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Carbohydrates, Fats (lipids), and Proteins Review
What are proteins?
Proteins are nutrients used to build and repair your body. Proteins are found in body fluids, muscle, bone, and skin.
What are fats (lipids)?
Fats are energy-storage nutrients. Fats are needed to store and transport vitamins, produce hormones, keep skin healthy, and provide insulation.
Fats and oils are forms of lipids. Fats are solid at room temperature and oils are liquid at room temperature.
What are carbohydrates?
Carbohydrates are your body’s main source of energy. A carbohydrate is a chemical composed of simple sugars.
What molecule of food is produced by plants in photosynthesis?
Glucose (simple carbohydrate)
Where are some simple carbohydrates found?
Any fruits: apples, oranges
Combine several of these simple carbohydrates you get complex carbohydrates. Where are these found?
They are found in potatoes, things made from grains (bread, pasta)
What are the two other molecule types our bodies use?
Lipids and Proteins
What are some examples of proteins?
Meats, eggs, nuts, cheese, yogurt
What are some examples of fats (lipids)?
Butter, olive oil, grease
Which would be the best food to eat hours before an athletic contest or performance?
Complex Carbohydrates like pasta or potatoes.
How does your body use this food?
Your body breaks these down into simple sugars (glucose) that can be used in cellular respiration to make ATP (energy).
What molecule are our bodies trying to make more of by eating these foods?
Which would be the best food to eat at half time or between performances?
Oranges, apples, any fruit
They are already a simple sugar and can be used right away to do cellular respiration to make ATP (energy)
Which would be the best food to eat after the athletic contest or performance to rebuild muscles and cells lost during the activity?
How many carbohydrates are in this food item? How many proteins are in this food item? How many fat’s are in this food item?
Resources http://www.sciencesource2.ca/images/quiz_glucose.jpg http://www.macworld.com.au/data/8/2/7/apple-orange.jpg http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/images/ency/fullsize/19529.jpg http://www.edren.co.uk/media/images/EDRENinfo/dietinrenal2.jpg http://turtledragon.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2008/08/fats-oils.jpg http://visual.merriam-webster.com/images/food-kitchen/food/fats- oils_2.jpghttp://visual.merriam-webster.com/images/food-kitchen/food/fats- oils_2.jpg http://adventuresinshaw.files.wordpress.com/2008/12/roasted-potatoes.jpg http://a0.vox.com/6a00c2251c3baa549d00f48cef31180002-500pi http://www.brooklyn.cuny.edu/bc/ahp/LAD/C7/graphics/C7_atp_2.GIF http://www.247streamtv.info/wp-content/uploads/2009/10/atp.jpg http://www.thehealthiesthabits.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/meat-ad- 300x295.jpghttp://www.thehealthiesthabits.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/meat-ad- 300x295.jpg http://www.blog.thesietch.org/wp-content/uploads/2009/02/giant-fish.jpg
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