Presentation on theme: "Argumentation (3): Things to Do and to Avoid. Outline Do:1. Clear & practical thesis statement; 2. Clear development of support (including refuting counter-arguments);Clear."— Presentation transcript:
Argumentation (3): Things to Do and to Avoid
Outline Do:1. Clear & practical thesis statement; 2. Clear development of support (including refuting counter-arguments);Clear & practical thesis statementClear development of support Avoid: Faulty logic or inappropriate reasons;Faulty logic or inappropriate reasons Introduction – Introduction Do: Impressive which also introduces your thesis; Avoid: Simplification of reasons; Conclusion – Conclusion Do: Wrap up all of your points; make an emotional appeal; Avoid: introduce a new topic.
Clear & Practical Thesis statement Therefore, strict laws regulating the campaign methods should be set up, while alternatives, such as televised debate provided by the government, TV commercials, newspaper ads, and other types of noiseless but creative promotional methods should be extensively promoted.
Clear Thesis statement – rev. Therefore, stricter laws should be set in regulating the campaign methods such as flags, rally and motorcade, while the candidates should also resort to alternatives campaign methods, such as televised debate provided by the government, TV commercials, newspaper ads, and other types of noiseless but creative promotional methods.
Development: (1) Reasons in support of Homosexuals ’ adoption Main Argument: Adoption not only saves an orphan from the substandard foster home but also offers family happiness to the homosexual pairs. 1. Refuting Counter-arguments: Good parenting is not influenced by sexual orientation. Rather, what it requires are unconditional love and adequate finance, which both heterosexual and homosexual parents could provide.
Development:(1) Reasons in support of Homosexuals ’ adoption (2) 2. Refuting Counter-arguments: If a homosexual household creates gender confusion owning to only fatherhood or motherhood to the adopted children, then the same problem should happen on single-parent families as well. 3. Refuting Counter-arguments: There is no clear evidence showing that children raised in a homosexual household are much more likely to become homosexuals in the future.
Development:(1) Reasons in support of Homosexuals ’ adoption (3) 4. Homosexual adoption also solves the problem of shortage of adoptive and foster parents.
Development: (2) Reasons in support of cohabitation First, cohabitants would have a better mutual understanding through the process of cohabitation. If a couple is in love with each other, they want to be with each other all the time. college couples find themselves more independent from the families. It is a symbol of showing maturity. The fear towards marriage also leads them to choose only to cohabit, but not to get married.
Development: (3) Reasons against All-English kindergarten - suggestions Parents ’ attitude is the most important; Should be learned in a natural environment; Overemphasis of English can be harmful to children ’ s acquisition of their mother tongue It is not necessary for children in Taiwan to learn English in All-English kindergarten, which makes English superior to native language and English teachers, to Taiwanese.
Development: (3) Reasons against All-English kindergarten It is not necessary for children in Taiwan to learn English in All-English kindergarten. Examples of over-emphasis of English hierarchy at school lack of Chinese abilities Example of natural bi-lingualism. How to practice bi-lingualism in a kindergarten and at home.
Development: transition If girls really decide to cohabit with their boyfriends, they really need to carefully consider it. One day, if they break up, the record of cohabitation can ’ t be retrieved. In the next relationship or the marriage, the record will be with girls. Most men can ’ t accept that their girlfriends or wives have cohabited with men. Perhaps, those students who decide to cohabit may say that they live together for love and deeper understanding.
Girls, especially, should think twice befor they decide to cohabit with their boyfriends. They should know that once they break up, the record of cohabitation cannot be erased. In the next relationship or the marriage, the record will be with girls. Most men can ’ t accept that their girlfriends or wives have cohabited with men. Even if they don ’ t care about other people ’ s views and argue that they cohabit for love and deeper understanding, is cohabitation, I want to ask, the only way to achieve mutual understanding?
Reasoning: (1) Advertisements are educational. For instance, the commercial films of milk or yogurt claims that to drink milk and yogurt is good for health, because calcium is necessary for our body and the germs yogurt has is good for digestion. Besides, whether we are going to buy the certain brand of milk and yogurt or not, we get the further knowledge about which nutrition and germs are good for us.
Reasoning: (1) Advertisements are educational. Reasoning not rigorous enough Providing knowledge or constant reminder? For instance, the commercial films of milk or yogurt repeatedly claim that drinking milk and yogurt is good for health, because calcium is necessary for our body and the live and active cultures yogurt has is good for digestion. Whether we are persuaded into buying a certain brand of milk and yogurt or not, we are constantly reminded of the importance of calcium and lactic acid-producing bacteria.
Note CULTURED DAIRY FOODS Cultured dairy foods are milk products that result from the fermentation of milk or its products by starter cultures (i.e., selected specific microorganisms) that produce lactic acid under controlled conditions. e.g. Sour Cream & Yogurt Yogurt. Yogurt is the product resulting from the culturing of a mixture of milk and cream products with the lactic acid- producing bacteria, Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus.
Introduction Nowadays, the social phenomenon has changed. People ’ s values towards many things are different, such as the value of wealth, love, sexual intercourse, etc. The rate of divorces is getting higher and higher. The latest number of the rate of divorce is one out 2.5 couples that gets divorced. This phenomenon has also influenced on campus. Couples cohabit because they are afraid of getting married.
Introduction (2) On college campus, many student couples cohabit. Some of the couples enjoy doing so while some end up breaking up with each other. Some would just like to give it a shot. No matter what the consequences may be, in my opinion, I find it good for college student couple to cohabit.
Introduction: problems 1. simplification of reasons for cohabitation; 2. Thesis statement too short and unclear. 3. Lack of connection between the first and the second paragraphs.
Introduction: suggested solution As our society develops more diverse views about love, sexual intercourse and goals of life, marriage may not be the only or the best destination of love. Instead, cohabitation turns out to be a common choice nowadays, while more and more married couples end up in divorce. This general trend, of course, has its trickle-down effects on college, where young couples opt for cohabitation for various reasons such as love, convenience, mutual understanding and trial marriage. Considering the large number of unhappy couples and divorced ones, isn ’ t cohabitation a better and safer choice for our young couples?
Topic sentence & conclusion Homosexuals are exactly the same as heterosexuals besides(except for) their sexual orientation, which is a matter of personal choice and should not be discriminated against. Homosexuals and their adoptive children may be looked down by some people in the society; for this reason, it is important for homosexual couples to help the children face the prejudices and develop a strong mind.
Topic sentence & conclusion (2) Brainwashing the discrimination against homosexuals of the public is also inevitable. [solution through media education]... They are just minority compared with heterosexuals. After all, some homosexuals could be better parents than those heterosexuals who are addicted to alcohol, drugs, and violence.
Topic sentence & conclusion (suggestion 1) Nobody can deny the humanity of homosexuals, who differ from the heterosexuals only in their sexual orientation. Nobody can deny their need, and thus their human right, to love and be loved, and, above all, to have a family with both a spouse and children.
Topic sentence & conclusion (suggestion 2) As normal human beings, homosexuals not only are able to provide orphans a good home, they can offer them a healthy and loving family environment. Moreover, in face of discrimination, they teach their children to be opener to differences and stronger in fighting against prejudices. After all, some homosexuals could be better parents than those heterosexuals who are addicted to alcohol, drugs, and violence.
Conclusion The purpose of having a casino in Penghu is to try to improve the tourism; the purpose of having a casino in Penghu is to let people from other countries know how wonderful Penghu is; the purpose of having a casino in Penghu is to solve the financial problem; the purpose of having a casino in Penghu is to make Penghu people live better lives.
Conclusion Everyone has different opinions about this issue, but s/he has to understand a very important thing: if people cannot live anymore, all they can do is to try to solve the problem and then continue the lives. The problem that Penghu people have to face is — no money, no jobs, and no happy lives. People want to have happy and rich lives, and they also have the rights to get what they are deserved to have. Now Penghu people need a casino to save their lives, why not helping them? Thus, set up a casino and save the Penghu people.
Conclusion The purpose of having a casino in Penghu is to try to improve its tourism so that people from the other countries know how wonderful Penghu is. The purpose of having a casino in Penghu is, more importantly, to solve its financial problem so that Penghu people can live better lives.