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Which kinds of Social Safety Net Transfers Work best for the Rural Ultra Poor? Dhaka, 03 December 2013 Christa Räder Representative.

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Presentation on theme: "Which kinds of Social Safety Net Transfers Work best for the Rural Ultra Poor? Dhaka, 03 December 2013 Christa Räder Representative."— Presentation transcript:

1 Which kinds of Social Safety Net Transfers Work best for the Rural Ultra Poor? Dhaka, 03 December 2013 Christa Räder Representative

2 Sustained economic growth - +6% pa Poverty and food insecurity also continue to decrease BUT 50 million are poor, ~30 million extreme poor (2010 HIES) 60 million food insecure, 30 million severely food insecure (2005 HIES) 41% of children <5 are stunted, 36% are underweight, 16% are wasted (2011DHS) Economic growth alone is not enough, need pro-poor growth & more investment in social protection AND Nutrition interventions in the first 1000 days Country Context

3 GoB: strategy of pro-poor growth, and growth with equity Vision 2021, the Perspective Plan and the Sixth Five Year Plan (FY2011-FY2015) The allocation for Social Protection Programmes increased from 1.3% of GDP in 1998 to 2.5 % in FY Actual allocation (BDT) increased over FY and FY , but percentage to both budget and GDP has decreased Social Safety Nets  Around 90 SSNPs in Bangladesh (social protection & social empowerment sector)  30 major SSN programmes = 97% of the value  50% food, 50% cash  But: 30% targeting error (WB 2006 report SSN in BD) National Social Protection Strategy

4 Draft shared by Planning Commission, GED, November 2013 “The long-term vision is to build an inclusive SPS for all Bangladeshis that effectively tackles and prevents poverty and rising inequality and contributes to broader human development, employment and economic growth”.

5 Priorities for Social Safety Net Reform  Decrease the number and duplication of SSN programmes  Move towards a life cycle based SPS for poor and near poor  Improve targeting and effectiveness, reduce leakage  Move towards cash based transfer systems (indiv accounts)  Achieve better balance between different types of SSNs for rural and urban areas  Advanced monitoring and evaluation systems  More effective disaster response system.  Focus on graduation out of extreme poverty??  Nutrition sensitive SSNs– first 1,000 days??

6 Creating an Evidence Base: Transfer Modality Research Which kinds of social safety net transfers are most effective for the rural ultra poor? Under which circumstances? For which outcomes?  Income, Food Security, Child Nutrition Explore different transfer modalities - i.e. food or cash Explore innovative approaches Intensive Nutrition Training Mobile banking for cash transfers

7 Creating an Evidence Base: Transfer Modality Research Which kinds of social safety net transfers are most effective for the rural ultra poor? Food? Food & Cash? Cash? Cash & Nutrition BCC? Food & Nutrition BCC?


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