Presentation on theme: "Unit: Nutrients Nutrient: Calcium. Calcium: Make No Bones About It."— Presentation transcript:
Unit: Nutrients Nutrient: Calcium
Calcium: Make No Bones About It
Calcium: How much do we need? Children 6-10 years……………… ,200 mg Teens and young adults………….1,200- 1,500 mg Adults…………………………………….1,000 mg
Food for thought question with food prize What food group is the major source of calcium?
Dairy group is the food group which provides the major source of calcium
Food Sources 1 ½ oz. swiss cheese 10 oz. milk shake 1 c. low fat yogurt 1 c. 2% milk 3 oz. can salmon ½ c. broccoli, cooked Put the foods in order as to how much calcium you think is in each
Food Sources 1 ½ oz. swiss cheese 10 oz. milk shake 1 c. low fat yogurt 1 c. 2% milk 3 oz. can salmon ½ c. broccoli, cooked 408 mg. 319 mg. 314 mg. 297 mg. 203 mg. 36 mg.
How much Calcium is in your bones? See the demonstration bags prepared by the teacher. Each bag will display the amount of calcium in the skeleton of a specific age group.
Calcium in each age group Flour represents calcium Newborn- 1/4c. Flour 10 year old- 3 ½ c. flour 15 year old- 7 c. flour Adult- 11 c. flour Woman with osteoporosis (30% - 40% bone loss)- 6 ½ c. flour
Food for thought question with food prize What vitamin helps the body absorb calcium?
Vitamin D helps to absorb calcium
Activity: Rank these foods On the next slide will be a list of foods, return to your lab groups and rank the foods low to high in calcium.
Foods to Rank Macaroni and cheese Salmon Baked beans Spinach Frozen yogurt orange
75% of the calcium in your diet comes from the dairy group
The average teen female only gets 68% of the recommended calcium.
Which food group comes in second in providing the most calcium?
Meat group- 9%
Food for thought question with food prize What is special about the number 206?
The number 206 is the number of bones in your body.
Bone Growth- birth- 20 years Bones form and get longer
Bones years The calcium fills in the bones to help protect them
No matter what you age- You never out grow the need for calcium.
Food for thought question with food prize What bone crippling disease does a lack of calcium contribute to?
Calcium has the potential to prevent… Osteoporosis Hypertension Colon cancer Kidney stones
Calcium contributes to a variety of life sustaining processes Bone mineralization Blood clotting Muscle contraction Even heart beating Nerve cell transmissions Preserves bone mass in people over 60
Osteoporosis Affects 25 million adults Most likely in women and older adults Healthy diet may reduce risk up to 50% By age 18 we have 95% of our bone mass By age we begin to loose bone mass
Osteoporosis This is considered a silent disease due to the fact that often no one knows that they have it until they have a bone fracture.
Early warning Signs for Osteoporosis Receding gums Decrease grip strength Weak and brittle fingernails Cramps, muscle aches, and bone pain Height loss Overall low fitness
Hypertension High blood pressure
Hypertension affects 1 in 4 adults
Symptoms of Hypertension Severe headache Fatigue or confusion Vision problems Chest pain Difficulty breathing Irregular heartbeat Blood in the urine Pounding in your chest, neck, or ears
Eating cereal with milk in the morning and a slice of cheese on a sandwich at lunch may reduce the chance of hypertension?
True Hypertension is high blood pressure
Checklist: Are you at risk for bone disease? On your own paper keep track of how many times you answer yes to the questions read by the teacher. (teacher read from your notes the list)
Delicious Ways to Get More Calcium Add cheese to the hamburger Top a baked potato or taco with cheese Add cheese to your salad Use milk instead of water in some of your recipes Make calcium rich foods your snack Enjoy a hot cocoa or latte
Group Activity The teacher will assign you a task of suggesting ways to boost calcium to your diet in different situations. Your group will have three minutes to brainstorm your answers. You will then share your answers.
Calorie Boost Situations Assignments Breakfast On the run Eating out At school before a sporting practice Lunch / dinner Calcium rich birthday party
Bones Acrostic Poem B – Build bones and teeth with plenty of calcium. O – Osteoporosis is a disease where bones become weak N – Needed daily, for nerve function, muscle contraction and blood clotting. E – Enjoy weight-bearing activities such as walking, jogging or dancing to strengthen bones S – Strong bones and teeth need calcium, even when you are an adult
Extra Credit List five foods that are fad foods and find out the amount of calcium in mg. for each List your food intake for a one day period of time and determine your calcium intake for the day in mg. You will have until the end of the week to provide this information for extra credit
Mystery Food Fermented Easier to digest than milk Contributes to colon health Boost your immunity level Adds bacteria to your diet Is an excellent source of protein
The answer is Yogurt Today we will try some.
Camembert Soft and creamy cheese Cows milk France Ripens for 3 weeks Soldiers in WWI were issued this cheese First appeared in 1791 White rind
Formaggio Originated in 1925 First produced in Italy
Great Midwest Habanero Jack Smooth texture Easy to melt Cow milk