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AP Art History Chapter 3 – Pharaohs and the Afterlife: The Art of Ancient Egypt.

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Presentation on theme: "AP Art History Chapter 3 – Pharaohs and the Afterlife: The Art of Ancient Egypt."— Presentation transcript:

1 AP Art History Chapter 3 – Pharaohs and the Afterlife: The Art of Ancient Egypt

2 Chronology: 3500 – 30 BCE 2920 BCE. – 2920 BCE. – Predynastic: Union of Upper and Lower Egypt, ca BCE BCE. – BCE. – Early Dynastic: Dynasties I-III Imhotep, first recorded name of an artist, ca BCE BCE. – BCE. – Old Kingdom: Dynasties IV-VIII Sneferu, 1 st Pharaoh of the Old Kingdom: r BCE. Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure: builders of the Great Pyramids, ca BCE BCE. – BCE. – First Intermediate Period BCE – BCE – Middle Kingdom: Dynasties XI-XIV Reunification of Egypt under Mentuhotep II, 2040 BCE BCE BCE. - Second Intermediate Period BCE. – BCE. – New Kingdom: Dynasties XVII – XX Ahmose I defeats the Hykos, 1550 BCE. Hatshepsut: r BCE. Akhenaton and the Amarna Period, BCE. Ramses II: r BCE BCE. – BCE. – Third Intermediate Period BCE. – BCE. –Late Period: Dynasties XXV-XXXI Persia conquers Egypt BCE – BCE – Greek: Ptolemaic Alexander the Great Conquers Persia and Egypt, 332 BCE. Ptolemy I: r BCE. 30 BCE. – 30 BCE. – Roman Egypt becomes a Roman province

3 Ancient Egypt

4 People, boats and animals: details of a watercolor copy of a wall painting from Tomb 100 at Hierakonpolis, Egypt Predynastic – ca BCE.

5 Palette of King Narmer (left, back, right, front), from Hierakonpolis, Egypt Predynastic: ca BCE.

6 Chapel False Door Serdab (chamber for statue of deceased) Shaft into burial chamber Burial chamber Section (left) Plan (center) Restored view (right) Typical Egyptian mastaba tomb

7 Stepped Pyramid and mortuary precinct of Djoser, Saqqara, Egypt Dynasty III – ca BCE.

8 Columnar entrance corridor to mortuary precinct of Djoser, Saqqara, Egypt Dynasty III – ca BCE. Alternative view

9 Façade of the North Palace of the mortuary precinct of Djoser, Saqqara. Egypt Dynasty III – ca BCE.

10 Great Pyramids, Gizeh, Egypt Dynasty IV From left: Pyramids of Menkaure (ca BCE.), Khafre (ca BCE.), and Khufu (ca BCE.)

11 Alternative view

12 Section of the Pyramid of Khufu, Gizeh, Egypt

13 Model of the pyramid complex at Gizeh Pyramid of Menkaure Pyramid of Khafre Pyramid of Khafre Pyramid of Khufu Mortuary temple of Khafre Mortuary temple of Khafre Causeway Great Sphinx Pyramids of the royal family and mastabas of nobles Pyramids of the royal family and mastabas of nobles Valley temple of Khafre Valley temple of Khafre

14 Great Sphinx (with Pyramid of Khafre in left background) Giza, Egypt Dynasty IV – ca BCE.

15 Alternative view

16 Khafre, from Gizah, Egypt Dynasty IV – ca BCE.

17 Menkaure and Khamerernebty (?) Gizeh, Egypt Dynasty IV – ca BCE.

18 Seated scribe (Kay?), from his mastaba Saqquara, Egypt Dynasty V – ca BCE. Alternative view

19 Ti watching hippopotamus hunt mastaba of Ti Saqquara, Egypt Dynasty V – ca BCE.

20 Interior hall of the rock-cut tomb of Amenemhet Beni Hasan, Egypt Dynasty XII – ca BCE.

21 Mortuary temple of Hatshepsut Deir el-Bahri, Egypt Dynasty XVIII – ca BCE.

22 Hapshepsut with offering jars Deir el-Bahri, Egypt Dynasty XVIII – BCE.

23 Temple of Ramses II Abu, Simbel, Egypt Dynasty XIX – ca BCE.

24 Alternative view

25 Interior views of the temple of Ramses II

26 Views of hypostyle hall Temple of Amen-Re Karnak, Egypt Dynasty XIX – ca BCE.

27 Temple of Horus Edfu, Egypt ca BCE.

28 Senmut with Princess Nefrua Thebes, Egypt Dynasty XVIII – ca BCE.

29 Fowling scene from the tomb of Nebamun Thebes, Egypt Dynasty XVIII – ca BCE.

30 Musicians and dancers, detail of a fresco from the tomb of Nebamun Thebes, Egypt Dynasty XVIII – ca BCE.

31 Views of Akhenaton, from the temple of Aton, Karnak, Egypt Dynasty XVIII – ca BCE.

32 Thutmose: Nefertiti, From Tel-Amarna, Egypt Dynasty XVIII – ca BCE.

33 Tiye Gorub, Egypt Dynasty XVIII – ca

34 Akhenaton, Nefertiti and three daughters From Tell el-Amarna, Egypt Dynasty XVIII – ca BCE.

35 Innermost coffin of Tutankhamen from his tomb at Thebes, Egypt Dynasty XVIII – ca BCE.

36 Death mask of Tutankhamen from his innermost coffin

37 Painted chest from the Tomb of Tutankhamen, Dynasty XVIII – ca BCE.

38 Detail of painted chest

39 Last judgment of Hu-Nefer From his tomb at Thebes, Egypt Dynasty XIX – BCE.

40 Mentuemhet From Karnak, Egypt Dynasty XXVI ca. 650 BCE.

41 Comparison Section

42 In what way is the block statue of Senusret with Princess Nefrua (Fig. 3-29), related to the figure of Khafre (Fig. 3-12), both stylistically and in terms of function? (Fig. 3-29) (Fig. 3-12)

43 Compare ther Egyptian Pyramid of Djoser (Fig. 3-4), with the White Temple and ziggurat, Uruk (Fig. 2-1). In what ways are they similar? How do they differ? What was the function of each? (Fig. 3-4) (Fig. 2-1)

44 What do the Great Pyramids of Gizeh (Figs ), and the palace of Persepolis (Fig. 2-26), say about the major concerns of the men and the societies that commissioned them? (Fig. 3-8)(Fig. 2-26)


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