Presentation on theme: "The Life of Jesus (44) Did Jesus Arise from the Dead? Examining Theories."— Presentation transcript:
The Life of Jesus (44) Did Jesus Arise from the Dead? Examining Theories
Last lesson – We examined the conduct of the eyewitnesses which argues for His resurrection
Theories refuting resurrection Jesus was a spirit, hallucination Jesus proved His physical resurrection – Lk. 24: John 1:1 They handled, heard, and saw
Theories refuting resurrection Jesus was a spirit, hallucination Epistles referenced a physical resurrection cf. Jn. 12:1, Acts 3:15, 13:29-30, Rom. 4:24, 6:3-5, Col. 2:12, etc. Appearances do not fit a vision or hallucination – groups, multiple appearances, etc.
Theories refuting resurrection Body stolen by disciples Cf. Matt. 28:11-16 Why would his disciples (and leaders) die and give up all they did for a known deception? Too many disciples for none to admit it was a fraud Does not explain appearances
Theories refuting resurrection Body stolen by enemies Why did they not produce the body when resurrection was preached? Account of bribing the soldiers. Does not explain conversion of Paul and James
Theories refuting resurrection Wrong tomb Several women, Joseph and Nicodemus all knew the place. It was Joseph’s tomb! As they began to preach resurrection, the correct tomb and/or body would be produced and refute disciples
Theories refuting resurrection The “Swoon” Theory States Jesus didn’t really die, but passed out. IN grave, He “recovered.” Then He appeared to disciples
Theories refuting resurrection The “Swoon” Theory The Roman executioners knew their job. Verified his death His body was handled The degree of punishment would not lend toward Jesus swooning.
Theories refuting resurrection The “Swoon” Theory The quality of His appearances – not a weakened state. IF Jesus didn’t die on cross, when did HE die? Where was His tomb? Also lives of disciples!
Theories refuting resurrection The “Swoon” Theory Jesus claimed He would arise! Also, prophecies – Isa. 53, Ac. 22, etc. What would be odds of such claims being accompanied by one not dying when condemned?
Theories refuting resurrection Jesus was not crucified Proposed by some Muslims (cf. Gospel of Barnabas) Body not produced. Who was buried? The empty tomb still recorded!
Theories refuting resurrection Other theories: Mistaken identity God destroyed the physical body, appearances spiritual Spiritual appearance, but they never visited the tomb ALL such theories fall short!
Other observations! Why so much opposition to the resurrection? To disprove the resurrection is to disprove Christianity! To validate other systems, the resurrection must be refuted!
Other observations! His enemies did not deny the resurrection! Gospel preached with resurrection. While they mocked, it was never refuted. Cf. Acts 25:18-19, 26:23-28
Other observations! Jesus mentioned in external sources! Tacitus ( AD), Roman historian, “a most mischievous superstition”) Annals, 15:44
Other observations! Jesus mentioned in external sources! Josephus (37-97AD), Jewish historian, “had condemned Him to the cross,…for He appeared to them alive again the third day”) Antiquities, 18:63
Other observations! Jesus mentioned in external sources! Lucian (2 nd century satirist), spoke of Christians speaking of being immortal and they had contempt for death
Other observations! Jesus mentioned in external sources! Celment (ca. 95 AD), Ignatius ( AD), Justin Martyr (ca 150 AD) “church fathers” referenced resurrection in their correspondence.
Muhammad’s tomb – occupied! Buddha’s tomb – occupied! Confucius’ tomb – occupied! Jesus tomb – EMPTY! Where is your hope?