Presentation on theme: "HIV and AIDS Chera Pierce, Mandi Zaryski and Lindsay Gentemann."— Presentation transcript:
HIV and AIDS Chera Pierce, Mandi Zaryski and Lindsay Gentemann
www.cdc.gov/hiv/ What is HIV? Human Immunodeficiency Virus Causes AIDS Overtime Damages the immune system
www.cdc.gov/hiv/ What is AIDS? Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome When immune system is weak: _______________ and infections enter the body This stage of HIV is called AIDS
www.cdc.gov/hiv/ How is HIV/AIDS Transmitted? Vaginal, anal, oral sex ___________ sharing Mother to fetus or newborn Blood-to-blood contact
www.cdc.gov/hiv/ HIV/AIDS is NOT spread by: Shaking hands, touching or hugging Breathing, coughing or ______________ Using toilets, telephones, etc.
www.cdc.gov/hiv/ Continued… Sharing food, drinks, etc Insect bites including _______________ Tears or sweat
www.cdc.gov/hiv/ Symptoms of HIV Rapid _______________ Dry cough Recurring fever or profuse night sweats Profound, unexplained fatigue Swollen lymph glands in armpits, groin, neck
www.cdc.gov/hiv/ Symptoms of HIV Diarrhea lasting for more than _________ White spots or unusual blemishes on tongue, in the mouth or throat Pneumonia
www.cdc.gov/hiv/ Continued… Red, brown, pink or purplish blotches on or under the skin, in the mouth, nose or eyelids Memory loss, depression & other neurological disorders
www.cdc.gov/hiv/ HOWEVER… All of these symptoms can be related to _______________ as well!!!
Information from http://aidsinfo.nih.gov Testing for HIV/AIDS Testing positive for HIV does NOT mean you have AIDS BUT if left _____________ can become AIDS Blood tests: Count CD4 cells white blood cells which attack infections If infected your CD4 cell count drops below 200 cells/mm^3
Information from aidsinfo.nih.gov Treatments and Medications No vaccines or medicines will __________ the spread of HIV Most medicines slow the progression of HIV in an infected person Medicine also used to prevent transmission from mother to baby during and after pregnancy
Information from http://aidsinfo.nih.gov Medicines Used Zidovudine (Retrovir) Nevirapine (Viramune) Tenofovir What exactly do these medicines do? What are the possible side effects?
Information from http://aidsinfo.nih.gov Preventing & Dealing with AIDS… Counseling Options Risk-Reduction Counseling: Targets at-risk individuals Most counseling is aimed at PREVENTING the HIV contraction Therapy is also available to HIV infected individuals and their families
Why is HIV/AIDS Continuing to Spread? Failure to change risky behaviors Myths about HIV Poor _____________ conditions Naivete
AIDS Across The Globe http://www.unaids.org/wad2004/report_pdf. html http://www.unaids.org/wad2004/report_pdf. html
www.cdc.gov/hiv/stats.htm Interesting Statistics At the end of 2003, an estimated 1,039,000 to 1,185,000 people in the US were living with HIV/AIDS, 24-27% undiagnosed and unaware of their HIV infection The cumulative estimated number of diagnoses of AIDS through 2003 in the US is 929,985
www.cdc.gov.hiv/stats.htm Deaths Due to AIDS The cumulative estimated number of deaths of persons with AIDS through 2003 is 524,060 including: 518,568 adults and adolescents 5,492 children under age 13
What Can Be Done? Websites to browse through: http://www.projecthope.org http://www.worldvision.org