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Backgrounding Cattle Larry C. Hollis, D.V.M., M.Ag. Extension Beef Veterinarian Twig T. Marston, Ph.D. Extension Beef Specialist Kansas State University.

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Presentation on theme: "Backgrounding Cattle Larry C. Hollis, D.V.M., M.Ag. Extension Beef Veterinarian Twig T. Marston, Ph.D. Extension Beef Specialist Kansas State University."— Presentation transcript:

1 Backgrounding Cattle Larry C. Hollis, D.V.M., M.Ag. Extension Beef Veterinarian Twig T. Marston, Ph.D. Extension Beef Specialist Kansas State University

2 Backgrounding Preparing cattle for the next phase of the production cycle: Development of replacement animals Preparing purchased calves for the feedlot Preparing home-raised calves for the feedlot

3 Our Focus Preparing calves for the feedlot

4 Our Focus Management and health Management and nutrition

5 Where does backgrounding start ?

6 Cow Management Program Vaccinations Parasite control BreedingFeeding Calving management Custom-tailored to meet your needs, abilities and facilities, and the needs of the markets you are targeting

7 Colostrum Management 2-year study @ US-MARC 263 crossbred calves 23% had inadequate colostrum intake Wittum, Perino, et al

8 Colostrum Management Results of inadequate colostrum intake: –Birth to weaning 3X more likely to get sick 6X more likely to get sick during first 28 days 5X more likely to die Weighed 35# less at weaning

9 Colostrum Management Results of inadequate colostrum intake: –Feedlot 3X more likely to get sick Gained 24# less over 242-day feeding period

10 Calf Management Program Vaccinations Parasite Control Implants Individual animal ID Weaning

11 Timing of Castration Early Castration No implant Early Castration + Implant Late Castration Weaning No. of calves 604041 Weight, lb June June October October November November304564606311580628317578611 Early = Day 90 Late = Day 226 Marston, et al, 2003 Kansas Cattlemen’s Day

12 Weaning Conditions Dry, dusty lot Fenceline weaning Move cows away or move calves away Wean on the truck

13 Weaning Vaccination Program: 2 @ IBR-PI 3 -BVD-BRSV vaccines –2-4 weeks preweaning and at weaning, or at weaning and 2-4 weeks later or at weaning and 2-4 weeks later 7-way clostridial vaccination Pasteurella bacterin/leukotoxoid Hold for 45 days after weaning

14 Prevent BRD

15 Texas A&M Ranch-to-Rail Summary The Impact of Health on Performance, Profits and Carcass SickHealthy Head3,2029,393 Death Loss 3.4% 0.5% Average Daily Gain, Lb 2.78 2.96 Total Cost of Gain, $/Cwt$65.96$56.68 Medicine Cost/Head$31.33$0.00 Net Return/Head-$31.97+$61.23 Quality Grade Choice29%39% Select63%56% Standard 8% 5%

16 Texas A&M Ranch-to-Rail Summary The Impact of Health on Performance, Profits and Carcass Difference in Value Healthy+$61.23 Sick -$31.97 Difference $93.20 Average in weight of sick steers = 571 Lbs $93.20 ÷ 5.71 = $16.32/cwt less as Feeders 3,202 sick steers X $93.20 = $298,426.00

17 Value of Preconditioning Heifer Calves of Single Ranch Origin PerformanceWeaned/ShippedPreconditioned Head1,600 380 Feedlot in wt, lb. 550 640 Feedlot wt gain, lb. 616 540 Days on feed 220 180 Average daily gain, lb. 2.80 3.00 Feed:Gain, DM basis 6.60 6.02 Medicine, $/head 34.00 4.33 Death loss, % 4.44 1.30 Feedlot cost of gain, $/cwt 62.80 54.75 Cravey, 1996 Southwest Nutrition and Management Conference

18 Value of Preconditioning Heifer Calves of Single Ranch Origin EconomicsWeaned/ShippedPreconditioned Precon cost, $/head -- 40.00 Feedlot COG, $/head386.85 295.65 Fed heifer value, $/head*795.33 804.23 Value – total costs408.48 469.23 Difference in net value -- 60.72 *Sold on live weight basis

19 Preconditioning Pays Retained ownership Market through system where added value is recognized and compensated


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