Presentation on theme: "Most Recent Prior Assessment Type ARD BIMS Summary Score Mood Interview Severity Score CAA Results of Current Assessment."— Presentation transcript:
Most Recent Prior Assessment Type ARD BIMS Summary Score Mood Interview Severity Score CAA Results of Current Assessment
Objectives Understand that the CAA forms a critical link between the MDS and decisions about care planning Understand how to write a CAA and what resources are available in the RAI Manual Understand what to do with the information put in the CAA
V0100: Items from Most Recent Prior Assessment
V0200: CAA & Care Planning Care Area A.A. Care Area Triggered A.B. Addressed in Care Plan Location & Date of CAA information (in clinical record) B.1. & 2. Signature of RN Coordinator of CAA Process & Date CAAs Completed C.1. & 2. Signature of Person Facilitating Care Plan & Date Care Plan Completed
Completion Comprehensive Assessment V0200B2. Completion Date of CAAs No later than 14 th day of Entry/Admission Determination of need for SCSA or SCPA Within 14 days of ARD of Annual Assessmen t V0200C2. Completion Date of Care Plan Within 7 Days completion of CAAs Transmission of MDS Within 14 days completion of care plan (V0200C2)
CHAPTER 4 CAA PROCESS CARE PLANNING Seamless circular process begins at admission and continues until discharg e
Care Area Assessment - Completion Only Comprehensive OBRA Assessments Admission Annual Significant Change Significant Correction of one of the above assessments Not required for Swingbed facilities RN Coordinator Establish policy for health care professionals to review specific CAAs
Care Areas 1. Delirium 2. Cognitive Loss/Dementia 3. Visual Function 4. Communication 5. Activity of Daily Living (ADL) Functional/ Rehabilitation Potential 6. Urinary Incontinence & Indwelling Catheter 7. Psychosocial Well-Being 8. Mood State 9. Behavioral Symptoms 10. Activities 11. Falls 12. Nutritional Status 13. Feeding Tubes 14. Dehydration/Fluid Maintenance 15. Dental Care 16. Pressure Ulcer 17. Psychotropic Medication Use 18. Physical Restraints 19. Pain 20. Return to Community Referral
Care Area Trigger(s) Triggers need for further assessment Care Area Indicator Actual Problem Potential Problem (At Risk) Rehab Candidate Not Problem Triggered Care Area must be assessed may or may not warrant being care planning Focus search for root cause of Care Area MDS may not trigger every relevant issue
In-depth Assessment CAA Tools and Resources CMS does not mandate or endorse use of any particular resource(s) including those in Appendix C Facility choice of tool or resource grounded in current standards of practice evidence based or expert endorsed research clinical practice guidelines Adequate to guide thorough assessment of Care Area Condition 10
1. Define or Describe the Care Condition or Problem Diagnosis Physician/Consultant Exams, Diagnostic Tests Nursing Assessments Signs, Symptoms Resident Observation Resident & Staff Interview What exactly is the resident’s problem? 11 Care Area Assessment Problem
2. Identify Cause and Effect of the Problem Root Cause Contributing factors Risk factors Complications affecting or caused by care area What is causing the problem? 12 Care Area Assessment Cause and Effect Analysis
3. Determine effect or impact of the Condition or Problem on the resident’s physical, functional, psychosocial status. Strengths & abilities to improve. Why is it a problem for the resident? 13 Care Area Assessment Cause and Effect Analysis
14 4. Decide Care Plan Objective (a) Resolve Care Condition/Problem - Cause, Complication, Risks - when possible (b) Minimize Effect/Impact of Condition/Problem - Cause, Complication, Risks
CAA Summary DESCRIBE Cause and contributing factor of Care Area Condition Description of Condition What exactly is the issue/problem for this resident and Why is it a problem? Objective or Subjective Data Physical, functional, and psychosocial strengths, problems, needs, deficits, and concerns related to the condition Strengths and abilities that can improve or maintain current functional status Complications affecting or caused by care area for resident
CAA Summary DESCRIBE Risk factors related to presence of condition that affect decision to care plan Causes and contributing factors of resident’s resistance to care Need for additional evaluation by physician or other health professional Factors to consider in developing individualized care plan interventions. Name of research, resource(s), or assessment tool(s) used CAA process For triggered condition that does not warrant care planning: Why determined triggered condition not problem for resident?
QIS Question Accurately and comprehensively reflect resident’s status or condition: Identifies causal factors Risk or contributing factors for decline or lack of improvement Causes or contributing factors of any resistance to care Identifies strengths or abilities that can contribute to improvement
Appendix C – Care Area Assessment Tool #6. Urinary Incontinence and Indwelling Catheter
Chapter 4 Brief Overview of Condition UI is … Types … Aging impact … Is risk factor for complications … Affect …. Catheter Use… problem, risk
UI & Catheter Use Triggers Triggering Conditions (any of the following): 1. ADL assistance for toileting was needed as indicated by: G0110I1 >= 2 AND G0110I1 <= 4) 2. Resident requires an indwelling catheter as indicated by: H0100A = 1 3. Resident requires an external catheter as indicated by: H0100B = 1 4. Resident requires intermittent catheterization as indicated by: H0100D = 1 5. Urinary incontinence has a value of 1 through 3 as indicated by: H0300 >= 1 AND H0300 <= 3
Brief Overview of Condition Chapter 4 Cont. Manage Condition: Identify underlying cause(s) of UI Reason for indwelling catheter Why do you need to know? Reduce or eliminate incontinence episodes OR reason for catheter use If can’t -- manage to prevent complications Need more information – Go back to Section/ Item in Manual read Health-related Quality of Life and Planning for Care
CMS Resource Appendix C #16 Urinary Incontinence & Indwelling Catheter Review of UI and Indwelling Catheters Supporting Documentation Modifiable Factors contributing to transitory UI Other factors that contribute to UI or catheter use Laboratory Tests Disease and Conditions Types of UI Medications Use of Indwelling Cath Basis/reason for checking the item, including the location, date, source (if applicable) of that information NOT JUST CHECK MARKS NOT RESTATING MDS
Supporting Documentation Critical Thinking Focus on relationship of checked item to Care Area Sign & Symptom, Description Causal Factor Contributing Factor Risk Factor Affect on physical, mental, psychosocial, functional status Strength Preference
Input from resident and family/representative regarding the care area. (Questions/Comments/Concerns/Preferences/Suggestions Analysis of Findings Review indicators and supporting documentation, and draw conclusion. Document: Description of Problem Causes and contributing factors Risk factors related to care Care Plan Considerations Document reason(s) care plan will/will not be developed. Care plan focus or objective NOT Care Plan Interventions or CAA Summary Referral(s) to another discipline(s) is warranted (to whom and why)
Analysis of Findings/CAA Summary Care Planning Identify and Address underlying causes of care area condition, contributing factors develop individualized care plan Objective, Goal, and Interventions to promote resident’s highest level of well-being of physical, mental, and psychosocial functioning Improve to extent possible Maintain current level Prevent decline to extent possible If at risk for decline minimize decline to extent possible Palliative care – Keep comfortable
Care Plan Development Comprehensive and Individualized Care Plan Objective Goal Statement Problem Interventions Based on Assessment
Care Plan Development INDIVIDUALIZE Use information gathered as worked CAA & CAA Summary Care Area Condition, cause, contributing factors, risk, complication Resident’s needs, behaviors, characteristics, strengths, preferences Input from resident and family Standards of practice Review current care plan to see if condition already addressed and revise if needed based on new assessment 27
Objective and Goal Statement Who is expected to achieve goal? (Resident) Subject What action must take place to achieve goal? Verb Under what circumstances is the action performed? How well or often must the action be performed Modifier Time frame Goal Reasonable Expected Outcome of Care Quantifiable, Measureable with Time Frames Improvement, Prevention, Maintenance, Palliative What is the time period during which the action must be performed? What is the reasonable expected outcome ?
Objective and Goal Statement I Subject will use the bedpan Verb before I get out of bed and when I return to bed Modifier for the next 4 weeks Time frame to decrease my incontinent episode to less than 3 per day & to reduce my embarrassment of being incontinent. Goal
INDIVIDUALIZE Instructions to provide consistent care Relieve or lessen cause or symptoms of condition limitations to physical, functional, or psychosocial functioning Identify current treatment and services Monitor effectiveness & possible adverse consequences Medication - Black Box Warnings Select & Implement Interventions Approaches to Achieve Objective/Goal Statement
Select & Implement Interventions Do not need to list all DX – S/S, Notify Dr. Standard of Practice Protocols when same interventions for several residents Staff need to know location of protocols Identify resident-specific approaches different than protocol Alternative to Refusals Advanced care planning and palliative care Resources – RAI Manual, Federal Regulation IG, QIS, Standards of Practice WHO KNOWS THE CARE PLAN?
Care Plan Interventions 1. Give me the bedpan: when I wake up in the morning 8 am before I get out of bed for lunch (11:30) when I go back to bed at 1:30 after my afternoon nap (3:00 PM) before I to supper at 5:00 PM after I go to bed at 7:00 PM 12 midnight. 2. Elevate the head of bed when you place me on the bed pan. 3. If I ask for the bedpan more frequently, take a few minutes to visit with me about my day and tell me how long it has been since I just used the bedpan. If I tell you I still need it, please let me use it. 4. When I am wet or had a BM cleanse my bottom with soap and water. Peri wash burns. Use the barrier cream in my top drawer. 5. Please offer me water when you come into my room, cappuccino at breakfast, and yogurt for an evening snack.
Review progress toward goal Identify if objectives achieved or condition worsened requiring revision Evaluate response to interventions & treatments Identify factors affecting progress towards achieving goals Determine need to stop or modify interventions Monitor Progress Evaluate Care Plan
Questions? I’ll take a few minutes to answer any questions you might have.
Thank you!! Please feel free to contact me at any time Shirley L. Boltz, RN RAI/Education Coordinator