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TCP/IP Protocol Suite 1 Chapter 13 Upon completion you will be able to: Stream Control Transmission Protocol Be able to name and understand the services.

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Presentation on theme: "TCP/IP Protocol Suite 1 Chapter 13 Upon completion you will be able to: Stream Control Transmission Protocol Be able to name and understand the services."— Presentation transcript:

1 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 1 Chapter 13 Upon completion you will be able to: Stream Control Transmission Protocol Be able to name and understand the services offered by SCTP Understand SCTP’s flow and error control and congestion control Be familiar with the fields in a SCTP segment Understand the phases in an SCTP association Understand the SCTP state transition diagram Objectives

2 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 2 Figure 13.1 TCP/IP protocol suite

3 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 3 SCTP is a message-oriented, reliable protocol that combines the good features of UDP and TCP. Note:

4 TCP/IP Protocol Suite SCTP SERVICES We explain the services offered by SCTP to the application layer processes. The topics discussed in this section include: Process-to-Process Communication Multiple Streams Multihoming Full-Duplex Communication Connection-Oriented Service Reliable Service

5 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 5 Table 13.1 Some SCTP applications

6 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 6 Figure 13.2 Multiple-stream concept

7 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 7 An association in SCTP can involve multiple streams. Note:

8 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 8 Figure 13.3 Multihoming concept

9 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 9 SCTP association allows multiple IP addresses for each end. Note:

10 TCP/IP Protocol Suite SCTP FEATURES We discuss the general features of SCTP and then compare them with those of TCP. The topics discussed in this section include: Transmission Sequence Number (TSN) Stream Identifier (SI) Stream Sequence Number (SSN) Packets Acknowledgment Number Flow Control Error Control Congestion Control

11 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 11 In SCTP, a data chunk is numbered using a TSN. Note:

12 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 12 To distinguish between different streams, SCTP uses a SI. Note:

13 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 13 To distinguish between different data chunks belonging to the same stream, SCTP uses SSNs. Note:

14 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 14 Figure 13.4 Comparison between a TCP segment and an SCTP packet

15 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 15 TCP has segments; SCTP has packets. Note:

16 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 16 In SCTP, control information and data information are carried in separate chunks. Note:

17 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 17 Figure 13.5 Packet, data chunks, and streams

18 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 18 Data chunks are identified by three identifiers: TSN, SI, and SSN. TSN is a cumulative number identifying the association; SI defines the stream; SSN defines the chunk in a stream. Note:

19 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 19 In SCTP, acknowledgment numbers are used to acknowledge only data chunks; control chunks are acknowledged by other control chunks if necessary. Note:

20 TCP/IP Protocol Suite PACKET FORMAT We show the format of a packet and different types of chunks. An SCTP packet has a mandatory general header and a set of blocks called chunks. There are two types of chunks: control chunks and data chunks. The topics discussed in this section include: General Header Chunks

21 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 21 Figure 13.6 SCTP packet format

22 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 22 In an SCTP packet, control chunks come before data chunks. Note:

23 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 23 Figure 13.7 General header

24 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 24 Figure 13.8 Common layout of a chunk

25 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 25 Chunks need to terminate on a 32-bit (4 byte) boundary. Note:

26 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 26 Table 13.2 Chunks

27 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 27 The number of padding bytes are not included in the value of the length field. Note:

28 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 28 Figure 13.9 DATA chunk

29 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 29 A DATA chunk cannot carry data belonging to more than one message, but a message can be split into several chunks. The data field of the DATA chunk must carry at least one byte of data, which means the value of length field cannot be less than 17. Note:

30 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 30 Figure INIT chunk

31 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 31 No other chunk can be carried in a packet that carries an INIT chunk. Note:

32 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 32 Figure INIT ACK chunk

33 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 33 No other chunk can be carried in a packet that carries an INIT ACK chunk. Note:

34 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 34 Figure COOKIE ECHO chunk

35 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 35 Figure COOKIE ACK

36 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 36 Figure SACK chunk

37 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 37 Figure HEARTBEAT and HEARTBEAT ACK chunks

38 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 38 Figure SHUTDOWN, SHUTDOWN ACK, and SHUTDOWN COMPLETE chunks

39 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 39 Figure ERROR chunk

40 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 40 Table 13.3 Errors

41 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 41 Figure ABORT chunk

42 TCP/IP Protocol Suite AN SCTP ASSOCIATION SCTP, like TCP, is a connection-oriented protocol. However, a connection in SCTP is called an association to emphasize multihoming The topics discussed in this section include: Association Establishment Data Transfer Association Termination Association Abortion

43 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 43 A connection in SCTP is called an association. Note:

44 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 44 Figure Four-way handshaking

45 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 45 No other chunk is allowed in a packet carrying an INIT or INIT ACK chunk. A COOKIE ECHO or a COOKIE ACK chunk can carry DATA chunks. Note:

46 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 46 In SCTP, only DATA chunks consume TSNs; DATA chunks are the only chunks that are acknowledged. Note:

47 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 47 Figure Simple data transfer

48 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 48 The acknowledgment in SCTP defines the cumulative TSN, the TSN of the last DATA chunk received in order. Note:

49 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 49 Figure Association termination

50 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 50 Figure Association abortion

51 TCP/IP Protocol Suite STATE TRANSITION DIAGRAM To keep track of all the different events happening during association establishment, association termination, and data transfer, the SCTP software, like TCP, is implemented as a finite state machine. The topics discussed in this section include: Scenarios Simultaneous Close

52 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 52 Figure State transition diagram

53 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 53 Table 13.4 States for SCTP

54 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 54 Figure A common scenario of states

55 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 55 Figure Simultaneous open

56 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 56 Figure Simultaneous close

57 TCP/IP Protocol Suite FLOW CONTROL Flow control in SCTP is similar to that in TCP. In SCTP, we need to handle two units of data, the byte and the chunk. The topics discussed in this section include: Receiver Site Sender Site A Scenario

58 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 58 Figure Flow control, receiver site

59 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 59 Figure Flow control, sender site

60 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 60 Figure Flow control scenario

61 TCP/IP Protocol Suite ERROR CONTROL SCTP uses a SACK chunk to report the state of the receiver buffer to the sender. Each implementation uses a different set of entities and timers for the receiver and sender sites. The topics discussed in this section include: Receiver Site Sender Site Sending Data Chunks Generating SACK Chunks

62 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 62 Figure Error control, receiver site

63 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 63 Figure Error control, sender site

64 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 64 Figure New state at the sender site after receiving a SACK chunk

65 TCP/IP Protocol Suite CONGESTION CONTROL SCTP uses the same strategies for congestion control as TCP. SCTP uses slow start, congestion avoidance, and congestion detection phases. SCTP also uses fast retransmission and fast recovery. The topics discussed in this section include: Congestion Control and Multihoming Explicit Congestion Notification


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