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Prioritizing Learning Needs for Beginning ESL Students Beth Kocsis ESL Instructor.

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Presentation on theme: "Prioritizing Learning Needs for Beginning ESL Students Beth Kocsis ESL Instructor."— Presentation transcript:

1 Prioritizing Learning Needs for Beginning ESL Students Beth Kocsis ESL Instructor

2 “Nice to meet you!” Tell us one piece of language (phrase, social exchange) that you say every day. 2 Introductions

3 3 Functional Literacy Life Skills and ‘extras’ High Priority Learning School Skills Citizenship Beginning Literacy Goals

4 DefinitionExample Pre-literate learner The native language does not yet have a writing system (oral society). A Bantu refugee from Somalia knows her native Af-Maay only orally, as a written form of the language is just now being developed. Non-literate learner The native language has a written form, but the learner has no education and no access to literacy instruction. An older Bhutanese farmer has now moved to the US as a refugee. Semi-literate learner The learner has minimal literacy in native language. Roberto attended a rural school in El Salvador for 3 years. Although he wanted to continue, his family needed him to work on the family farm. 4 Glossary of Terms

5 5 Beginning Literacy ESL

6 6

7 Beginning Literacy ESL Dialogues/Conversation ►Social exchange ►Personal information questions Citizenship ►Differentiating levels ►Civics, reading and writing ►The ‘interview!’ ►Money ►Time ►Numbers ►Functional literacy Priority English ►Stories ►Parent Education Life Skills 7 Class Ideas

8 “Let’s start at the very beginning…a very good place to…start”? The case for not starting at the alphabet What skills are necessary for students to read and write one word? 8

9 Class Norms: On time/late, cell phone use, planned absences, being prepared for class Watching TV for school closings! Learning activities: Circle, listen, repeat, match, underline 9 Teaching School Skills

10 Social exchange ►How are you’s? Nice to see/meet you! Have a nice weekend! ►How’s the weather? ►Excuse me’s... Personal information questions ►Where are you from? ►Where are you living now? ►How long have you lived in Pittsburgh? Do you like living in Pittsburgh? 10 Dialogues/Conversation

11 11 Minimum Competencies Today/yesterday/tomorrow/day before yesterday/day after tomorrow Distinguishing day vs. date Next week/this week/next week For higher level students… Ordinal number accuracy Recognizing months and corresponding numbers Day/month abbreviations “Next Monday is...” “Last Friday was...” o Next week  Last week o Contextualized numeric dates (appointment cards, expiration dates, birthdays) o Ago/in Priority Learning: The Calendar

12 12 Minimum Competencies On time/early/late ‘Before/after’, ‘Every day’ Awareness of counting by 5’s Proficiency with counting by 5’s Answering questions (when do you get up, eat lunch, go to bed) Awareness of am/pm Reading digital clocks For higher level students… All middle level activities + different ways of expressing time (’25 after,’ ‘quarter after’ ’25 to,’) Once/twice a day/week/month Reading digital and analog clocks Priority Learning: Time

13 13 Minimum Competencies Recognizing #1-50 in and out of sequence Recognizing number Writing dictated phone numbers Orally giving their phone numbers For higher level students… All middle level competencies + recognizing and saying numbers through 10,000 Phone numbers (writing and reading with proper pronunciation and pacing) SSN Priority Learning: Numbers

14 14 Minimum Competencies Coin recognition Prices under $5.00 Making correct money amounts with change Counting money with bills and coins Orally and writing prices to $ Money concepts (less than, more than, most, least) Shopping concepts (each, per pound) For higher level students… All middle level competencies + money concepts - going shopping Change (too much, not enough) Rounding to the nearest dollar Priority Learning: Money

15 15 Life Skills

16 Through Life Skills Stories The Goal The Process The Stories 16 Teaching Syntax & Vocabulary

17 17 Functional Literacy

18 Whole/sight word recognition Spell and write first and last name Monthly calendar Address work – memorize and recite it orally Birthdays (their own and family members) Phone Number Abbreviations - SSN, Phone #, DOB 18 Functional Literacy Skills

19 19 Writing Civics Speaking Interview based on N-400 Reading Citizenship Test

20 LEARN Bus Volunteer Opportunities Field trips 20 Extra Learning Opportunities

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