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The Game – Organic Molecules MethodCarbsLipids Proteins and N.A. Proteins + Nutrients and Homeostasis 100 200 300 400 500 All the marbles.

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Presentation on theme: "The Game – Organic Molecules MethodCarbsLipids Proteins and N.A. Proteins + Nutrients and Homeostasis 100 200 300 400 500 All the marbles."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The Game – Organic Molecules MethodCarbsLipids Proteins and N.A. Proteins + Nutrients and Homeostasis All the marbles

3 Method students eat yogurt and drink water. Another group of 100 students eat yogurt w/ cereal in it, and drink water. Two hours later the students are tested to see how much energy they have by doing jumping jacks. Which group is the control group? –Students consuming yogurt, water

4 Method students eat yogurt and drink water. Another group of 100 students eats yogurt w/ cereal in it, and drinks water. Two hours later the students are tested to see how much energy they have by doing jumping jacks. Which group is the experimental group? –Students consuming yogurt + cereal, water

5 Method students eat yogurt and drink water. Another group of 100 students eats yogurt w/ cereal in it, and drinks water. Two hours later the students are tested to see how much energy they have by doing jumping jacks. Name 2 variables that could mess up the results of the experiment? –Mr. Hackney will decide if they are right

6 Method students eat yogurt and drink water. Another group of 100 students eats yogurt w/ cereal in it, and drinks water. Two hours later the students are tested to see how much energy they have by doing jumping jacks. What is the independent variable? –cereal

7 Method students eat yogurt and drink water. Another group of 100 students eats yogurt w/ cereal in it, and drinks water. Two hours later the students are tested to see how much energy they have by doing jumping jacks. What are the two possible answers for the dependent variable? –amount of energy, # of jumping jacks

8 Carbs Animals/humans convert the sugars and starches they eat into this carbohydrate for temporary storage. –glycogen

9 Carbs This carbohydrate provides structure and makes up the body of the plant. –cellulose

10 Carbs When plants have extra sugar/energy, they store it as this type of carbohydrate, which humans commonly eat? –starch

11 Carbs When humans eat a lot of sugars and starches, where are the 2 spots in the body that glycogen (not in fat) can be stored? –muscles, liver

12 Carbs What atoms are carbohydrates and lipids made of? What is different about their structure? –Both made of C, H, O, but carbs are in rings and lipids are in chains

13 Lipids Name two uses for fat in the body of an animal. –long-term energy storage, insulation

14 Lipids Name two living organisms that use waxes for holding water in or out? –plants, humans

15 Lipids Which lipid is used for long-term energy storage in plants? oil

16 Lipids Name the lipid that makes up the cell membrane of a cell. –phospholipid

17 Lipids Place these sources of protein in order from the lowest fat protein to the highest fat protein. (turkey, beef, venison, fish) –fish, venison, turkey, beef

18 Proteins – N.A What are the small units that make up proteins; there are 20 total. –amino acids

19 Proteins – N.A How many different amino acids must humans get from their food? –8–8

20 Proteins – N.A What exactly does DNA have the instructions to make? –proteins

21 Proteins – N.A Name the atoms that are in nucleic acids. –C, H, O, N, P

22 Proteins – N.A What does RNA do for living cells? –helps assemble or put together proteins

23 Proteins What are the 3 ways that proteins can be denatured, which causes death to living cells? –radiation, chemicals, extreme temperature

24 Proteins What is the name of the protein group that helps regulate our body’s growth and sexual development? –hormones

25 Proteins Proteins that help in chemical reactions, like the ones for digestion are called ______. –enzymes

26 Proteins Which is the scientific name for the chemical reaction that involves water somehow, and builds up/assembles organic molecules, and a water molecule is squeezed out? –Dehydration (water squeezed out)

27 Proteins Which protein helps us transport 0 2 throughout our body in our blood? –hemoglobin

28 Nutrients and Homeostasis What is water needed for in the body? –Removal of waste, cooling, life processes (metabolism).

29 Nutrients and Homeostasis Calcium, sodium, potassium are examples of ________________. –Vitamins

30 Nutrients and Homeostasis What are the two type of vitamins and give an example of each? –Fat soluble (A,K, D and E) –Water Soluble (B, C)

31 Nutrients and Homeostasis What considerations should be made when consuming packaged foods? –Serving size, % fat, sodium, etc.

32 Nutrients and Homeostasis What are the six types of nutrients to maintain homeostasis? What is Homeostasis? –Water, Proteins, Fats, Carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals. –Homeostasis –living condition

33 All the marbles Make 3 columns – Carbs, Fats, Proteins Place these foods under the column that they are the highest source of. peanut butter, pork, crackers, banana, pepsi, cereal, ranch dressing

34 All the marbles - answers –Carbs = crackers, banana, pepsi, cereal –Proteins = pork –Fats = ranch dressing, peanut butter


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