaron: Numbers 20.22-29; Deuteronomy 32.48-51; Deuteronomy 10.6.
12 Other Ancient Texts on the Death of Aaron: Josephus (Antiquities); Eusebius (Onomasticon) and Jerome (Book on the Sites and Names of Places of the Hebrews);
13 Early Christian Presence at Petra and Jabal Haroun: Galatians 1.17; Churches at Petra (The American Center of Oriental Research): The Church of Saint Mary (“Petra Church”) (late 5 th -early 6 th century) (Figs. 11.2-3); The Ridge Church (6 th century); The Blue Chapel (late 5 th -early 6 th century) Bishops attested at Petra; The Urn Tomb at Petra made into a church (AD 446); John Moschus (late 6 th -early 7 th century); The Petra Papyrus (AD 573); The Life of Saint Stephen the Sabaite; Al-Mas`udi, an Arab historian; The Crusader period ; Gilbert the Abbot.
14 The Church of St. Mary/Petra Church – Interior with tour group.
15 A segment of the mosaics within the Church of St. Mary/”Petra Church”.
20 The Urn Tomb converted into a Church – Apse area.
21 Islamic Tradition on Jabal Haroun: Jabal Nabi Haroun (“Mountain of the Prophet Aaron”); The presence of a Muslim shrine (weli); Evidence from Medieval Jewish Literature: List of Jewish tombs outside the Holy Land; A place where Jewish patriarchs are buried outside the Holy Land (1537). Bilingual Sign at the Bottom of the Stairs leading to the Muslim Shrine.
24 Archaeology: History of Exploration; Peterman and Schick: Muslim Shrine, pre-existing church; and monastery below and to the west; See Fig. 11.5, p. 216; The Finish Jabal Haroun Project (FJHP); See Fig. 11.6, p. 217; Excavations of the Monastery of Saint Aaron at Jabal Haroun; Fiema and Frosen, Petra – The Mountain of Aaron. Vol. I – The Church and the Chapel.
26 Monastic Complex: Church and Chapel; See Fig. 11.6: Plan of the Monastery; See Figs. 11.7-9; The Western and Northern Areas; See Fig. 11.6; See Figs. 11.10-11; Southern Western Quarter; Central Court.