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Sierra Bakken Biology 200 Will Brown. What Is Scurvy? Scurvy is a vitamin C (ascorbic acid) deficiency that results from a few weeks to months of no vitamin.

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Presentation on theme: "Sierra Bakken Biology 200 Will Brown. What Is Scurvy? Scurvy is a vitamin C (ascorbic acid) deficiency that results from a few weeks to months of no vitamin."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sierra Bakken Biology 200 Will Brown

2 What Is Scurvy? Scurvy is a vitamin C (ascorbic acid) deficiency that results from a few weeks to months of no vitamin C or 20 to 40 days We’ve known of it since ancient Greek and Egyptian times It was most common in sailors throughout the 16 th -18 th century due to vitamin C deprivation for long periods of time Cases today are rare

3 Why Do We Need Vitamin C? Vitamin C is essential for the production of collagen and the absorption of iron We are unable to make vitamin C on our own so we need to get it from other sources like citrus fruits

4 Causes It is caused by environmental factors, not genetic factors Deprivation of vitamin C due to famine, anorexia, restrictive diets, or difficulty orally ingesting foods Who Is Susceptible? It affects all races with no sexual disposition It can occur at any age Elderly people, alcoholics, or those that have a diet with little to no fruits and vegetables You will also see it in countries that suffer from famine

5 Symptoms Early Symptoms Appetite loss, poor weight gain, diarrhea, rapid breathing, fever, irritability, tenderness and discomfort in legs, swelling over long bones, bleeding, and feelings of paralysis Progressed Symptoms Bleeding of the gums, loosened teeth, petechial hemorrhage of the skin and mucous membranes, bleeding in the eye, proptopsis of the eyeball, constochondral beading, hyperkeratosis, corkscrew hair, and sicca syndrome

6 Prevention Oranges Lemons Romaine Lettuce Guava Kiwi Papaya Tomatoes Strawberries Carrots Bell peppers Broccoli Potatoes Cabbage Spinach Paprika Liver Cereal Oysters Eat foods rich in vitamin C

7 Treatment Adults RDA for vitamin C is 75mg to 90mg Smokers need 35mg more of vitamin C Doctors recommend 250mg of vitamin C is you have scurvy Eat Vitamin C rich foods You should start to see an improvement about 48 hours after starting treatment Extra vitamin C will be excreted in urine Surgery is unnecessary

8 Diet Plan Day 1 Breakfast: Oatmeal with wheat toast and 1cup of orange juice 82 mg Vitamin C Lunch: Turkey sandwich with 1 cup of cantaloupe68 mg Vitamin C Dinner: 12 oz. prime rib with 1cup of mashed potatoes and 1/2 cup 73 mg Vitamin C of broccoli Dessert: 1cup of strawberries80 mg Vitamin C Total:303 mg Vitamin C

9 Day 2 Breakfast: Pancakes with 1 cup of strawberries and whipped cream80 mg Vitamin C Lunch: BLT with a medium orange75 mg Vitamin C Dinner: Spaghetti with French bread and a 2 cup spinach salad16 mg Vitamin C Dessert: A medium papaya95 mg Vitamin C Total:266 mg Vitamin C

10 Day 3 Breakfast: 2 egg omelet with ½ cup red bell pepper 95 mg Vitamin C Lunch: Chicken Caesar salad with half a grapefruit42 mg Vitamin C Dinner: Chicken with a baked potato and 1 cup of brussel sprouts125 mg Vitamin C Dessert: Frozen yogurt with ½ cup raspberries16 mg Vitamin C Total: 278 mg Vitamin C

11 Questions 1) Scurvy is a disease caused by a deficiency in what vitamin? Answer: Vitamin C 2) True or False, There are still many cases of Scurvy today? Answer: False, Scurvy cases today are rare 3) After you start treatment, when should you see an improvement? Answer: About 48 hours

12 References Carpenter, Kenneth J. The History of Scurvy and Vitamin C. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, Print. Wardlaw, Gordon M., and Anne M. Smith. Contemporary Nutrition. 8th ed. New York: Mcgraw-Hill, Print. Crosta, Peter. "What Is Scurvy? What Causes Scurvy?" Medical News Today. MediLexicon International, 30 June Web. 05 Mar Anne, John. "Treatment of Scurvy." Ezinearticles. Web. 05 Mar "Scurvy - Causes and Treatment." VITAMINS DIARY: Information on Vitamins, Minerals, Herbs and Nutrients Web. 05 Mar Rob. "Top Fruits For Vitamin C Content." Former Fat Guy Blog. 06 Mar Web. 08 Mar Decuypere. "Dr. Decuypere's Nutrient Charts™.” Fruit Chart Web. 05 Mar


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